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Visual Stress

Arnold J. Wilkins

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198521747
eISBN:
9780191706691
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198521747.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This book provides the first general neurological theory of visual discomfort. The theory attributes the experience of visual discomfort to the strong physiological excitation that certain visual ... More


Understanding Autism: Parents, Doctors, and the History of a Disorder

Chloe Silverman

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691150468
eISBN:
9781400840397
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691150468.001.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

Autism has attracted a great deal of attention in recent years, thanks to dramatically increasing rates of diagnosis, extensive organizational mobilization, journalistic coverage, biomedical ... More


Research Programs, “Autistic Disturbances,” and Human Difference

Chloe Silverman

in Understanding Autism: Parents, Doctors, and the History of a Disorder

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691150468
eISBN:
9781400840397
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691150468.003.0002
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

This chapter traces the evolution of the concept of autism from its first characterization as a rare emotional disturbance in 1943 to its present status as a potential epidemic. It examines ... More


Brains, Pedigrees, and Promises: Lessons from the Politics of Autism Genetics

Chloe Silverman

in Understanding Autism: Parents, Doctors, and the History of a Disorder

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691150468
eISBN:
9781400840397
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691150468.003.0006
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

This chapter tells the story of two parent groups, the Cure Autism Now Foundation (CAN) and the National Alliance for Autism Research (NAAR), and their efforts to promote genetic research on autism. ... More


Autism and the Imaginative Mind

ILONA MIELKE

in Imaginative Minds

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264195
eISBN:
9780191734540
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264195.003.0013
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Autism is diagnosed through a symptom of clusters known as the diagnostic triad. One of these is the rigid adherence to routines, repetitive activities, and narrowly focused interests which represent ... More


The Neurology of Autism

Mary Coleman (ed.)

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195182224
eISBN:
9780199786701
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195182224.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This book uses the tools of neurological analysis to address a number of major questions that have arisen in the study of autism. The answers it presents have important implications for the ... More


Love as an Analytic Tool

Chloe Silverman

in Understanding Autism: Parents, Doctors, and the History of a Disorder

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691150468
eISBN:
9781400840397
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691150468.003.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

This book examines the evolution of the diagnostic category of autism as people have understood it in different places and times, with a particular focus on the importance of affect in biomedical ... More


Desperate and Rational: Parents and Professionals in Autism Research

Chloe Silverman

in Understanding Autism: Parents, Doctors, and the History of a Disorder

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691150468
eISBN:
9781400840397
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691150468.003.0007
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

This chapter examines the process of persuasion and affective involvement whereby parents and new practitioners come to take part in the practice of treating autism as well as in research on autism. ... More


What the World Needs Now: Learning About and Acting on Autism Research

Chloe Silverman

in Understanding Autism: Parents, Doctors, and the History of a Disorder

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691150468
eISBN:
9781400840397
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691150468.003.0009
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

This conclusion returns to the question of love as both a subject and a method for research on autism. Many researchers now agree with parents that although autism is a useful term for describing a ... More


Mindreading: An Integrated Account of Pretence, Self-Awareness, and Understanding Other Minds

Shaun Nichols and Stephen P. Stich

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780198236108
eISBN:
9780191600920
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198236107.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This volume defends an integrated account of the psychological mechanisms underlying “mindreading,” the commonplace capacity to understand the mind. The authors maintain that it is, as commonsense ... More


Creative Cognition in a Modular Mind

Peter Carruthers

in The Architecture of the Mind

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199207077
eISBN:
9780191708909
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207077.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter argues that all creative thought ultimately reduces to creative action. On this account, action schemata are activated creatively and rehearsed, issuing in globally broadcast imagery ... More


Philosophical and Scientific Perspectives on Mentalizing

Alvin I. Goldman

in Simulating Minds: The Philosophy, Psychology, and Neuroscience of Mindreading

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195138924
eISBN:
9780199786480
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195138929.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

A brief overview and mini-history of the subject of mindreading are presented. Philosophers were the first to worry about the folk understanding of other minds and the distinctive nature of ... More


Ontogeny, Autism, Empathy, and Evolution

Alvin I. Goldman

in Simulating Minds: The Philosophy, Psychology, and Neuroscience of Mindreading

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195138924
eISBN:
9780199786480
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195138929.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

A wide variety of well-studied phenomena associated with mindreading are surveyed to probe the consistency of what is known about them with our version of simulation theory. These phenomena include ... More


An Integrated Approach to Therapy

Michele Zappella

in The Neurology of Autism

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195182224
eISBN:
9780199786701
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195182224.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter presents a possible model of therapies related to autism based both on assessed knowledge and direct experience. This chapter also considers the real reasons why — in contrast with other ... More


What Neurodevelopmental Disorders Can Reveal about Cognitive Architecture: The Example of Theory of Mind *

Helen Tager‐Flusberg

in The Innate Mind: Structure and Contents

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195179675
eISBN:
9780199869794
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179675.003.0016
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter begins with an overview of the controversy surrounding the study of children and adults with neurodevelopmental disorders, and how these inform theories of neurocognitive architecture. ... More


Language unbound: genomic conflict and psychosis in the origin of modern humans

Bernard J Crespi

in Sociobiology of Communication: an interdisciplinary perspective

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199216840
eISBN:
9780191712043
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199216840.003.0013
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Human social communication is impaired in the two primary disorders of the ‘social brain’, autism, and schizophrenia. This chapter describes a new hypothesis for the role of language in the evolution ... More


<i>Love Is Not Enough</i>: Bruno Bettelheim, Infantile Autism, and Psychoanalytic Childhood

Chloe Silverman

in Understanding Autism: Parents, Doctors, and the History of a Disorder

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691150468
eISBN:
9781400840397
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691150468.003.0003
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

This chapter describes what happened when the child psychologist Bruno Bettelheim, director of the Sonia Shankman Orthogenic School at the University of Chicago, designed a research program for ... More


Expert Amateurs: Raising and Treating Children with Autism

Chloe Silverman

in Understanding Autism: Parents, Doctors, and the History of a Disorder

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691150468
eISBN:
9781400840397
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691150468.003.0004
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

This chapter focuses on parents emerging from the experience of wide-ranging psychogenic theorizing about autism during the 1950s and 1960s, of which Bruno Bettelheim's work was but one well-known ... More


Pandora’s Box: Immunizations, Parental Obligations, and Toxic Facts

Chloe Silverman

in Understanding Autism: Parents, Doctors, and the History of a Disorder

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691150468
eISBN:
9781400840397
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691150468.003.0008
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

This chapter explores the relationship between childhood vaccines and autism. A preponderance of evidence suggests that vaccines are not responsible for the increased prevalence of autism cases over ... More


Attention, Genes, and Developmental Disorders

Kim Cornish and John Wilding

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195179941
eISBN:
9780199864652
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179941.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Development

What is attention? How does it go wrong? Do attention deficits arise from genes or from the environment? Can we cure it with drugs or training? Are there disorders of attention other than deficit ... More


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