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Imaging the Aging Brain

William Jagust and Mark D'Esposito (eds)

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195328875
eISBN:
9780199864836
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195328875.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques, Development

The study of brain aging has been revolutionized through advances in molecular neuroscience, cognitive neuroscience, and brain imaging. The application of new concepts and techniques has permitted ... More


The Problem of Emergence

John F. Padgett and Walter W. Powell

in The Emergence of Organizations and Markets

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691148670
eISBN:
9781400845552
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691148670.003.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Economic Sociology

This chapter elaborates on a theory of the co-evolution of social networks—a synthesis of social science and biochemistry—and shows its empirical significance for the study of human organizations. ... More


Autocatalysis in Chemistry and the Origin of Life

John F. Padgett

in The Emergence of Organizations and Markets

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691148670
eISBN:
9781400845552
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691148670.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Economic Sociology

This chapter provides an extensive review of the biochemistry literature on the origins of life where the concept of autocatalysis figures most prominently. There is a lively debate in the scientific ... More


Tessellations

Pierre Calka

in New Perspectives in Stochastic Geometry

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199232574
eISBN:
9780191716393
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199232574.003.0005
Subject:
Mathematics, Geometry / Topology

Random tessellations and cellular structures occur in many domains of application, such as astrophysics, ecology, telecommunications, biochemistry and naturally cellular biology (see Stoyan, Kendall ... More


Principles of Frontal Lobe Function

Donald T. Stuss and Robert T. Knight (eds)

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195134971
eISBN:
9780199864157
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195134971.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This book provides a review of historical and current research on the function of the frontal lobes and frontal systems of the brain. The content spans frontal lobe functions from birth to old age, ... More


Against Reductionism

E. Brian Davies

in Science in the Looking Glass: What Do Scientists Really Know?

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199219186
eISBN:
9780191711695
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199219186.003.0009
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

The extraordinary development of physical science over the last two centuries has led to claims that it can explain all aspects of reality. Some scientists have proposed a programme called ... More


The functional neuroanatomy of learning and memory

Hans J. Markowitsch and Martina Piefke

in The Handbook of Clinical Neuropsychology

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199234110
eISBN:
9780191594250
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199234110.003.038
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology, Clinical Psychology

This chapter describes the kinds of learning and memory which are relevant for clinical practice and how they are defined and delineated. Two main lines are followed: one which divides information ... More


The Role of Biochemistry

Rowland H. Davis

in The Microbial Models of Molecular Biology: From Genes to Genomes

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195154368
eISBN:
9780199893935
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195154368.003.0017
Subject:
Biology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

This chapter takes up three important areas in which continuing progress in molecular biology relied heavily on frankly biochemical orientation. It argues that the often understated contributions of ... More


Introduction

David J. Price and David J. Willshaw

in Mechanisms of Cortical Development

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780192624277
eISBN:
9780191723735
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192624277.003.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development

Life on Earth began several billion years ago. The cerebral cortex of mammals probably arose from the primordial cortex of amphibians and reptiles some 300 million years ago. The evolution of the ... More


Guidance of axons and innervation of cortical structures

David J. Price and David J. Willshaw

in Mechanisms of Cortical Development

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780192624277
eISBN:
9780191723735
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192624277.003.0004
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development

To create the nervous system, precise synaptic connections must form between cells. This process involves the outgrowth of axons, their travel to distant sites, and their innervation of target ... More


The biochemical basis of migraine predisposition

Vivette Glover and Merton Sandler

in Migraine: A Spectrum of Ideas

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780192618108
eISBN:
9780191724305
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192618108.003.0019
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

This chapter discusses some aspects of the biochemistry of migraine predisposition, and indicate how some of the initiating factors may interact with the central monoamine systems. Professor Lance ... More


Modern Thermodynamics for Chemists and Biochemists

Dennis Sherwood and Paul Dalby

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
August 2018
ISBN:
9780198782957
eISBN:
9780191826177
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198782957.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This book will equip a student of any physical or biological science with a sound understanding of thermodynamics, and will build confidence in using thermodynamics in practice. The emphasis is ... More


Rolling the Dice Twice: Evolving Reconstructed Ancient Proteins in Extant Organisms

Betul Kacar

in Chance in Evolution

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780226401744
eISBN:
9780226401911
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226401911.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Scientists have access to artifacts of evolutionary history, but they have limited ability to infer the exact events that produced today’s living world. An intriguing question to arise from this ... More


System Modeling in Cellular Biology: From Concepts to Nuts and Bolts

Zoltan Szallasi, Jorg Stelling, and Vipul Periwal (eds)

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262195485
eISBN:
9780262257060
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262195485.001.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, Mathematical Biology

Research in systems biology requires the collaboration of researchers from diverse backgrounds, including biology, computer science, mathematics, statistics, physics, and biochemistry. These ... More


EthicsXExpediency

Mike Fortun

in Promising Genomics: Iceland and deCODE Genetics in a World of Speculation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520247505
eISBN:
9780520942615
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520247505.003.0022
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

In 1999, deCODE Genetics printed a “code of ethics” written by “a group of deCODE employees,” with the Ethics Institute of the University of Iceland listed as “Advisors.” No people were listed, just ... More


Working at High Speed

Frederic Lawrence Holmes

in Meselson, Stahl, and the Replication of DNA: A History of "The Most Beautiful Experiment in Biology"

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300085402
eISBN:
9780300129663
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300085402.003.0008
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter focuses on Robert Sinsheimer's intention to remind his colleagues that their “hard-won recognition of the role of DNA” had brought them only to the beginning of a “new era in genetics ... More


Chimeras and Consciousness: Evolution of the Sensory Self

Lynn Margulis, Celeste A. Asikainen, and Wolfgang E. Krumbein (eds)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015394
eISBN:
9780262312462
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015394.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This book begins the inquiry into the evolution of the collective sensitivities of life. Chapters trace the emergence and evolution of consciousness. Complex behaviors and the social imperatives of ... More


Physico-chemical gradients and extremes

Jill Lancaster and Barbara J. Downes

in Aquatic Entomology

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199573219
eISBN:
9780191774850
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199573219.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter discusses how insects are affected by temperature variations and extremes, and the different adaptations that allow some independence of ambient temperatures (behavioural and ... More


Life Atomic: A History of Radioisotopes in Science and Medicine

Angela N. H. Creager

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780226017808
eISBN:
9780226017945
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226017945.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

After World War II, the U.S. Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) began mass-producing radioisotopes in its Oak Ridge reactor, sending out nearly 64,000 shipments of radioactive materials to scientists and ... More


Unusual Suspects

Philippe Grandjean

in Only One Chance: How Environmental Pollution Impairs Brain Development -- and How to Protect the Brains of the Next Generation

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199985388
eISBN:
9780199346233
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199985388.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Pesticides are often designed to interfere with the functions of the nervous system in pests, such as insects. But the brain biochemistry is similar in humans, and pesticide exposure can therefore ... More


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