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Spectator Theory

D. D. Raphael

in The Impartial Spectator: Adam Smith's Moral Philosophy

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199213337
eISBN:
9780191707544
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213337.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Explanation of moral judgement in terms of the feelings of spectators is found in Hutcheson and Hume as well as in Adam Smith. Smith's theory marks an advance on the other two.


Self‐Love and the Vices of Self‐Preference

Robert Merrihew Adams

in A Theory of Virtue: Excellence in Being for the Good

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199207510
eISBN:
9780191708824
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207510.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Excellence in caring for one's own good had a central place in ancient thought about virtue, but modern ethical thought has often been reluctant to regard it as a moral virtue at all. This chapter ... More


Do the Virtues All Imply Each Other?

Robert Merrihew Adams

in A Theory of Virtue: Excellence in Being for the Good

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199207510
eISBN:
9780191708824
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207510.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter defends the fragmentariness of virtue suggested in Chapter 8 against the ancient thesis of the unity of the virtues, which holds that one cannot have any virtue without having all of ... More


The Cardinal Virtues

D. D. Raphael

in The Impartial Spectator: Adam Smith's Moral Philosophy

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199213337
eISBN:
9780191707544
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213337.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

The cardinal virtues for Smith are prudence, justice, beneficence, and self‐command. Prudence is given a lower status than the other three. Self‐command is highlighted and shows the influence on ... More


Strategic Analysis

Russell Hardin

in David Hume: Moral and Political Theorist

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199232567
eISBN:
9780191715976
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199232567.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter addresses the strategic categories of the problems typically faced in moral and political choice. It is argued that while Hume's discussion of artificial virtues is well understood by ... More


The Liberation of Missionary Evangelicalism

Amanda Porterfield

in The Transformation of American Religion: The Story of a Late-Twentieth-Century Awakening

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195131376
eISBN:
9780199834570
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195131371.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

American enthusiasm for individual religious experience has often resulted in missionary outreach and social reform. Focusing on the Reformed Protestant tradition that helped shape American culture, ... More


Conclusion: Oeconomy and the Reproduction of Patriarchy

Karen Harvey

in The Little Republic: Masculinity and Domestic Authority in Eighteenth-Century Britain

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199533848
eISBN:
9780191740978
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199533848.003.0006
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Cultural History

This concluding chapter examines the wider implications of oeconomy as a model and practice of domestic patriarchy. It explores middling‐sort men's efforts in ensuring that these practices were ... More


Love's Mercifulness

M. Jamie Ferreira

in Love's Grateful Striving: A Commentary on Kierkegaard's Works of Love

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195130256
eISBN:
9780199834181
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195130251.003.0014
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

The obligation to be merciful applies to poor and rich alike since mercy is distinguished from financial generosity. Material benevolence on the part of those who are well‐off is assumed – here the ... More


Intimations of an Environmental Ethic in the Writings of Jonathan Edwards

John Gatta

in Making Nature Sacred: Literature, Religion, and the Environment in America from the Puritans to the Present

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780195165050
eISBN:
9780199835140
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195165055.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Literature

Although the renowned Calvinist divine Jonathan Edwards scarcely fits the conventional image of a nature writer, his work embodies a theology of Creation that has important implications for ... More


The Divine Providence of Slavery and Freedom

John Saillant

in Black Puritan, Black Republican: The Life and Thought of Lemuel Haynes, 1753-1833

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195157178
eISBN:
9780199834617
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195157176.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

Lemuel Haynes was schooled in the New Divinity, the Calvinist theology of the students of Jonathan Edwards. Haynes declared himself a follower of Samuel Hopkins, the leading interpreter of Edwardsean ... More


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