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Granular Patterns

Igor Aranson and Lev Tsimring

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199534418
eISBN:
9780191714665
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199534418.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This book is a systematic introduction to the new and rapidly evolving field of patterns in granular materials. Granular matter is usually defined as a collection of discrete macroscopic solid ... More


In Pursuit of Danger: Defining and Defending Hazard Zones

Mark Carey

in In the Shadow of Melting Glaciers: Climate Change and Andean Society

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195396065
eISBN:
9780199775682
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195396065.003.0006
Subject:
History, Latin American History

Two glacier avalanches from Mount Huascarán killed 4,000 people and destroyed the town of Ranrahirca and killed 15,000 people and devastated the city of Yungay in 1970, making it the most deadly ... More


Natural Complexity: A Modeling Handbook

Paul Charbonneau

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691176840
eISBN:
9781400885497
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691176840.001.0001
Subject:
Computer Science, Programming

This book provides a short, hands-on introduction to the science of complexity using simple computational models of natural complex systems—with models and exercises drawn from physics, chemistry, ... More


Interacting systems on networks

Sergey N. Dorogovtsev

in Lectures on Complex Networks

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199548927
eISBN:
9780191720574
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199548927.003.0013
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter considers systems of interacting agents placed on networks. The agents — spins, oscillators, interacting individuals, etc. — occupy the nodes of networks and interact with each other ... More


The Quantum nature of light

J. C. Garrison and R. Y. Chiao

in Quantum Optics

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780198508861
eISBN:
9780191708640
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508861.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter begins with a survey of early experimental results — the Planck spectrum, the photoelectric effect, and Compton scattering — that are usually presented as evidence for the existence of ... More


SIGNAL FORMATION AND ACQUISITION

Helmuth Spieler

in Semiconductor Detector Systems

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198527848
eISBN:
9780191713248
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198527848.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter first discusses which parameters determine sensor sensitivity, and then explains the basic semiconductor physics relevant to radiation detectors. Statistical limits to energy resolution ... More


Change Is the Only Constant

James K. Agee

in Steward's Fork: A Sustainable Future for the Klamath Mountains

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520251250
eISBN:
9780520933798
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520251250.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter discusses the occurrence of natural disturbances and their significant effects on the forests. It focuses on two disturbances that are the most important and widespread occurrences in ... More


Montane and Subalpine Vegetation of the Sierra Nevada and Cascade Ranges

Jo Ann Fites-Kaufman, Phil Rundel, Nathan Stephenson, and Dave A. Weixelman

in Terrestrial Vegetation of California, 3rd Edition

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520249554
eISBN:
9780520933361
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520249554.003.0017
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

This chapter discusses the montane and subalpine coniferous forests and other vegetation of the Sierra Nevada and Cascade Ranges in California, vegetation patterns and environmental factors that ... More


Introduction: What Is Complexity?

Paul Charbonneau

in Natural Complexity: A Modeling Handbook

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691176840
eISBN:
9781400885497
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691176840.003.0001
Subject:
Computer Science, Programming

This book investigates complex systems that are idealizations of naturally occurring phenomena characterized by the autonomous generation of structures and patterns at macroscopic scales. It provides ... More


Sandpiles

Paul Charbonneau

in Natural Complexity: A Modeling Handbook

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691176840
eISBN:
9781400885497
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691176840.003.0005
Subject:
Computer Science, Programming

This chapter describes a simple computational idealization of a sandpile. When sand trickles slowly through your fingers, a small conical pile of sand forms below your hand. Sand avalanches of ... More


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