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Free Will and Modern Science

Richard Swinburne (ed.)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780197264898
eISBN:
9780191754074
Item type:
book
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264898.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Do humans have a free choice of which actions to perform? Three recent developments of modern science can help us to answer this question. First, new investigative tools have enabled us to study the ... More


Psychological Capital: Developing the Human Competitive Edge

Fred Luthans, Carolyn M. Youssef, and Bruce J. Avolio

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195187526
eISBN:
9780199789863
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195187526.001.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies

This book draws from a foundation of positive psychology and recently emerging positive organizational behavior (POB). Its purpose is to introduce the untapped human resource capacity of ... More


Viral Fitness: The Next SARS and West Nile in the Making

Jaap Goudsmit

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195130348
eISBN:
9780199790166
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195130348.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Microbiology

Rarely have humans been as threatened by viruses as they are today. It almost seems as if a virus invasion is taking place. Viruses have lately been coming out of nowhere and appearing in the ... More


Inverse Eigenvalue Problems: Theory, Algorithms, and Applications

Moody Chu and Gene Golub

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198566649
eISBN:
9780191718021
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566649.001.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, Applied Mathematics

The basic goal of an inverse eigenvalue problem is to reconstruct the physical parameters of a certain system from the knowledge or desire of its dynamical behavior. Depending on the application, ... More


Neuromotor Mechanisms in Human Communication

Doreen Kimura

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195054927
eISBN:
9780199872268
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195054927.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology

Using two decades worth of research with patients who have experienced pathology in one hemisphere of the brain, this book deals with brain mechanisms in human communicative behavior, and with ... More


An Enthusiasm for Orchids: Sex and Deception in Plant Evolution

John Alcock

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195182743
eISBN:
9780199790005
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195182743.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This book reviews a variety of evolutionary themes and uses the small terrestrial orchids of Australia to introduce and illustrate these themes. Among the topics explored are the competing ideas of ... More


General Introduction

Stephen G. Post

in Altruism and Health: Perspectives from Empirical Research

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195182910
eISBN:
9780199786794
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195182910.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Health Psychology

This introductory chapter begins by defining the term altruism. Altruism, for the purposes of this volume, refers to a fundamental orientation of the agent that is primarily ‘other-regarding’, in ... More


The School Tradition of the Old Testament: The Bampton Lectures for 1994

E. W. Heaton

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780198263623
eISBN:
9780191601156
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198263627.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

The books of the Old Testament are often thought of as being remote and ‘primitive’. In fact, they were written by thoroughly learned men, educated in the traditional schools of ancient Israel. This ... More


Theological Incorrectness: Why Religious People Believe What They Shouldn't

D. Jason Slone

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780195169263
eISBN:
9780199835256
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195169263.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This book analyzes the concept of theological incorrectness, namely, why people believe what they shouldn’t? It takes off from Justin Barrett’s notion of “theological correctness”, which contends ... More


The Psychology of Judicial Decision Making

David E. Klein and Gregory Mitchell (eds)

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195367584
eISBN:
9780199776917
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195367584.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Forensic Psychology

This volume of essays examines the psychological processes that underlie judicial decision making. Chapters in the first section of the book take as their starting point the fact that judges make ... More


Network Epidemiology: A Handbook for Survey Design and Data Collection

Martina Morris (ed.)

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199269013
eISBN:
9780191601330
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199269017.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

For epidemiologists and public health professionals, the global epidemic of HIV/AIDS has provoked a fundamental re-examination of infectious disease prevention and the research needed to support it. ... More


A Responsible Egalitarianism

Andrew Mason

in Levelling the Playing Field: The Idea of Equal Opportunity and its Place in Egalitarian Thought

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199264414
eISBN:
9780191718489
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199264414.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter explores this form of egalitarianism further by asking when justice requires us to hold people responsible for their behaviour by requiring them to bear its costs. Some maintain that ... More


conclusion: Religion Rethought

D. Jason Slone

in Theological Incorrectness: Why Religious People Believe What They Shouldn't

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780195169263
eISBN:
9780199835256
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195169263.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

People believe what they shouldn’t because they have active minds that are continuously engaged in the construction of novel thoughts, and in the transformation of culturally transmitted ideas. The ... More


Children and Magic

Eugene Subbotsky

in Magic and the Mind: Mechanisms, Functions, and Development of Magical Thinking and Behavior

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195393873
eISBN:
9780199776979
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393873.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

In Chapter 2 (“Children and Magic”), various issues of magical beliefs in children are discussed. It starts with a brief analysis of Piaget's famous description of magical reasoning in children. It ... More


Two Jokes Explained

C. B. Martin

in The Mind in Nature

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199234103
eISBN:
9780191715570
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199234103.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter begins with a discussion of the private world problem, and argues that with or without sensations, the spectre of the ‘private world’ arises equally, so sensations are not the problem if ... More


Emotion Explained

Edmund T. Rolls

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198570035
eISBN:
9780191693793
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570035.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

The book links the analysis of the brain mechanisms of emotion and motivation to the wider context of what emotions are, what their functions are, how emotions evolved, and the larger issue of why ... More


The Intelligent Movement Machine: An Ethological Perspective on the Primate Motor System

Michael Graziano

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195326703
eISBN:
9780199864867
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326703.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems, Behavioral Neuroscience

This book offers a fundamental new theory of motor cortex organization: the rendering of the movement repertoire onto the cortex. The action repertoire of an animal is highly dimensional, whereas the ... More


Functional Behavioral Assessment: A Three-Tiered Prevention Model

Kevin J. Filter and Michelle E. Alvarez

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199764938
eISBN:
9780199918935
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199764938.001.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families

Functional behavioral assessment (FBA) is an important element in developing effective behavior interventions in schools. By understanding how the environment predicts and maintains problem behavior, ... More


Crystallography of the Polymethylene Chain: An Inquiry into the Structure of Waxes

Douglas L. Dorset

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198529088
eISBN:
9780191712838
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198529088.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography

This book describes the solid state behaviour of organic materials based the polymethylene chain, i.e., the functional molecular component of polyethylenes, soaps, detergents, edible fats, lipids, ... More


Clinical Social Work Practice: A Cognitive-Integrative Perspective

Sharon B. Berlin

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195110371
eISBN:
9780199865680
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195110371.001.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Health and Mental Health

This is a book about how people change their minds and how mental health practitioners can help this process along. It addresses a gap in the literature on cognitive therapy that results from an ... More


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