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Heterotrophic microbial processes in polar lakes

John E. Hobbie and Johanna Laybourn-Parry

in Polar Lakes and Rivers: Limnology of Arctic and Antarctic Aquatic Ecosystems

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199213887
eISBN:
9780191707506
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213887.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Aquatic Biology

This chapter examines the activities of heterotrophic microbes (bacteria, flagellates, and ciliated protozoans) in Antarctic continental lakes and Arctic lakes and ponds (Europe, Asia, North America, ... More


Microbial biodiversity and biogeography

David A. Pearce and Pierre E. Galand

in Polar Lakes and Rivers: Limnology of Arctic and Antarctic Aquatic Ecosystems

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199213887
eISBN:
9780191707506
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213887.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Aquatic Biology

This chapter summarizes the major groups of microorganisms found in high latitude aquatic ecosystems and the methodological approaches used to study their biodiversity. The underlying mechanisms that ... More


Trophic Interactions in Subtidal Rocky Reefs on the West Coast of South Africa

George M. Branch

in Food Webs and the Dynamics of Marine Reefs

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195319958
eISBN:
9780199869596
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195319958.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

The chapter summarizes the ecology of the subtidal reefs of South Africa. Discussions include the role of wind, productivity, and oceanographic conditions, the important role of currents and the ... More


SLAKING OUR THIRST: The Cholera Bacteria and Its Toxic Viruses

Jaap Goudsmit

in Viral Fitness: The Next SARS and West Nile in the Making

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195130348
eISBN:
9780199790166
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195130348.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Microbiology

This chapter discusses the cholera bacterium, Vibrio cholerae and its toxic viruses. The cholera bacterium causes disease and death when the infection results in a continual watery diarrhea that ... More


Community ecology meets epidemiology: the case of Lyme disease

Richard Ostfeld, Felicia Keesing, and Katheleen Lo Giudice

in Disease Ecology: Community structure and pathogen dynamics

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198567080
eISBN:
9780191717871
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567080.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

A single case of Lyme disease involves at least six species: the human patient, the bacterial pathogen, the tick vector, and a vertebrate host for each of the three blood-feeding life stages of the ... More


Molecular Evolution and Microbial Phylogeny

Jan Sapp

in Genesis: The Evolution of Biology

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195156195
eISBN:
9780199790340
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195156195.003.0018
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter discusses the development of methods by biologists for tracing life back billions of years to investigate early microbial evolution and create a universal phylogeny. These explorations ... More


Microbial, Microalgal, and Planktonic Reef Life

Charles R. C. Sheppard, Simon K. Davy, and Graham M. Pilling

in The Biology of Coral Reefs

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198566359
eISBN:
9780191713934
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566359.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology, Aquatic Biology

Microbes, including bacteria, archaea, viruses, fungi, protozoans and microalgae, are the most abundant and arguably the most important members of coral reef communities. They occur in the water ... More


Granular physics of biological objects

Igor S. Aranson and Lev S. Tsimring

in Granular Patterns

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199534418
eISBN:
9780191714665
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199534418.003.0009
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter presents an overview of patterns emerging in the various biological systems. Complex patterns in biological systems can be caused by a variety of mechanisms, from “simple” physical ... More


The Biological Basics of Infectious Disease

Margaret P. Battin, Leslie P. Francis, Jay A. Jacobson, and Charles B. Smith

in The Patient as Victim and Vector: Ethics and Infectious Disease

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195335842
eISBN:
9780199868926
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195335842.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Infectious diseases, although they vary substantially in their manifestations and causes, share certain common features that make them distinct and remarkable. These diseases can strike suddenly and ... More


The Fate of Intracellular Metal Ions in Microbes

Slade A. Loutet, Anson C. K. Chan, Marek J. Kobylarz, Meghan M. Verstraete, Stephanie Pfaffen, Bin Ye, Angel L. Arrieta, and Michael E. P. Murphy

in Trace Metals and Infectious Diseases

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262029193
eISBN:
9780262327619
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029193.003.0004
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

Metals are essential for all microorganisms; they are required as cofactors of enzymes that mediate metabolic processes which are indispensable for cellular energy production and growth. Some metals, ... More


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