Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation

You are looking at 1-10 of 13 items

  • Keywords: biological mechanisms x
Clear All Modify Search

View:

Placebo Effects: Understanding the mechanisms in health and disease

Fabrizio Benedetti

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199559121
eISBN:
9780191724022
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199559121.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

One of the most widespread words in medicine is the placebo and placebo effect, although it is not always clear what it means exactly. Recent progress in biomedical research has allowed a better ... More


The Biology of Homosexuality

Jacques Balthazart

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199838820
eISBN:
9780199919512
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199838820.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic, Development

This book presents a simple description of the biological mechanisms that are involved in the determination of sexual orientation in animals and also presumably in humans. Using scientific studies ... More


Temperament as a Biological Mechanism for Mate Choice: A Hypothesis and Preliminary Data

Helen E. Fisher, Heide D. Island, Marchalik Daniel, and Rich Jonathan

in Family Relationships: An Evolutionary Perspective

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195320510
eISBN:
9780199786800
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195320510.003.0013
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter discusses investigations based on Fisher's hypothesis that among the myriad cultural and biological forces that contribute to mate choice, men and women tend to be attracted to potential ... More


Dynamic Modeling of Core Processes

Domitilla Del Vecchio and Richard M. Murray

in Biomolecular Feedback Systems

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691161532
eISBN:
9781400850501
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691161532.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

This chapter describes basic biological mechanisms in a way that can be represented by simple dynamical models. It begins with a discussion of the basic modeling formalisms that will be utilized to ... More


Psychosocial and Biological Mechanisms behind the Recent Mortality Crisis in Central and Eastern Europe

Michael Marmot and Martin Bobak

in The Mortality Crisis in Transitional Economies

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198297413
eISBN:
9780191685347
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198297413.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter focuses on the effects of the social and economic changes during the transition period in the Central and Eastern European countries. It is established that before the transition era, ... More


The Effects of Sex Steroids in Humans: Organizing Effects

Jacques Balthazart

in The Biology of Homosexuality

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199838820
eISBN:
9780199919512
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199838820.003.0029
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic, Development

Chapters 3 and 4 reviewed many of the principles highlighted in various animal models on the effects of sex steroids on the expression of reproductive behavior, on sexual differentiation during ... More


Embodied Stereotype Threat: Exploring Brain and Body Mechanisms Underlying Performance Impairments

Wendy Berry Mendes and Jeremy Jamieson

in Stereotype Threat: Theory, Process, and Application

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199732449
eISBN:
9780199918508
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199732449.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

In this chapter, we explore brain and body mechanisms that link the experience of stereotype threat to changes in cognitive and behavioral performance. We begin by identifying a model of causal ... More


Physical Activity

I-MIN LEE and YUKO OGUMA

in Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195149616
eISBN:
9780199865062
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195149616.003.0023
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses epidemiologic studies of physical activity and cancer prevention. There is a large body of epidemiologic data on the relation between physical activity and the risk of ... More


What's Normal?: Reconciling Biology and Culture

Allan V. Horwitz

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780190603243
eISBN:
9780190603281
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190603243.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Social Theory

Since the emergence of Western philosophy and science among the Classical Greeks, debates have raged over the relative significance of biology and culture on an individual’s behavior. Today, recent ... More


Metaconfidence Judgments in Rhesus Macaques: Explicit Versus Implicit Mechanisms

Lisa K. Son and Nate Kornell

in The Missing Link in Cognition: Origins of self-reflective consciousness

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195161564
eISBN:
9780199848386
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195161564.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The chapter shows a paradigm that has the potential to reveal true metacognition in animals. The main controversies surrounding Smith's paradigm centered on whether what he referred to as ... More


View: