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In Defense of Self: How the Immune System Really Works

William R. Clark

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195336634
eISBN:
9780199868568
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195336634.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

The immune system is the only thing standing between us and a world of microbial predators that could send us to an early and ugly death. It would be our only defense during the first hours of a ... More


Critique of the Self-Nonself Theory

Thomas Pradeu and Elizabeth Vitanza

in The Limits of the Self: Immunology and Biological Identity

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199775286
eISBN:
9780199932818
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199775286.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter offers a critique of the self-nonself theory. I first analyze data on autoreactivity and normal autoimmunity, in particular phagocytosis and regulatory cells, in order to reject the idea ... More


Comparing the Continuity Theory to Other Immunological Theories

Thomas Pradeu and Elizabeth Vitanza

in The Limits of the Self: Immunology and Biological Identity

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199775286
eISBN:
9780199932818
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199775286.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter compares the continuity theory that I propose with the other theories available in today’s immunology, including the self-nonself theory, the systemic theory of the immune “network” ... More


Neuroimmune Interactions That Operate In The Development And Progression Of Inflammatory Demyelinating Diseases: Lessons From Pathogenesis Of Multiple Sclerosis

Enrico Fainardi and Massimiliano Castellazzi

in Neurovascular Medicine: Pursuing Cellular Longevity for Healthy Aging

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195326697
eISBN:
9780199864874
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326697.003.0012
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is considered an autoimmune chronic inflammatory disease of the central nervous system (CNS) characterized by demyelination and axonal damage. The view of MS as a “two-stage ... More


Immunomodulation in the Nervous and Vascular Systems During Inflammation and Autoimmunity: the Role of T Regulatory Cells

Kokona Chatzantoni and Athanasia Mouzaki

in Neurovascular Medicine: Pursuing Cellular Longevity for Healthy Aging

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195326697
eISBN:
9780199864874
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326697.003.0014
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

The immune system is characterized by a complex network of cells and organs specialized to extinguish foreign invaders or malfunctioning cells of the organism. Although innate immunity, B-cell ... More


The Tears of Sovereignty: Perspectives of Power in Renaissance Drama

Philip Lorenz

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780823251308
eISBN:
9780823252633
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823251308.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

The Tears of Sovereignty – Perspectives of Power in Renaissance Drama examines the representation of sovereignty in canonical works of the Renaissance: Shakespeare's Richard II, Measure for Measure ... More


Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma

Mads Melbye, Karin Ekström Smedby, and Dimitrios Trichopoulos

in Textbook of Cancer Epidemiology

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195311174
eISBN:
9780199865093
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195311174.003.0027
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

For several decades the incidence of NHL has increased more rapidly than that of almost any other cancer. Established risk factors such as immunosuppression, autoimmunity, and certain infectious ... More


Metaleptic Machines: Kafka, Kabbalah, Shoah

Russell Samolsky

in Apocalyptic Futures: Marked Bodies and the Violence of the Text in Kafka, Conrad, and Coetzee

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780823234790
eISBN:
9780823241248
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823234790.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, 20th-century and Contemporary Literature

This chapter begins with an analysis of the critical tradition that ascribes a prophetic status to Kafka's texts. Skeptical of the contention that Kafka's writings were realized after his death, it ... More


Three Theses on the Two Sources and Their One Common Element

Michael Naas

in Miracle and Machine: Jacques Derrida and the Two Sources of Religion, Science, and the Media

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780823239979
eISBN:
9780823240012
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823239979.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter attempts to develop the three principal theses that run throughout “Faith and Knowledge.” While Derrida does not himself identify these three theses as such, this chapter shows the ... More


Immunity: The Evolution of an Idea

Alfred I. Tauber

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
February 2017
ISBN:
9780190651244
eISBN:
9780190651275
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190651244.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Immunology is the science of biological identity. Three key characteristics—individuality, identification, and immunity—together define immune identity, and as one notion changes meaning, so do the ... More


“One Nation … Indivisible”: Of Autoimmunity, Democracy, and the Nation-State

Michael Naas

in Derrida From Now On

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2011
ISBN:
9780823229581
eISBN:
9780823235162
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fso/9780823229581.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter explains (in the light of Derrida's work) how a nation can be undivided, by autoimmunity and democracy, especially in Europe and America. It examines Derrida's ... More


Autonomy, Autoimmunity, and the Stretch Limo: From Derrida's Rogue State to DeLillo's Cosmopolis

Michael Naas

in Derrida From Now On

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2011
ISBN:
9780823229581
eISBN:
9780823235162
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fso/9780823229581.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter uses Don DeLillo's Cosmopolis to explain ideas enclosed in Derrida's work about identity and autoimmunity. Cosmopolis illustrates what Derrida argued in many ... More


Resistance: Waiting for Power in Fuenteovejuna

Philip Lorenz

in The Tears of Sovereignty: Perspectives of Power in Renaissance Drama

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780823251308
eISBN:
9780823252633
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823251308.003.0004
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

Lope de Vega's famous play about a popular uprising and revolt throws the “organ transplant” logic of sovereignty into crisis. Here, the conceptual and representational operations of transfer and ... More


Autoimmunity and Ante-Racism: Philip Roth's The Human Stain

Christopher Peterson

in Bestial Traces: Race, Sexuality, Animality

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780823245208
eISBN:
9780823252602
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823245208.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter explores the nexus of race and sexuality in Philip Roth's The Human Stain. It shows how the novel exploits the multiple and contradictory meanings of “stain” in order to reconceptualize ... More


Called to Bear Witness: Derrida, Muslims, and Islam

Anne Norton

in The Trace of God: Derrida and Religion

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780823262090
eISBN:
9780823266388
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823262090.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

Derrida’s later work is marked by an apparent hostility to Islam.  Derrida claimed that Islam was “the other of democracy.”  He supported the coup that forestalled the likely victory of Algerian ... More


The Autoimmunity of Religion

Martin Hägglund

in The Trace of God: Derrida and Religion

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780823262090
eISBN:
9780823266388
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823262090.003.0010
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This essay provides a new framework for understanding Derrida’s engagement with religious concepts and challenges the numerous theological accounts of deconstruction. The proliferation of apparently ... More


Sexing the X

Sarah S. Richardson

in Sex Itself: The Search for Male and Female in the Human Genome

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780226084688
eISBN:
9780226084718
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226084718.003.0006
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Focusing on “X mosaicism” theories of female biology, health, and behavior, this chapter examines the longstanding and infrequently questioned association of the X with femaleness. Drawing strongly ... More


The Blushing Machine: Derrida

David Wills

in Inanimation: Theories of Inorganic Life

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780816698820
eISBN:
9781452954301
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816698820.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Derrida’s whole thinking (e.g. from trace to text to iterability, spectrality and autoimmunity) can be understood as an attention paid to forms of survival or surviving. So, how alive or dead are ... More


Immunitary Borders

Nick Vaughan-Williams

in Europe’s Border Crisis: Biopolitical Security and Beyond

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780198747024
eISBN:
9780191809293
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198747024.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

Having charted thanatopolitical and zoopolitical drift within biopolitical border security practices, this chapter tackles the conceptual dimension of the research puzzle at the heart of the book. It ... More


Affirmative Borders

Nick Vaughan-Williams

in Europe’s Border Crisis: Biopolitical Security and Beyond

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780198747024
eISBN:
9780191809293
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198747024.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

The final chapter reiterates that bordering practices are only ever attempts at controlling mobility. However, instead of prioritizing an ontology of escape, agency, and/or resistance, the analysis ... More


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