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Axon Models

W. Otto Friesen and Jonathon A. Friesen

in NeuroDynamix II: Concepts of Neurophysiology Illustrated by Computer Simulations

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195371833
eISBN:
9780199865178
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195371833.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

The Axon model simulates the equations and parameters derived from experiments by Hodgkin and Huxley on the squid giant axon. Because of the exact correspondence between the equations incorporated ... More


Equations Underlying the Axon Models

W. Otto Friesen and Jonathon A. Friesen

in NeuroDynamix II: Concepts of Neurophysiology Illustrated by Computer Simulations

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195371833
eISBN:
9780199865178
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195371833.003.0019
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

The Axon models present the fundamental concepts that underlie the generation and propagation of the nerve impulses. This chapter includes a complete list of the equations that describe the ... More


Introduction

Roger D. Roger and Miles A. Whittington

in Cortical Oscillations in Health and Disease

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195342796
eISBN:
9780199776276
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195342796.003.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems, Development

In a previous monograph, the authors described an experimental model of the 40 Hz oscillations produced in vivo by visual stimulation. The model involved tetanic stimulation of one or two sites in a ... More


Abnormal excitability in injured axons

MARSHALL DEVOR

in The Axon: Structure, Function and Pathophysiology

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195082937
eISBN:
9780199865802
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195082937.003.0027
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

This chapter discusses the abnormal excitability of injured axons. Injured axons display abnormal hyperexcitability. This is expressed in the form of abnormal sensitivity to a broad range of ... More


Morphology of central nervous system axons

ASAO HIRANO and JOSEFINA F. LLENA

in The Axon: Structure, Function and Pathophysiology

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195082937
eISBN:
9780199865802
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195082937.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

This chapter discusses the fundamental structure of the normal central myelinated axons, as revealed by transmission electron microscopy. Topics covered include the relationship between myelin and ... More


Physiology of axons

J. MURDOCH RITCHIE

in The Axon: Structure, Function and Pathophysiology

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195082937
eISBN:
9780199865802
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195082937.003.0004
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

This chapter discusses axonal physiology. Topics covered include the energetic aspects of conduction, ionic basis of the nerve impulse, conduction velocity in axons, inhomogeneity of channel ... More


The oligodendrocyte, the perinodal astrocyte, and the central node of Ranvier

JOEL A. BLACK, HARALD SONTHEIMER, YOUNGSUK OH, and STEPHEN G. WAXMAN

in The Axon: Structure, Function and Pathophysiology

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195082937
eISBN:
9780199865802
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195082937.003.0006
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

The central role of Ranvier is a complex structure involves three cellular elements: the axon, the oligodendrocyte, and the perinodal astrocyte. This chapter examines the interaction of these three ... More


Introduction

L. S. Illis

in Spinal Cord Dysfunction: Volume II: Intervention and Treatment

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780192617873
eISBN:
9780191724312
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192617873.003.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

This chapter focuses on various approaches to intervention and treatment of spinal chord dysfunction. The main research drive towards a cure for spinal injury will undoubtedly have an effect on the ... More


Interoception and Homeostasis: Lamina I Terminations at Cardiorespiratory Sites in the Brainstem

A. D. (Bud) Craig

in How Do You Feel?: An Interoceptive Moment with Your Neurobiological Self

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691156767
eISBN:
9781400852727
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691156767.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Neurobiology

This chapter examines the regions in the brainstem where the ascending lamina I axons terminate. These projection targets are all involved in homeostasis, and thus, these terminations confirm that ... More


The Relationship between Dopaminergic Axons and Glutamatergic Synapses in the Striatum: Structural Considerations

Jonathan Moss and J. Paul Bolam

in Dopamine Handbook

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195373035
eISBN:
9780199865543
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195373035.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems, History of Neuroscience

This chapter summarizes data on the anatomical substrate of the interaction between both glutamatergic corticostriatal synapses and thalamostriatal synapses with dopaminergic axons and terminals in ... More


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