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Species Selection, Clade Selection, and Macroevolution

Samir Okasha

in Evolution and the Levels of Selection

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199267972
eISBN:
9780191708275
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199267972.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter examines selection at the level of species and clades. The history of the species selection debate, including its conceptual link to the idea that species are individuals, is outlined. ... More


Coping with the Enigma of Divinity

Tony K. Stewart

in The Final Word: The Caitanya Caritamrita and the Grammar of Religious Tradition

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195392722
eISBN:
9780199777327
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195392722.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism

The pivotal role of the Caitanya caritāmṛta as community-building tool can best be understood in the context of the different beliefs it sought to hierarchize. The earliest hagiographies presented ... More


Embodied Avatars: Genealogies of Black Feminist Art and Performance

Uri McMillan

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781479802111
eISBN:
9781479865451
Item type:
book
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479802111.001.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Cultural Studies

In Embodied Avatars, Uri McMillan zeroes in on a counterintuitive claim: by performing objecthood—or transforming themselves into art objects —black women preserved their subjectivity. Tracing a ... More


Being There Together: Social Interaction in Shared Virtual Environments

Ralph Schroeder

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195371284
eISBN:
9780199865000
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195371284.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Human-Technology Interaction

Virtual environments provide places for “being there together”, for avatars to interact with each other in computer-generated spaces. They range from immersive systems in which people have life-size ... More


Avatar Bodies and Virtual Spaces

Ralph Schroeder

in Being There Together: Social Interaction in Shared Virtual Environments

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195371284
eISBN:
9780199865000
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195371284.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Human-Technology Interaction

This chapter describes the various kinds of spaces and types of avatar appearances in multi-user virtual environments. It charts how virtual worlds develop in terms of landscapes and the built ... More


Ethical and Social Issues in Multiuser Virtual Environments

Ralph Schroeder

in Being There Together: Social Interaction in Shared Virtual Environments

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195371284
eISBN:
9780199865000
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195371284.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Human-Technology Interaction

The use of multi-user virtual environments for social research raises a variety of ethical issues. Among these are the conditions under which interactions should be recorded and how information can ... More


Introduction: Performing Objects

Uri McMillan

in Embodied Avatars: Genealogies of Black Feminist Art and Performance

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781479802111
eISBN:
9781479865451
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479802111.003.0006
Subject:
Society and Culture, Cultural Studies

The introduction begins with a brief discussion of Lorraine O’Grady’s Mlle Bourgeoise Noire to discuss the risks and rewards of becoming the subject and object of art. It delineates the three key ... More


Akasaka in the High City: Born Shinto … Live Inari … Die Buddhist

Heine Steven

in Sacred High City, Sacred Low City: A Tale of Religious Sites in Two Tokyo Neighborhoods

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780195386202
eISBN:
9780199918362
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195386202.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

The third chapters examines the wide variety of shrines in Akasaka, including Sannō Hie Jinja, Toyokawa Inari, Nogi Jinja, and Hikawa Jinja, which are all dedicated to Inari, at least in part, ... More


Brands and adverworlds

Barrie Gunter

in Kids and Branding In A Digital World

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780719097874
eISBN:
9781526104359
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719097874.003.0008
Subject:
Society and Culture, Media Studies

This chapter turns attentions to the presence of brands in online virtual worlds that take the form of social communities rather than environments in which specific games are played out. While online ... More


Nation in Spiritual Quest: Aurobindo and the Gita

Nagappa K. Gowda

in The Bhagavadgita in the Nationalist Discourse

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198072065
eISBN:
9780199080748
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198072065.003.0004
Subject:
History, History of Ideas

This chapter explores Sri Aurobindo's spiritual reading and understanding of the Bhagavadgita. Aurobindo felt that the Bhagavadgita could easily lend itself for the justification of violence in the ... More


Players and Their Pets: Gaming Communities from Beta to Sunset

Mia Consalvo and Jason Begy

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780816689828
eISBN:
9781452950716
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816689828.001.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Media Studies

In the world of massively multiplayer online games (MMOGs), Faunasphere was but a blip on the screen in its short public life from 2009 to 2011. Its devoted players, many of them middle-aged women, ... More


Spiritual Avatars

April D. DeConick

in The Gnostic New Age: How a Countercultural Spirituality Revolutionized Religion from Antiquity to Today

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780231170765
eISBN:
9780231542043
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231170765.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Valentinian Christians functioning within the Catholic Church until the third century when they were expelled; shared teachings and rituals with Catholics, while elaborating and redefining them; ... More


Undead Avatars: The Zombie in Horror Video Games

Ewan Kirkland

in Vampires and Zombies: Transcultural Migrations and Transnational Interpretations

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9781496804747
eISBN:
9781496804785
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781496804747.003.0012
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

In contrast to other forms of popular culture, zombies have a historically consistent presence within digital games. Extending research which explores self-reflexivity across the horror genre, this ... More


Brave New 3-D World

Ray Zone

in 3-D Revolution: The History of Modern Stereoscopic Cinema

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780813136110
eISBN:
9780813141183
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813136110.003.0035
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

The December 2009 release, cultural significance and stereoscopic techniques of James Cameron’s landmark 3D film Avatar are evaluated. Avatar signalled an enduring niche in cinema for the 3D film and ... More


Identity Manipulation—What Happens When Identity Presentation is Not Truthful

Kathryn Y. Segovia and Jeremy N. Bailenson

in The Social Net: Understanding our online behavior

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199639540
eISBN:
9780191747748
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199639540.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter examines the topic of identity manipulation. It argues that the accepted norm that individuals should portray themselves to others truthfully is frequently violated in computer-mediated ... More


Relational Agents for Chronic Disease Self-Management

Timothy Bickmore

in Health Informatics: A Patient-Centered Approach to Diabetes

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014328
eISBN:
9780262289498
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014328.003.0007
Subject:
Business and Management, Information Technology

This chapter examines the role of conversational computer agents, commonly known as avatars, in health behavior change interventions for diabetes patients. It suggests that conversational computer ... More


Liturgy, Sacraments, and Virtual Presence

Antonio Spadaro

in Cybertheology: Thinking Christianity in the Era of the Internet

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780823256990
eISBN:
9780823261451
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823256990.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Are the internet and the digital world changing the way we understand the liturgy and the ways in which we live it? Can there be liturgy on the web? Using the McLuhans’ work on the use of electronic ... More


Linked Ecologies1

Andrew Abbott

in Processual Sociology

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780226336596
eISBN:
9780226336763
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226336763.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Social Theory

Previous work has shown the fruitfulness of the ecology concept as a general representation for capturing relations between actors in a social space. However, that work tended to assume external ... More


Pseudo Space: Experiments with Avatarism and Telematic Performance in Social Media

Antoinette LaFarge

in Social Media Archeology and Poetics

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780262034654
eISBN:
9780262336871
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262034654.003.0026
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

The history of social media has been marked by arguments over two central issues: markers of identity and degrees of participation. The battle over identity has largely focused on the legitimacy of ... More


Rooting for the Fascists in <i>Avatar</i>

John Marmysz

in Cinematic Nihilism: Encounters, Confrontations, Overcomings

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9781474424561
eISBN:
9781474438421
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474424561.003.0012
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

This chapter explores James Cameron’s filmAvatar, suggesting that in the utopian culture of the film’s heroes, the Na'vi, Cameron has created a world in which the cultural overcoming of nihilism is ... More


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