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Origins of Objectivity

Tyler Burge

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199581405
eISBN:
9780191723223
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199581405.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This book presents a study of what it is for individuals to represent the physical world with the most primitive sort of objectivity. By reflecting on the science of perception and related ... More


New Trends in the Physics and Mechanics of Biological Systems: Lecture Notes of the Les Houches Summer School: Volume 92, July 2009

Martine Ben Amar, Alain Goriely, Martin Michael Müller, and Leticia Cugliandolo (eds)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199605835
eISBN:
9780191729522
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199605835.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Soft Matter / Biological Physics

In July 2009, many experts in the mathematical modelling of biological sciences gathered in Les Houches for a four-week summer school on the mechanics and physics of biological systems. The goal of ... More


Intentional Error

Robert Rosenthal

in Artifacts in Behavioral Research: Robert Rosenthal and Ralph L. Rosnow's Classic Books

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195385540
eISBN:
9780199869824
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195385540.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter focuses on intentional error. Intentional error production on the part of the experimenter is probably as relatively rare an event in the psychological experiment as it is in the ... More


Two Types of Science

Colin McGinn

in Basic Structures of Reality: Essays in Meta-Physics

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199841103
eISBN:
9780199919529
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199841103.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, General

The natural taxonomy of the empirical sciences would break the sciences down into three basic groups: the physical sciences (physics, astronomy, chemistry, geology, metallurgy), the biological ... More


The Experimenter as Observer

Robert Rosenthal

in Artifacts in Behavioral Research: Robert Rosenthal and Ralph L. Rosnow's Classic Books

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195385540
eISBN:
9780199869824
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195385540.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter discusses some of the disciplines that have shown a self-conscious awareness of the problem of observer effects. These include the physical sciences, biological sciences, behavioral ... More


Interpretation of Data

Robert Rosenthal

in Artifacts in Behavioral Research: Robert Rosenthal and Ralph L. Rosnow's Classic Books

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195385540
eISBN:
9780199869824
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195385540.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Identical observations are often interpreted differently by different scientists, and that fact and its implications are the subject of this chapter. Interpretation effects are most simply defined as ... More


Introduction: Political Ecologies of Bioterror

Melanie Armstrong

in Germ Wars: The Politics of Microbes and America's Landscape of Fear

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780520292765
eISBN:
9780520966147
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520292765.003.0001
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

Bioterrorism has emerged as a prominent fear of the modern age, alongside revolutions in biological science and changing practices of warfare. Bioterrorism is also an important, and often overlooked, ... More


. Evolution and the Law

George Anastaplo

in Reflections on Life, Death, and the Constitution

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813125336
eISBN:
9780813135243
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813125336.003.0024
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter discusses the evolution controversy, which finds its way into our courts from time to time, is in large part about how to understand and deal with life, death and the prospects of human ... More


Bioinformation as a Triadic Relation

Alfredo Marcos

in Information and Living Systems: Philosophical and Scientific Perspectives

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262201742
eISBN:
9780262295246
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262201742.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter demonstrates how the concept of information gradually became a key notion in the biological sciences, and describes a few of the controversies that resulted from this development. It ... More


Getting Started with R: An introduction for biologists

Andrew P. Beckerman and Owen L. Petchey

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199601615
eISBN:
9780191774539
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199601615.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Biomathematics / Statistics and Data Analysis / Complexity Studies

Learning how to get answers from data is an integral part of modern training in the natural, physical, social, and engineering sciences. One of the most exciting changes in data management and ... More


The Biosemiotic Approach in Biology: Theoretical Bases and Applied Models

João Queiroz, Claus Emmeche, Kalevi Kull, and Charbel El-Hani

in Information and Living Systems: Philosophical and Scientific Perspectives

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262201742
eISBN:
9780262295246
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262201742.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter defines and discusses biosemiotics, which is a growing field that investigates semiotic processes in the living realm in an attempt to combine the findings of the biological sciences and ... More


Tactical Biopolitics: Art, Activism, and Technoscience

Beatriz da Costa and Kavita Philip (eds)

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262042499
eISBN:
9780262271127
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262042499.001.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Media Studies

Popular culture in this “biological century” seems to feed on proliferating fears, anxieties, and hopes around the life sciences at a time when such basic concepts as scientific truth, race and ... More


Demands of the Day: On the Logic of Anthropological Inquiry

Paul Rabinow and Anthony Stavrianakis

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226036885
eISBN:
9780226037073
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226037073.001.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, Anthropology, Theory and Practice

This book asks about the logical standards and forms that should guide ethical and experimental anthropology in the twenty-first century. The authors do so by taking up Max Weber’s notion of the ... More


Toward a Taxonomy of Scientific Replication

Ayelet Shavit and Aaron M. Ellison

in Stepping in the Same River Twice: Replication in Biological Research

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780300209549
eISBN:
9780300228038
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300209549.003.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter suggests a taxonomy of the concept of replication that can be used to build bridges among different research cultures in the biological sciences—lab or field-based; observational or ... More


Introduction

Cristóbal Curio, Heinrich H. Bülthoff, and Martin A. Giese

in Dynamic Faces: Insights from Experiments and Computation

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014533
eISBN:
9780262289313
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014533.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Vision

This book discusses developments that have occurred recently in the field of the recognition and modeling of dynamic faces. It discusses the topics in neuroscience that are important for researchers ... More


Always Already There, or Software as Memory

Wendy Hui Kyong Chun

in Programmed Visions: Software and Memory

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015424
eISBN:
9780262295215
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015424.003.0008
Subject:
Society and Culture, Media Studies

This chapter finds that software has emerged as the ultimate source and medium of information dissemination and storage. Software has become the virtual memory for human beings by combining the ... More


Blaming Aristotle

J. David Archibald

in Aristotle's Ladder, Darwin's Tree: The Evolution of Visual Metaphors for Biological Order

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231164122
eISBN:
9780231537667
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231164122.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter examines how Aristotle influenced both our perceptions and misperceptions of the history of life on Earth and the presumption that humans are the highest of animals. Aristotle's views ... More


Evolution—the Extended Synthesis

Massimo Pigliucci and Gerd B. Müller (eds)

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262513678
eISBN:
9780262315142
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262513678.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

In the six decades since the publication of Julian Huxley’s Evolution: The Modern Synthesis, the spectacular empirical advances in the biological sciences have been accompanied by equally significant ... More


Music as Art and Science: Changing Conceptualizations by Diderot, 1748–1760

Cynthia Verba

in Music and the French Enlightenment: Rameau and the Philosophes in Dialogue

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780199381029
eISBN:
9780199381043
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199381029.003.0005
Subject:
Music, History, Western

Among the philosophes, Diderot was most directly concerned with the tensions inherent in traditional or neoclassical concepts and sought creative ways of incorporating change and even opposing ideas ... More


Conceptualizing Multilevel Expertise

Janet Fulk

in Expertise, Communication, and Organizing

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780198739227
eISBN:
9780191802317
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198739227.003.0013
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation, Organization Studies

This chapter conceptualizes expertise as a multilevel concept that applies not only to individuals, but also the collective in which individuals practice expertise and the interactions between ... More


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