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Globalizing Justice: The Ethics of Poverty and Power

Richard W. Miller

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199581986
eISBN:
9780191723247
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199581986.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

The claim that people in developed countries have vast, unmet obligations to help people in developing countries is usually based on duties of kindness or a global extrapolation of justice among ... More


Procreation and Parenthood: The Ethics of Bearing and Rearing Children

David Archard and David Benatar (eds)

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199590704
eISBN:
9780191595547
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199590704.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The book offers new and original chapters on the ethics of procreation and parenthood. The introduction provides an overview of the current debates in this area. In his chapter, Tim Bayne evaluates ... More


Self-Governance and Cooperation

Robert H. Myers

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199256594
eISBN:
9780191698316
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199256594.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This book presents an original moral theory which charts a course between the extremes of consequentialism and contractualism. It puts forward a radically new case for the existence of both ... More


Sustaining Markets, Establishing Well-Being, and Promoting Social Virtue for Transformational Tipping Points1

Tim O’Riordan

in Addressing Tipping Points for a Precarious Future

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780197265536
eISBN:
9780191760327
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265536.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

This chapter looks at the evolving links between markets, citizens, and politics. It offers the scope for virtue, for beneficence, and for responsibility for the future in both market and human ... More


Moral Entanglements: The Ancillary-Care Obligations of Medical Researchers

Henry S. Richardson

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780195388930
eISBN:
9780199979196
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388930.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Interacting innocently with others, we can become morally entangled with their affairs, despite neither party having intended this. This route to obligation—underexplored by moral philosophers—is of ... More


Human Welfare and Moral Worth: Kantian Perspectives

Thomas E. Hill, Jr.

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199252633
eISBN:
9780191597695
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199252637.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The essays in this collection interpret and develop Kant's ideas on ethics. The first part of the book focuses on basic concepts: a priori method, good will, categorical imperatives, autonomy, and ... More


 Principlism

Bernard Gert, Charles M. Culver, and K. Danner Clouser

in Bioethics: A systematic approach

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195159066
eISBN:
9780199786466
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195159063.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter compares an account of common morality with the account of morality presented by Beauchamp and Childress in their book, The Principles of Biomedical Ethics. It offers a general critique ... More


Kantian Value, Beneficence, and Consequentialism

Richard Dean

in The Value of Humanity in Kant's Moral Theory

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199285723
eISBN:
9780191603938
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199285721.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

In order to properly understand the duties that Kant thinks follow from the humanity formulation, it is important to keep Kant’s conception of value firmly in mind. If one fails to take account of ... More


Virtue

D. D. Raphael

in The Impartial Spectator: Adam Smith's Moral Philosophy

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199213337
eISBN:
9780191707544
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213337.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Smith's theory of the nature of virtue comes mainly in the new part added to the sixth edition. It concludes that virtue is a form of propriety, a vague notion, disappointingly thin as compared with ... More


The Cardinal Virtues

D. D. Raphael

in The Impartial Spectator: Adam Smith's Moral Philosophy

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199213337
eISBN:
9780191707544
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213337.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

The cardinal virtues for Smith are prudence, justice, beneficence, and self‐command. Prudence is given a lower status than the other three. Self‐command is highlighted and shows the influence on ... More


Egypt

Antony Black

in A World History of Ancient Political Thought

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199281695
eISBN:
9780191713101
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199281695.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Authority lay with the individual king (pharaoh), who was closely identified with god as the agent through whom nature and the people prosper. He was their shepherd; without a pharaoh there would be ... More


Martin Bucer: Christological Readings through Historical Exegesis

G. Sujin Pak

in The Judaizing Calvin: Sixteenth-Century Debates over the Messianic Psalms

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195371925
eISBN:
9780199870981
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195371925.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Church History

Chapter 3 demonstrates Martin Bucer's use of historical exegesis to provide readings of these eight messianic Psalms in reference to Christ and the church. The author argues that Bucer remains in ... More


Kindness and Its Limits

Richard W. Miller

in Globalizing Justice: The Ethics of Poverty and Power

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199581986
eISBN:
9780191723247
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199581986.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter confronts Peter Singer's enormously influential argument for giving up all luxuries and frills to aid the global poor, an argument based on the appealing principle that one ought to be ... More


Governmental Intervention in and Punishment for the Use of Spiritual Healing Methods

Catharine Cookson

in Regulating Religion: The Courts and the Free Exercise Clause

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195129441
eISBN:
9780199834105
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019512944X.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

The use of spiritual healing methods by parents to heal their children presents a hard free exercise case, and this chapter examines several of these key cases from the nineteenth and twentieth ... More


Climate Change and the Moral Agent: Individual Duties in an Interdependent World

Elizabeth Cripps

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199665655
eISBN:
9780191753039
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199665655.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

Global climate change challenges standard theories of moral accountability. Many of us take it for granted that we ought to cooperate to tackle it, but where does this requirement come from? Climate ... More


Kantian Normative Ethics

Thomas E. Hill Jr.

in Virtue, Rules, and Justice: Kantian Aspirations

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199692002
eISBN:
9780191741241
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199692002.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

Kant’s formulations of the Categorical Imperative express basic requirements to universalize our maxims, respect humanity as an end in itself, and conform to the more specific moral principles that ... More


Giving Well: The Ethics of Philanthropy

Patricia Illingworth, Thomas Pogge, and Leif Wenar (eds)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199739073
eISBN:
9780199855872
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199739073.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

As long as large segments of humanity are suffering chronic poverty and dying from treatable diseases, organized giving can save or enhance millions of lives. With the law providing little guidance, ... More


Liberality and Benevolence (NE IV.1)

Howard J. Curzer

in Aristotle and the Virtues

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199693726
eISBN:
9780191738890
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199693726.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Contrary to popular belief, liberality does not concern all aspects of money-management: it concerns only the making of donations to others. Accepting gifts, earning, and spending are governed by ... More


Larger Themes

Daniel Schwartz

in Aquinas on Friendship

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199205394
eISBN:
9780191709265
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199205394.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This chapter begins with a discussion of Thomas Aquinas' views on friendship. For him, friendship is the paradigm ideal for the relationships that rational beings should cultivate. The set of ... More


Obligations of Justice and Beneficence to Aid the Severely Poor

Elizabeth Ashford

in Giving Well: The Ethics of Philanthropy

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199739073
eISBN:
9780199855872
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199739073.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter takes a close look at Peter Singer's argument that we have individual obligations to help those suffering from chronic severe poverty. The chapter compares Singer's drowning child ... More


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