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Developing and Validating Rapid Assessment Instruments

Neil Abell, David W. Springer, and Akihito Kamata

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195333367
eISBN:
9780199864300
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195333367.001.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

This book provides an overview of scale and test development. From conceptualization through design, data collection, analysis, and interpretation, critical concerns are identified and grounded in ... More


The Curse of the Self: Self-Awareness, Egotism, and the Quality of Human Life

Mark R. Leary

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195172423
eISBN:
9780199786756
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195172423.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Human beings are unique in their ability to think consciously about themselves. Because they have a capacity for self-awareness not shared by other animals, people can imagine themselves in the ... More


The Psychology of Judicial Decision Making

David E. Klein and Gregory Mitchell (eds)

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195367584
eISBN:
9780199776917
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195367584.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Forensic Psychology

This volume of essays examines the psychological processes that underlie judicial decision making. Chapters in the first section of the book take as their starting point the fact that judges make ... More


The Political Economy of Labour Market Institutions

Gilles Saint-Paul

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198293323
eISBN:
9780191596841
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198293321.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

Most economists think that unemployment is high in Europe because of rigid labour market institutions such as minimum wages, unemployment benefits, and employment protection. The book develops a ... More


Racial Stigma: Toward a New Paradigm for Discrimination Theory

Glenn C. Loury

in Understanding Poverty

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195305197
eISBN:
9780199783519
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195305191.003.0027
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This essay examines interconnections between “race” and economic inequality in the United States, focusing on the case of African Americans. It is crucially important to distinguish between racial ... More


Ideology, Psychology, and Law

Jon Hanson (ed.)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199737512
eISBN:
9780199918638
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199737512.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Formally, the law purports to be based solely in reasoned analysis, devoid of ideological bias or unconscious influences. Judges claim to act as umpires applying the rules, not making them. They ... More


United States

Mark J. Joe

in Political Determinants of Corporate Governance: Political Context, Corporate Impact

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199205301
eISBN:
9780191695612
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199205301.003.0014
Subject:
Business and Management, Corporate Governance and Accountability, Business History

In the United States, the absence of social democracy made ownership separation easier than it was anywhere else, as pro-shareholder institutions, while not every bit as strong as shareholders would ... More


The Role of Agriculture in Development

Mukesh Eswaran and Ashok Kotwal

in Understanding Poverty

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195305197
eISBN:
9780199783519
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195305191.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

As countries develop, their labor force shifts from agriculture to industry and services, and in the process, the well-being of the people improves. This essay sheds some light on the economic logic ... More


THE DILEMMA AS REGARDS PERSONAL NEUTRALITY

Ingmar Persson

in The Retreat of Reason: A dilemma in the philosophy of life

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199276905
eISBN:
9780191603198
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199276900.003.0030
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter sets out the second dilemma or conflict between the rationalist aim of having rational attitudes and the satisfactionalist aim of fulfilment-maximization. Since it has been found that ... More


How to De-Bias Valuation Over the Cycle

Han Smit and Thras Moraitis

in Playing at Acquisitions: Behavioral Option Games

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691140001
eISBN:
9781400852178
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691140001.003.0002
Subject:
Business and Management, Knowledge Management

It is puzzling to note that while companies seem to rush into acquisitions during global economic booms—even when they are aware of the dangers of overpaying—they appear to lose all interest in ... More


 Observing Possession

Emma Cohen

in The Mind Possessed: The Cognition of Spirit Possession in an Afro-Brazilian Religious Tradition

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195323351
eISBN:
9780199785575
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195323351.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, World Religions

Chapter 7 addresses the social cognition of possession activities. Some researchers have noted that possession observation is often characterised by ambiguity, contradiction, and inconsistency. This ... More


The United Kingdom: Plurality Rule Under Siege

Paul Mitchell

in The Politics of Electoral Systems

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199257560
eISBN:
9780191603280
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199257566.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

‘Times they are a-changing . . .’ is at the source of the Westminster model. Or are they? Electoral reformers are still trying to replace Britain’s single-member plurality electoral system with some ... More


Sacrifice and Purity: The Twisted Fortunes of Related Ritual Structures

Jonathan Klawans

in Purity, Sacrifice, and the Temple: Symbolism and Supersessionism in the Study of Ancient Judaism

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195162639
eISBN:
9780199785254
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195162639.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter reviews theories of sacrifice and interpretations of purity, finding disparities in the ways in which they have been understood by scholarship in recent times. It argues that three ... More


Representing the Median Voter

Michael D. McDonald and Ian Budge

in Elections, Parties, Democracy: Conferring the Median Mandate

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199286720
eISBN:
9780191603327
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199286728.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter performs a static analysis of correspondences between median voter, Parliamentary median, and government preferences by individual government and election. Distortions are widespread but ... More


Feminism

Jacqui True

in International Society and its Critics

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199265206
eISBN:
9780191601866
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199265208.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Starts by asking where women are in international society. While observing the absence of women from theories of international society, it argues that women are nonetheless present as actors in ... More


The Press Effect: Politicians, Journalists, and the Stories that Shape the Political World

Kathleen Hall Jamieson and Paul Waldman

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195152777
eISBN:
9780199833900
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195152778.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

What Americans know, understand, and believe about the world of politics is the product of a negotiation between journalists and political actors. The news is primarily shaped not by a liberal or ... More


The Great Victorian Realignment

Iain McLean

in Rational Choice and British Politics: An Analysis of Rhetoric and Manipulation from Peel to Blair

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198295297
eISBN:
9780191599873
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198295294.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

A case study of the great Victorian electoral realignment. Corrects existing claims about landslide elections, and tabulates the bias and responsiveness of the UK electoral system from 1868 to 1918. ... More


Social Justice and Public Equality

Thomas Christiano

in The Constitution of Equality: Democratic Authority and Its Limits

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780198297475
eISBN:
9780191716867
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198297475.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Political Theory

This chapter argues that social justice requires that equality be publicly realized. Social justice is realized in social and political institutions that attempt to establish justice. It requires ... More


Systemic Failure, Coordination, and Contingencies: Understanding Electoral System Change in New Zealand

Jack Vowles

in To Keep or To Change First Past The Post?: The Politics of Electoral Reform

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199539390
eISBN:
9780191715761
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199539390.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Political Economy

There are two interpretations of electoral system change in New Zealand; one, that it was a result of social and political changes generating a ‘systemic failure’ of the former ... More


The Press as Custodian of Fact

Kathleen Hall Jamieson and Paul Waldman

in The Press Effect: Politicians, Journalists, and the Stories that Shape the Political World

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195152777
eISBN:
9780199833900
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195152778.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

The custodianship of fact should be the role that undergirds journalism. All too often, reporters allow the frames of their stories to shape the facts, instead of the other way around. The press has ... More


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