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Constitutionalism in Belarus: A False Start

Alexander Lukashuk

in Democratic Consolidation in Eastern Europe Volume 1: Institutional Engineering

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199244089
eISBN:
9780191600364
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199244081.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

Describes the failure of the constitution‐drafting process to contribute to democratic consolidation in Belarus. Today, Belarus is considered the worst authoritarian regime in Eastern Europe. The ... More


Breakdown and Continuity

Axel Hadenius

in Institutions and Democratic Citizenship

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246663
eISBN:
9780191599392
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246661.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

Demonstrates how medieval institutional tendency could be continued in certain countries in the modern era, while autocratic backlash was the pattern elsewhere. England, Sweden, the Netherlands, and ... More


Conflict Displacement and Dual Inclusion in the Construction of Germany

Jonathan Obert and John F. Padgett

in The Emergence of Organizations and Markets

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691148670
eISBN:
9781400845552
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691148670.003.0008
Subject:
Sociology, Economic Sociology

This chapter focuses on the nineteenth-century formation of Germany. Organizational innovation was the assembly by Prussia of geographically disparate German principalities under the new ... More


History and Nation: Nostromo, The Secret Agent, and Under Western Eyes

Richard Niland

in Conrad and History

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199580347
eISBN:
9780191722738
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580347.003.0004
Subject:
Literature, 20th-century Literature and Modernism, European Literature

This chapter focuses on Conrad's major political novels, Nostromo, The Secret Agent, and Under Western Eyes, examining Conrad's politics in the context of nineteenth century philosophies of ... More


The World of Yesterday: Conrad, European History, and Napoleonic Legend

Richard Niland

in Conrad and History

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199580347
eISBN:
9780191722738
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580347.003.0005
Subject:
Literature, 20th-century Literature and Modernism, European Literature

This chapter looks at Conrad's writing during the Great War as his response to the conflict. It then turns its attention to Conrad's lifelong obsession with Napoleon Bonaparte, exploring Conrad's ... More


Dictatorship, Democracy, and Development

Mancur Olson

in A Not-so-dismal Science: A Broader View of Economies and Societies

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294900
eISBN:
9780191596728
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294905.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

Part of a series of writings that began with the author's essay on ‘Autocracy, Democracy, and Prosperity’, published in 1991. It puts forth, in an intuitive and non‐technical way, a part of the ... More


Positive Political Economy

Ian Malcolm David Little

in Ethics, Economics, and Politics: Principles of Public Policy

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199257041
eISBN:
9780191601293
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199257043.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

In the last quarter century, the naïve simplification that the sole aim of governments was the welfare of citizens has been abandoned, and it is recognized that the government is a positive actor on ... More


The Meanings of Property

Ekaterina Pravilova

in A Public Empire: Property and the Quest for the Common Good in Imperial Russia

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691159058
eISBN:
9781400850266
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691159058.003.0002
Subject:
History, Russian and Former Soviet Union History

This chapter traces the history of property relations in Russia. It examines how Russian rulers came to respect private property as a bulwark of autocracy and what this respect meant for property in ... More


The Geopolitical Origins of Durable Political Order

Sean L. Yom

in From Resilience to Revolution: How Foreign Interventions Destabilize the Middle East

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780231175647
eISBN:
9780231540278
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231175647.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Middle Eastern Politics

The book draws the following lesson: policy makers should think twice when intervening abroad to support favored client governments besieged by opposition. Giving rulers the ability to overcome ... More


Auto-Emancipation?

David Vital

in A People Apart: A Political History of the Jews in Europe 1789–1939

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199246816
eISBN:
9780191697623
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199246816.003.0028
Subject:
History, European Modern History

Jewry in Europe was now divided. It was divided de facto and more than ever before in conscience. It was one thing to observe events in Russia from without and at the immense distance in space and ... More


Cambodia: Genocide, Autocracy, and the Overpoliticized State

Philippe Le Billon and Karen Bakker

in War, Hunger, and Displacement: Volume 2

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198297406
eISBN:
9780191685330
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198297406.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

During 1975–1979, under the Khmer Rouge regime, over 1.8 million people died due to hunger, disease or murder. Though there were numerous deaths even before the Khmer Rouge regime, these have been ... More


AUTONOMY RIGHTS

William Talbott

in Which Rights Should Be Universal?

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780195173475
eISBN:
9780199835331
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195173473.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, General

In this chapter, Talbott explains the development of autonomy rights as a response to the failure of paternalistic defenses of autocracy (e.g., Plato’s Republic and the Marxist dictatorships of the ... More


Marketization and Democratization

Grzegorz W. Kolodko

in From Shock to Therapy: The Political Economy of Postsocialist Transformation

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198297437
eISBN:
9780191685354
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198297437.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter cites from various countries successful accounts specifically regarding national output, where democracy is perceived to be absent. But, it is irrational to conclude that autocracy and ... More


Dictators and Democrats: Masses, Elites, and Regime Change

Stephan Haggard and Robert R. Kaufman

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780691172149
eISBN:
9781400882984
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691172149.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

From the 1980s through the first decade of the twenty-first century, the spread of democracy across the developing and postcommunist worlds transformed the global political landscape. What drove ... More


Why Are the Elite in China Motivated and Able to Promote Growth?

Xiaowei Zang

in The Role of Elites in Economic Development

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199659036
eISBN:
9780191749032
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199659036.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Rapid economic development in China in the post-1978 era has been considered ‘intriguing’ and ‘puzzling’ since it occurred under the dominance of the Communist party: the fusion of politics and ... More


The Autocracy of Roderick Jones, 1919–1934

Donald Read

in The Power of News: The History of Reuters

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198207689
eISBN:
9780191677779
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198207689.003.0008
Subject:
History, Cultural History, British and Irish Modern History

Sir Roderick Jones ran Reuters as an autocracy. This had been his style in South Africa, and it was still more his style as head of Reuters between the wars. Between the wars, Reuters encountered ... More


‘Enlightened Despotism’: Autocracy, Faith, and Enlightenment in Eastern and South–Eastern Europe (1689–1755)

Jonathan I. Israel

in Enlightenment Contested: Philosophy, Modernity, and the Emancipation of Man 1670-1752

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199279227
eISBN:
9780191700040
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199279227.003.0012
Subject:
History, History of Ideas, European Modern History

This chapter explores the philosophes’ responses to developments in the Russian empire. Newly forged western skills and ideas made exceptional and impressive progress in Muscovy before 1750 but only, ... More


African Successes, Volume I: Government and Institutions

Sebastian Edwards, Simon Johnson, and David N. Weil (eds)

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780226316222
eISBN:
9780226316369
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226316369.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This is volume I of a four volume set, with papers developed as part of a large-scale project and associated conference series funded by the Gates Foundation. It is comprised of careful empirical ... More


Social Science and Academic Freedom

Jose Harris

in William Beveridge: A Biography

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206859
eISBN:
9780191677335
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206859.003.0013
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Social History

The debate on the nature of the social sciences was the most prolonged and all-pervasive of all the disputed subjects which concerned Beveridge. Beveridge as a young man had firmly attached himself ... More


Alliance in Action, 1914–1917

KEITH NEILSON

in Britain and the Last Tsar: British Policy and Russia, 1894-1917

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198204701
eISBN:
9780191676369
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198204701.003.0012
Subject:
History, European Modern History

The expanded nature of the Anglo-Russian relationship during the war, and the exigencies of the war itself, led to an expansion in the membership of the British elite. Those who became involved in ... More


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