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 Postscript on Civility and Barbarity in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries

Timothy Fitzgerald

in Discourse on Civility and Barbarity

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195300093
eISBN:
9780199868636
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300093.003.0010
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Literature

Ambiguities in North American debates were the result of an unresolved conflict between two logically and theologically contradictory discourses, both claiming to be about “religion.” One is of a ... More


The Die is Cast(e): The Debate on Backward Caste/Class Quotas, 1990 and 20061

ZOYA HASAN

in Diversity and Change in Modern India: Economic, Social and Political Approaches

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264515
eISBN:
9780191734403
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264515.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change

This chapter discusses the controversy generated by the United Progressive Alliance (UPA) government's decision to extend reservations for Other Backward Classes (OBCs) in higher education. It looks ... More


Uttar Pradesh: The Burden of Inertia *

Jean Drèze and Haris Gazdar

in Indian Development: Selected Regional Perspectives

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198292043
eISBN:
9780191684852
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198292043.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter discusses the problem of economic and social backwardness in Uttar Pradesh and its causal antecedents. Among these are the disastrous functioning of public services in rural areas, the ... More


Introduction

Monika Baár

in Historians and Nationalism: East-Central Europe in the Nineteenth Century

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199581184
eISBN:
9780191722806
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199581184.003.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

The introductory chapter defines the book's major aim, which lies in investigating the life‐work of five historians in comparative and transnational perspective and ascertaining their place in the ... More


City versus Countryside: The Growth of an Urban Identity and its Meanings in Canton

Virgil K.Y. Ho

in Understanding Canton: Rethinking Popular Culture in the Republican Period

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199282715
eISBN:
9780191603037
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199282714.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

The conventional belief that China has a strong anti-urban tradition is only partially true. By the early 20th century, it became clear that the city, and ‘modern’ city in particular, had replaced ... More


The Historical Regularity in Reverse

Włodzimierz Brus and Kazimierz Laski

in From Marx to the Market: Socialism in Search of an Economic System

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198283997
eISBN:
9780191596032
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198283997.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

The term ‘Real Socialism’ is used here as a value‐free designation of the area in the past (or at present as in China) under communist rule. The chapter shows the fallacy of one of the fundamental ... More


Origins

Miloš Ković

in Disraeli and the Eastern Question

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199574605
eISBN:
9780191595134
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199574605.003.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Political History

This chapter examines the process of the formation of Disraeli's initial understandings of the East and the Eastern Question. The social and political context within which the young Disraeli grew up ... More


Grounding morality

Nicholas Southwood

in Contractualism and the Foundations of Morality

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199539659
eISBN:
9780191594908
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199539659.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

The final chapter considers whether deliberative contractualism is capable of satisfying the explanatory adequacy criterion. Whereas the strategy in Chapter 6 was positive and direct, here the ... More


Introduction

Mohd. Sanjeer Alam

in Religion, Community, and Education: The Case of Rural Bihar

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198076940
eISBN:
9780199080946
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198076940.003.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Sociology of Religion

Even though India has made remarkable progress during past six decades in widening the literacy base and expanding educational opportunities, the Indian education system has been marked by glaring ... More


Religion and Educational Inequity: Past and Present

Mohd. Sanjeer Alam

in Religion, Community, and Education: The Case of Rural Bihar

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198076940
eISBN:
9780199080946
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198076940.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Sociology of Religion

This chapter brings to the fore the socio-political processes that have shaped educational development among the Muslims in both colonial and post-colonial times. It is argued in this chapter that ... More


Another Hungary: The Nineteenth-Century Provinces in Eight Lives

Robert Nemes

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780804795913
eISBN:
9780804799126
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804795913.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This book tells the story of eight men and women with deep roots in provincial Hungary. "Hungary" before the First World War meant the eastern half of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, the second largest ... More


The “Origins of Backwardness”: Obstacles to Economic Development in the 19th Century

Juan Carlos Moreno-Brid and Jaime Ros

in Development and Growth in the Mexican Economy: An Historical Perspective

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195371161
eISBN:
9780199870608
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195371161.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

Chapter 2 examines the five decades that go from Mexico's independence from Spain in the 1820s to the early 1870s, a period when there is consensus that the nation's current economic underdevelopment ... More


Was Spain Exceptional?

Tamar Herzog

in Defining Nations: Immigrants and Citizens in Early Modern Spain and Spanish America

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300092530
eISBN:
9780300129830
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300092530.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Legal History

This chapter argues that the question posed in its title involves not just an exercise in comparative history. For most of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, Spanish exceptionalism was an ... More


Creativity and Adaptation: The Preacher as Advocate of Religiously Inspired Modernity

Patrick D. Gaffney

in The Prophet's Pulpit: Islamic Preaching in Contemporary Egypt

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520084711
eISBN:
9780520914582
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520084711.003.0011
Subject:
Anthropology, Middle Eastern Cultural Anthropology

This chapter discusses another sermon, delivered on Friday, December 15, 1978, by Shaykh Uthman. There he served to demonstrate the rhetoric strategy associated with metaphor. This technique, based ... More


Kenyan medical discourse and eugenics

Chloe Campbell

in Race and Empire: Eugenics in Colonial Kenya

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719071607
eISBN:
9781781700686
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719071607.003.0003
Subject:
History, Imperialism and Colonialism

This chapter analyses the theories of predominant eugenicists. Eugenics in Kenya grew out of the theories disseminated from Britain; the application of current ideas about the transmission of innate ... More


Mystic Island

Hannah C. M. Bulloch

in In Pursuit of Progress: Narratives of Development on a Philippine Island

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780824858865
eISBN:
9780824873646
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824858865.003.0005
Subject:
Anthropology, Asian Cultural Anthropology

Throughout the Philippines, Siquijor is infamous as a realm of sorcery, witchcraft and hyperactive paranormal activity. At the same time, the island is promoted as an unspoiled haven of white beaches ... More


The Methods of Socialism

Elidor Mëhilli

in From Stalin to Mao: Albania and the Socialist World

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9781501714153
eISBN:
9781501709593
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501714153.003.0004
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter shows how Soviet inventions became an Albanian national story. It looks at the Soviet advisers who came to lift the country from poverty in the 1950s. The Soviet Union became associated ... More


Introduction

Robert Nemes

in Another Hungary: The Nineteenth-Century Provinces in Eight Lives

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780804795913
eISBN:
9780804799126
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804795913.003.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

The introduction describes the genesis of the book, establishes the historical questions it addresses, points to the answers to come, and situates this work in the historiography of Central and ... More


The Tobacconist

Robert Nemes

in Another Hungary: The Nineteenth-Century Provinces in Eight Lives

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780804795913
eISBN:
9780804799126
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804795913.003.0008
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter moves into the Hungarian countryside and looks at agriculture, the engine of the economy, albeit one that sometimes raced and sometimes sputtered and stalled. It focuses on Vilmos ... More


Race, Culture, Language, and ‘Backwardness’: Writing the Oriya ‘People’ into the Oriya ‘Nation’, 1900–20

Jayanta Sengupta

in At the Margins: Discourses of Development, Democracy, and Regionalism in Orissa

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780198099154
eISBN:
9780199085224
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198099154.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Comparative and Historical Sociology

This chapter examines the cultural politics of Oriya linguistic nationalism in the early-twentieth century by delving into Oriya print-culture and its key contribution to the making of an Oriya ... More


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