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Bee Pollination in Agricultural Ecosystems

Rosalind James and Theresa L. Pitts-Singer (eds)

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195316957
eISBN:
9780199871575
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195316957.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

Bees play a vital role as pollinators for many agricultural crops. This book discusses the interplay between bees, agriculture, and the environment. Although honey bees are well recognized as ... More


The Problem of Disease When Domesticating Bees

Rosalind R. James

in Bee Pollination in Agricultural Ecosystems

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195316957
eISBN:
9780199871575
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195316957.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

When disease strikes a hive of bees, it can devastate the colony and spread to the entire beekeeping operation. All bees are susceptible to diseases, and when they are domesticated, their population ... More


Environmental Impact of Exotic Bees Introduced for Crop Pollination

Carlos H. Vergara

in Bee Pollination in Agricultural Ecosystems

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195316957
eISBN:
9780199871575
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195316957.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

This chapter reviews currently available information on the success of introduced pollinators, their effects on native ecosystems, and examines the viability of using native pollinators to prevent ... More


Crop Pollination Services From Wild Bees

Claire Kremen

in Bee Pollination in Agricultural Ecosystems

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195316957
eISBN:
9780199871575
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195316957.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

Historically, farmers obtained pollination services from wild, unmanaged bees or made habitat modifications to attract them. Today, agriculture demands the use of managed bees, usually honey bees, ... More


The Future of Agricultural Pollination

Rosalind R. James and Theresa L. Pitts-Singer

in Bee Pollination in Agricultural Ecosystems

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195316957
eISBN:
9780199871575
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195316957.003.0013
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

This chapter summarizes how agricultural production and bees are inter-dependent. Honey bees are the most commonly used agricultural pollinators in the world, but are threatened by an increasing ... More


Bees in Nature and on the Farm

Theresa L. Pitts-Singer and Rosalind R. James

in Bee Pollination in Agricultural Ecosystems

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195316957
eISBN:
9780199871575
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195316957.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

This chapter introduces the natural history and evolution of bees, why bees are important for pollination, and why plants are important to bees. It presents the intent of the book and a summary of ... More


Crop Pollination in Greenhouses

José M. Guerra-Sanz

in Bee Pollination in Agricultural Ecosystems

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195316957
eISBN:
9780199871575
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195316957.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

This chapter describes the need for pollination in greenhouses due to its special agro-ecological conditions and unique constraints. The advantages that greenhouses hold for both achieving ... More


Honey Bees, Bumble Bees, and Biocontrol: New Alliances Between Old Friends

Peter G. Kevan, Jean-Pierre Kapongo, Mohammad Al-mazra'awi, and Les Shipp

in Bee Pollination in Agricultural Ecosystems

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195316957
eISBN:
9780199871575
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195316957.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

Pollinator Biocontrol Vector Technology is a novel application strategy using bees for the delivery of microbial control agents. This technology has been demonstrated for the control of seed set in ... More


Past and Present Management of Alfalfa Bees

Theresa L. Pitts-Singer

in Bee Pollination in Agricultural Ecosystems

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195316957
eISBN:
9780199871575
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195316957.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

There is a long history of the use of alfalfa by humans, including the intentional introduction of this forage crop from Eurasia to other continents. For producing alfalfa seeds, the management ... More


Estimating the Potential for Bee-Mediated Gene Flow in Genetically Modified Crops

James E. Cresswell

in Bee Pollination in Agricultural Ecosystems

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195316957
eISBN:
9780199871575
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195316957.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

This chapter considers methods for quantifying the importance of bees in pollinating a crop and in producing field-to-field cross-pollination and gene flow. Simple theoretical models are presented ... More


Pollination and Floral Ecology

Pat Willmer

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691128610
eISBN:
9781400838943
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691128610.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This book is a comprehensive reference to all aspects of pollination biology—and the first fully up-to-date resource of its kind to appear in decades. The beautifully illustrated book describes how ... More


Pollination by Bees

Pat Willmer

in Pollination and Floral Ecology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691128610
eISBN:
9781400838943
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691128610.003.0018
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter considers pollination by bees, or melittophily. The bee flower syndrome involves flowers that have medium to long corolla tubes, often pendant, usually zygomorphic (i.e., bilaterally ... More


The Architecture of Animal Minds

Peter Carruthers

in The Architecture of the Mind

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199207077
eISBN:
9780191708909
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207077.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter argues that the minds of all animals (even honey bees) are organized around a perception/belief/desire/planning/motor-control architecture. There are also multiple modules for generating ... More


Pollinating Bees Crucial to Farming Wildflower Seed for U.S. Habitat Restoration

James H. Cane

in Bee Pollination in Agricultural Ecosystems

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195316957
eISBN:
9780199871575
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195316957.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

Federal land managers desire seed of Great Basin perennial wildflowers, mixed with grass and shrub seed, for restoration of millions of acres of sagebrush communities degraded by altered wildfire ... More


Genetically Modified Crops: Effects on Bees and Pollination

Lora A. Morandin

in Bee Pollination in Agricultural Ecosystems

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195316957
eISBN:
9780199871575
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195316957.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

Genetic modification (GM) of crops has been accompanied by concerns of environmental impact, including effects to beneficial organisms such as bees. Currently, most commercial GM crops are modified ... More


Why Pollination Is Interesting

Pat Willmer

in Pollination and Floral Ecology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691128610
eISBN:
9781400838943
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691128610.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter introduces some of the book’s central themes on animal pollination, beginning with a discussion of animals that visit flowers. At least 130,000 species of animals, and probably up to ... More


FLOWERS AND SEEDS

Ernest H. Williams

in The Nature Handbook: A Guide to Observing the Great Outdoors

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195179293
eISBN:
9780199790470
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179293.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Natural History and Field Guides

The central theme in this chapter on the reproduction of flowering plants is the tremendous diversity of reproductive mechanisms that exists to achieve pollination and to disperse seeds. The floral ... More


Will It Hurt?: Toxic Stings and Bites

Daniel Strickman, Stephen P. Frances, and Mustapha Debboun

in Prevention of Bug Bites, Stings, and Disease

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195365771
eISBN:
9780199867677
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195365771.003.0013
Subject:
Biology, Natural History and Field Guides

Unlike the bloodsucking arthropods, the venomous arthropods bite or sting humans in self‐defense. Most of the scorpions, spiders, centipedes, wasps, ants, and bees avoid people. Some species like to ... More


Enlightenment Views of Luxury

TILL WAHNBAECK

in Luxury and Public Happiness: Political Economy in the Italian Enlightenment

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199269839
eISBN:
9780191710056
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199269839.003.0003
Subject:
History, Economic History

This chapter presents the development of the European debate on luxury from Bernard Mandeville's Fable of the Bees to Adam Smith's Wealth of Nations. It notes that the debate regarding luxury did not ... More


The Book Named the Governor: Good Kingship and the Royal Supremacy

Greg Walker

in Writing Under Tyranny: English Literature and the Henrician Reformation

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199283330
eISBN:
9780191712630
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199283330.003.0009
Subject:
Literature, 16th-century and Renaissance Literature

This chapter looks at Sir Thomas Elyot’s best known work, the magisterial Boke Named the Governor, first published in 1531. It argues that the Boke, rather than being a work of merely general advice ... More


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