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Eco-Alchemy: Anthroposophy and the History and Future of Environmentalism

Dan McKanan

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780520290051
eISBN:
9780520964389
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520290051.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, World Religions

For the past century, initiatives inspired by Rudolf Steiner’s anthroposophy have contributed to the evolution of environmental activism. Steiner’s 1924 course of lectures on agriculture initiated ... More


The Stars Come Down to Frozen Earth: Border Science in the Third Reich

Eric Kurlander

in Hitler's Monsters: A Supernatural History of the Third Reich

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780300189452
eISBN:
9780300190373
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300189452.003.0005
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter looks systemically at the application of the ‘border sciences’ promoted by many Nazis, including astrology, World Ice Theory, and ‘biodynamic’ agriculture, between 1933 and 1941. In ... More


The Birth of the Organic Movement

Brian K. Obach

in Organic Struggle: The Movement for Sustainable Agriculture in the United States

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780262029094
eISBN:
9780262328302
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029094.003.0002
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

This chapter traces the early history of the organic movement, emphasizing three debates that would persist to the present: what specifically defines organic practices, the role of spirituality ... More


Alternative Ideals, 1944–1958

Venus Bivar

in Organic Resistance: The Struggle over Industrial Farming in Postwar France

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9781469641188
eISBN:
9781469641195
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469641188.003.0003
Subject:
History, Environmental History

In response to the industrialization of agriculture, biodynamic and organic practices emerged across Europe. Inspired by the work of Rudolph Steiner, French doctors, farmers, and agronomists banded ... More


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