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Pollination by Bats

Pat Willmer

in Pollination and Floral Ecology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691128610
eISBN:
9781400838943
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691128610.003.0016
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter focuses on pollination by bats, or chiropterophily. Bats are classified as two distinct and separately evolved orders, Megachiroptera and Microchiroptera. They are primarily nocturnal, ... More


The emergence of Nipah and Hendra virus: pathogen dynamics across a wildlife-livestock-human continuum

Peter Daszak, R. K. Plowright, J. H. Epstein, J. Pulliam, S. Abdul Rahman, H. E. Field, A. Jamaluddin, S. H. Sharifah, C. S. Smith, K. J. Olival, S. Luby, K. Halpin, A. D. Hyatt, and A. A. Cunningham

in Disease Ecology: Community structure and pathogen dynamics

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198567080
eISBN:
9780191717871
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567080.003.0013
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

This chapter reviews recent research on the emergence of the Nipah and Hendra viruses, two lethal zoonotic paramyxoviruses that first emerged from fruit bat reservoirs in Malaysia in 1999 and ... More


Comparing the metabolic costs of flight

John J. Videler

in Avian Flight

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199299928
eISBN:
9780191714924
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199299928.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Ornithology

Comparisons are made using empirically determined flight costs. Flight costs and the amount of work per unit distance increase with body mass, but cost per unit weight and the dimensionless costs of ... More


Theocratic Underground Groups

Nachman Ben-Yehuda

in Theocratic Democracy: The Social Construction of Religious and Secular Extremism

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199734863
eISBN:
9780199895090
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199734863.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Between 1948-1998 there were quite a few Jewish underground groups that preached that Israel should become a Jewish theocracy – that is, run according to the Halakha, and practiced their beliefs, ... More


Bat-eared foxes: Bat-eared foxes ‘insectivory’ and luck: lessons from an extreme canid

Barbara Maas and David W. Macdonald

in The Biology and Conservation of Wild Canids

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198515562
eISBN:
9780191705632
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198515562.003.0014
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter presents a case study of bat-eared foxes in the Serengeti in order to shed light on the questions: how does their behaviour differ from that of other canids, and why? Topics discussed ... More


The World of Northern Evergreens

E. C. Pielou

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801477409
eISBN:
9780801463037
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801477409.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

Global warming and human-driven impacts from logging, natural gas drilling, mining of oil sands, and the development of hydropower increasingly threaten North America's northern forests. These ... More


Birth of a Multinational Enterprise

Howard Cox

in The Global Cigarette: Origins and Evolution of British American Tobacco, 1880-1945

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198292210
eISBN:
9780191684890
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198292210.003.0004
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History, International Business

This chapter discusses the growth of BAT Co. as a multinational cigarette company. In 1902, James Duke and other BAT Co. directors consolidated ... More


The Impact of Conflict

Howard Cox

in The Global Cigarette: Origins and Evolution of British American Tobacco, 1880-1945

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198292210
eISBN:
9780191684890
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198292210.003.0005
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History, International Business

This chapter discusses the changes in the identity and structure of BAT Co. between 1911 and the end of the First World War. The U.S. Supreme ... More


BAT in China

Howard Cox

in The Global Cigarette: Origins and Evolution of British American Tobacco, 1880-1945

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198292210
eISBN:
9780191684890
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198292210.003.0006
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History, International Business

This chapter discusses the challenges faced by BAT Co. in entering the Chinese cigarette market. The structure of the company's organization in ... More


BAT in India

Howard Cox

in The Global Cigarette: Origins and Evolution of British American Tobacco, 1880-1945

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198292210
eISBN:
9780191684890
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198292210.003.0007
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History, International Business

This chapter discusses the organization and operation of BAT Co.'s cigarette business in India. Unlike in other regions of the company's ... More


Maintaining Global Leadership

Howard Cox

in The Global Cigarette: Origins and Evolution of British American Tobacco, 1880-1945

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198292210
eISBN:
9780191684890
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198292210.003.0008
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History, International Business

This chapter discusses the success and challenges faced by BAT Co. in maintaining its global leadership in the cigarette industry during the ... More


Sir Hugo’s Empire

Howard Cox

in The Global Cigarette: Origins and Evolution of British American Tobacco, 1880-1945

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198292210
eISBN:
9780191684890
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198292210.003.0009
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History, International Business

This chapter discusses the role and contributions of Hugo Cunliffe-Owen to the success of BAT Co. as a global leader in the cigarette industry. ... More


The Global Cigarette

Howard Cox

in The Global Cigarette: Origins and Evolution of British American Tobacco, 1880-1945

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198292210
eISBN:
9780191684890
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198292210.003.0010
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History, International Business

This chapter sums up the key findings of this study concerning the origin and evolution of BAT Co. as a global cigarette company. This study ... More


Bats and Turkeys: Historians and Recovering the Millennial Past

Richard Landes

in Heaven on Earth: The Varieties of the Millennial Experience

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199753598
eISBN:
9780199897445
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199753598.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, World Religions

This chapter analyzes the dilemma of social scientists dealing with apocalyptic phenomena: anthropologists can study current movements; historians can see the long-term effects, but have difficulty ... More


An Ultrasonically Silent Night: The Tropical Dry Forest Without Bats

Richard K. LaVal

in Biodiversity Conservation in Costa Rica: Learning the Lessons in a Seasonal Dry Forest

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520223097
eISBN:
9780520937772
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520223097.003.0013
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter discusses the distribution and abundance of bats in dry forests. It discusses their importance in the maintenance of forest diversity, focusing on their role in pollination and seed ... More


Eighteen. Striking Out

Steve Swayne

in Orpheus in Manhattan: William Schuman and the Shaping of America's Musical Life

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195388527
eISBN:
9780199894345
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388527.003.0019
Subject:
Music, History, American, History, Western

Schuman had contemplated writing an opera early in his career as a composer. This chapter explores some of the projects Schuman considered, especially a partnership in 1942 with poet Christopher ... More


Help: A European public health brand in the making?

Gerard Hastings, Jo Freeman, Renata Spackova, and Pierre Siquier

in Public Health Branding: Applying marketing for social change

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199237135
eISBN:
9780191724060
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199237135.003.0005
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

HELP is the first attempt to build a pan European public health brand. This chapter analyzes its progress in terms of three key branding constructs: recognition, promise, and delivery. A mixture of ... More


Bats: From Evolution to Conservation

John D. Altringham

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199207114
eISBN:
9780191810015
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199207114.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

Bats are highly charismatic and popular animals that are not only fascinating in their own right, but illustrate most of the topical and important concepts and issues in mammalian biology. This book ... More


“Missing Links” and the Evolution of Development

Marcelo Sánchez

in Embryos in Deep Time: The Rock Record of Biological Development

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780520271937
eISBN:
9780520952300
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520271937.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Many people are accustomed to thinking of the evolution of life in terms of a ladderlike progression, with a different animal on each rung. In the case of vertebrate evolution, they may envisage a ... More


Biogeography, macroecology, community ecology, and the interactions between bats and other organisms

John D. Altringham

in Bats: From Evolution to Conservation

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199207114
eISBN:
9780191810015
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199207114.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter examines the distribution of bats and their relationship with the environment. It looks into the various species area relations (SARs) that vary with organism, ecosystem, geographical ... More


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