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Spectator Theory

D. D. Raphael

in The Impartial Spectator: Adam Smith's Moral Philosophy

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199213337
eISBN:
9780191707544
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213337.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Explanation of moral judgement in terms of the feelings of spectators is found in Hutcheson and Hume as well as in Adam Smith. Smith's theory marks an advance on the other two.


Self‐Love and the Vices of Self‐Preference

Robert Merrihew Adams

in A Theory of Virtue: Excellence in Being for the Good

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199207510
eISBN:
9780191708824
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207510.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Excellence in caring for one's own good had a central place in ancient thought about virtue, but modern ethical thought has often been reluctant to regard it as a moral virtue at all. This chapter ... More


Do the Virtues All Imply Each Other?

Robert Merrihew Adams

in A Theory of Virtue: Excellence in Being for the Good

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199207510
eISBN:
9780191708824
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207510.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter defends the fragmentariness of virtue suggested in Chapter 8 against the ancient thesis of the unity of the virtues, which holds that one cannot have any virtue without having all of ... More


The Cardinal Virtues

D. D. Raphael

in The Impartial Spectator: Adam Smith's Moral Philosophy

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199213337
eISBN:
9780191707544
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213337.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

The cardinal virtues for Smith are prudence, justice, beneficence, and self‐command. Prudence is given a lower status than the other three. Self‐command is highlighted and shows the influence on ... More


Strategic Analysis

Russell Hardin

in David Hume: Moral and Political Theorist

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199232567
eISBN:
9780191715976
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199232567.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter addresses the strategic categories of the problems typically faced in moral and political choice. It is argued that while Hume's discussion of artificial virtues is well understood by ... More


The Liberation of Missionary Evangelicalism

Amanda Porterfield

in The Transformation of American Religion: The Story of a Late-Twentieth-Century Awakening

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195131376
eISBN:
9780199834570
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195131371.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

American enthusiasm for individual religious experience has often resulted in missionary outreach and social reform. Focusing on the Reformed Protestant tradition that helped shape American culture, ... More


Conclusion: Oeconomy and the Reproduction of Patriarchy

Karen Harvey

in The Little Republic: Masculinity and Domestic Authority in Eighteenth-Century Britain

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199533848
eISBN:
9780191740978
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199533848.003.0006
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Cultural History

This concluding chapter examines the wider implications of oeconomy as a model and practice of domestic patriarchy. It explores middling‐sort men's efforts in ensuring that these practices were ... More


Love's Mercifulness

M. Jamie Ferreira

in Love's Grateful Striving: A Commentary on Kierkegaard's Works of Love

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195130256
eISBN:
9780199834181
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195130251.003.0014
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

The obligation to be merciful applies to poor and rich alike since mercy is distinguished from financial generosity. Material benevolence on the part of those who are well‐off is assumed – here the ... More


Intimations of an Environmental Ethic in the Writings of Jonathan Edwards

John Gatta

in Making Nature Sacred: Literature, Religion, and the Environment in America from the Puritans to the Present

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780195165050
eISBN:
9780199835140
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195165055.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Literature

Although the renowned Calvinist divine Jonathan Edwards scarcely fits the conventional image of a nature writer, his work embodies a theology of Creation that has important implications for ... More


The Divine Providence of Slavery and Freedom

John Saillant

in Black Puritan, Black Republican: The Life and Thought of Lemuel Haynes, 1753-1833

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195157178
eISBN:
9780199834617
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195157176.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

Lemuel Haynes was schooled in the New Divinity, the Calvinist theology of the students of Jonathan Edwards. Haynes declared himself a follower of Samuel Hopkins, the leading interpreter of Edwardsean ... More


Philosophers and the Benevolence of the Greek Gods

Jon D. Mikalson

in Greek Popular Religion in Greek Philosophy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199577835
eISBN:
9780191723063
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199577835.003.0007
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Greek, Roman, and Early Christian Philosophy

It is argued in this chapter that Plato's claim that the gods are good and are responsible only for the good in human life, never for the evil, is almost universally accepted in the philosophical ... More


Parenthood and Public Identity: Symbolic Parents

Joanne Bailey

in Parenting in England 1760-1830: Emotion, Identity, and Generation

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199565191
eISBN:
9780191740664
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199565191.003.0005
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History, Family History

This chapter discusses the ways in which parenthood was central to a number of Georgian societal and national concerns, such as population, consumption, and poverty. Commentators invoked parenthood ... More


The Spirit of Governance

WILLIAM DUSINBERRE

in Slavemaster President: The Double Career of James Polk

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195326031
eISBN:
9780199868308
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326031.003.0007
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

Several instances of relatively benevolent conduct toward slaves, directed usually toward a house servant, a skilled artisan, a “family slave,” or a mixed-race person, can be discovered in the Polk ... More


Social and Political Laws

Athol Fitzgibbons

in Adam Smith's System of Liberty, Wealth, and Virtue: The Moral and Political Foundations of The Wealth of Nations

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198292883
eISBN:
9780191596247
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198292880.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

Explains that Smith's theory of jurisprudence was derived from the principle of impartiality as perceived by an impartial spectator. It points out that for scientific reasons Smith elevated justice ... More


The Classical Heritage in Adam Smith's Ethics

Gloria Vivenza

in Adam Smith and the Classics: The Classical Heritage in Adam Smith's Thought

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198296669
eISBN:
9780191597008
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198296665.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

Deals with Smith's moral philosophy and singles out the influences of the main classical philosophies on Smith's treatise. There are clearly recognizable echoes from Greek philosophy (Plato and ... More


Larger Themes

Daniel Schwartz

in Aquinas on Friendship

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199205394
eISBN:
9780191709265
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199205394.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This chapter begins with a discussion of Thomas Aquinas' views on friendship. For him, friendship is the paradigm ideal for the relationships that rational beings should cultivate. The set of ... More


The Never to Be Forgotten Hutcheson

Ian Simpson Ross

in The Life of Adam Smith

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198288213
eISBN:
9780191596827
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198288212.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

Smith's university studies at Glasgow are described: in Greek, introducing him to the Stoic philosopher Epictetus; Aristotelian logic and metaphysics, including Locke's empiricism; and Euclidian ... More


Trust and Knowledge Sharing: A Critical Combination

Daniel Z. Levin, Rob Cross, Lisa C. Abrams, and Eric L. Lesser

in Creating Value with Knowledge: Insights from the IBM Institute for Business Value

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2005
ISBN:
9780195165128
eISBN:
9780199835751
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195165128.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This chapter focuses on the importance of trust in supporting effective knowledge sharing, highlighting the importance of both competence and benevolence in developing trustworthy relationships with ... More


Justice, Whether a Natural or Artificial Virtue?

Jonathan Harrison

in Hume's Theory of Justice

Published in print:
1980
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198246190
eISBN:
9780191680946
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198246190.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter discusses the following: (1) Meaning of Hume's view that when we praise actions we regard only the motives that produced them. (2) Difficulties with this view. (3) Hume's view that there ... More


Moral Philosophy and Civil Society: Ethics and Self-Love  

Andrew Stewart Skinner

in A System of Social Science: Papers Relating to Adam Smith

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198233343
eISBN:
9780191678974
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198233343.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

There is a certain elegance and ingenuity about the argument of The Theory of Moral Sentiments which is nowhere more obvious than in the way in which Adam Smith made allowances for certain features ... More


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