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A Theory of Self

Jonardon Ganeri

in The Self: Naturalism, Consciousness, and the First-Person Stance

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199652365
eISBN:
9780191740718
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199652365.003.0019
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, History of Philosophy

In a full account of human subjectivity three distinct dimensions in the concept of self are in play, corresponding to three elements in the notion of ownership, each having a naturalistically ... More


One Variety of Self-Knowledge: Constitutivism as Constructivism *

Annalisa Coliva

in The Self and Self-Knowledge

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199590650
eISBN:
9780191741043
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199590650.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Mind

The paper presents and defends a specific variety of the constitutive account of self-knowledge of our propositional attitudes, labeled “constructivism”. It claims that such an account is suitable ... More


How to Think about Phenomenal Self-Knowledge

Paul Snowdon

in The Self and Self-Knowledge

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199590650
eISBN:
9780191741043
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199590650.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Mind

The paper attempts to analyse one sort of self knowledge, that of our phenomenal states, by engaging with Crispin Wright’s approach in his Whitehead Lectures. It is argued that his distinction ... More


Consciousness and Self-Awareness

Jane Heal

in The Self and Self-Knowledge

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199590650
eISBN:
9780191741043
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199590650.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Mind

Does being in a phenomenally conscious state give its subject non-inferential justification for explicit self-ascription of the state? A plausible and simple hypothesis says yes. But the hypothesis ... More


Speaking My Mind: Expression and Self-Knowledge

Dorit Bar-On

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2005
ISBN:
9780199276288
eISBN:
9780191602894
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199276285.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This book motivates and develops a novel view of avowals and self-knowledge that attempts to give systematic answers to standing questions concerning our ability to know our own minds. Drawing on ... More


Knowing Our Own Minds

Crispin Wright, Barry C. Smith, and Cynthia Macdonald (eds)

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199241408
eISBN:
9780191598692
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199241406.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Self‐knowledge is the focus of considerable attention from philosophers, and a topic of special relevance to a broad range of issues in epistemology, philosophy of mind, and philosophy of language. ... More


Expression, Truth, and Reality: Some Variations on Themes from Wright

Dorit Bar-On

in Mind, Meaning, and Knowledge: Themes from the Philosophy of Crispin Wright

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199278053
eISBN:
9780191745386
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199278053.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Metaphysics/Epistemology

In several writings, Crispin Wright lists expressivism among the chief ‘anti-realist paradigms’, and an unsuccessful one at that. The success of expressivism at avoiding unwanted ontological ... More


Introduction: The Special Security of Some “I” Talk

Dorit Bar-On

in Speaking My Mind: Expression and Self-Knowledge

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2005
ISBN:
9780199276288
eISBN:
9780191602894
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199276285.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

Introduces the primary problem to be dealt with in the book, namely, how to account for the special security of some first-personal ascriptions of mental states (’avowals’). Relatedly, the book aims ... More


The Epistemic Approach to Avowals' Security: Introspection and Transparency

Dorit Bar-On

in Speaking My Mind: Expression and Self-Knowledge

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2005
ISBN:
9780199276288
eISBN:
9780191602894
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199276285.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter explains and criticizes two contemporary accounts of the Epistemic Asymmetry between avowals and other empirical reports. First, the introspectionist view suggests that the security of ... More


The Distinctive Security Of Avowals: Ascriptive Immunity to Error

Dorit Bar-On

in Speaking My Mind: Expression and Self-Knowledge

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2005
ISBN:
9780199276288
eISBN:
9780191602894
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199276285.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

The author develops further the idea, introduced at the end of Ch. 5, that avowals do not involve or require a recognition of one’s own mental state. The notion of ‘ascriptive immunity to error’ is ... More


Objections and Clarifications

C. A. J. Coady

in Testimony: A Philosophical Study

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198235514
eISBN:
9780191597220
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198235518.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Considers objections that might be raised to the wide scope of the definitional sketch of testimony in the previous chapter. Beginning with some views of Thomas Reid, the chapter criticizes the idea ... More


Neo-Expressivism: Avowals' Security and Privileged Self-Knowledge

Dorit Bar-On

in Self-Knowledge

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199590728
eISBN:
9780191725456
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199590728.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter is a reply too Anthony Brueckner's critique of the Neo-Expressivist interpretation of avowals and its ramifications for the philosophical analysis of self-knowledge.


The Birth of Ethics: Reconstructing the Role and Nature of Morality

Philip Pettit

Kinch Hoekstra (ed.)

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
October 2018
ISBN:
9780190904913
eISBN:
9780190904944
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190904913.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The Birth of Ethics begins from a counterfactual world, Erewhon, where the residents are like us in various respects, including the use of natural language, but lack any sense of ethics or morality. ... More


Wittgenstein:: Ostension Makes Language Public

Chad Engelland

in Ostension: Word Learning and the Embodied Mind

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780262028097
eISBN:
9780262320610
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262028097.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter begins by examining Wittgenstein’s rejection of private languages in view of ostension. It details his adoption of Augustine’s emphasis on ostension in first word acquisition. Then it ... More


The Development of Wittgenstein's Philosophy of Psychology

P. M. S. Hacker

in Wittgenstein: Comparisons and Context

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199674824
eISBN:
9780191761287
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199674824.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter traces the development of Wittgenstein's philosophy of psychology. The Tractatus is little concerned with the subject. One can but glean what his meta-psychological commitments were from ... More


Practical Reflection

in The Practices of the Self

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226468877
eISBN:
9780226468549
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226468549.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter analyzes the concept of practical reflection in the context of the nature of the self. It describes the distinctive features of practical reflection and suggests that it is a fairly ... More


Testimony, Self-Avowal and Confession

in HIV Stories: The Archaeology of AIDS Writing in France, 1985-1988

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780853235682
eISBN:
9781846313288
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9780853235682.003.0005
Subject:
Literature, European Literature

This chapter examines two testimonial writing about AIDS in France. These are Michel Simonin's Danger de vie and the story of philosopher and journalist Jean-Paul Aron, the first French personnalité ... More


Knowledge and Belief Through the Mirror of Japanese

Takashi Iida

in Epistemology for the Rest of the World

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
October 2018
ISBN:
9780190865085
eISBN:
9780190865115
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190865085.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The author considers three Japanese verbs that may be the counterparts of the English “know” and “believe.” As verbs of thinking, they typically form mental predicates, which are sensitive to the ... More


Ground Zero

Philip Pettit

in The Birth of Ethics: Reconstructing the Role and Nature of Morality

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
October 2018
ISBN:
9780190904913
eISBN:
9780190904944
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190904913.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Ground zero is the condition in the society addressed—“Erewhon,” in a familiar acronym of “nowhere”—before the advent of moral or ethical concepts and practices. In this society, we, the inhabitants, ... More


Committing to Others

Philip Pettit

in The Birth of Ethics: Reconstructing the Role and Nature of Morality

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
October 2018
ISBN:
9780190904913
eISBN:
9780190904944
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190904913.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

We in Erewhon will have the means, the motive and the confidence to avow many of our beliefs. A means of avowing the belief that p is to assert that p, since this forecloses the misleading-mind ... More


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