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Regulating Religion: The Courts and the Free Exercise Clause

Catharine Cookson

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195129441
eISBN:
9780199834105
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019512944X.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Religious free exercise conflicts occur when religiously compelled behavior (whether action or inaction) appears to violate a law that contraindicates or even criminalizes such behavior. Fearful of ... More


Authoritarianism and Democracy

Ingmar Persson and Julian Savulescu

in Unfit for the Future: The Need for Moral Enhancement

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199653645
eISBN:
9780191742033
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199653645.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

Robust authoritarian governments are better placed than democratic governments to implement unpopular reforms effectively, so it might seem that they have a better chance of tackling human induced ... More


Engendering Transitions: Women's Mobilization, Institutions and Gender Outcomes

Georgina Waylen

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199248032
eISBN:
9780191714894
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199248032.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This book examines the roles that women's mobilizations have played in processes of democratization and the impact of transitions to democracy on gender relations. In an over-arching and thematic ... More


The Gorbachev Factor

Archie Brown

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780192880529
eISBN:
9780191598876
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0192880527.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Russian Politics

This is an analysis of how fundamental change came about in the Soviet Union and of the part played by political leadership. In its most general aspect, it is a contribution to the literature on ... More


The Korean State and Social Policy: How South Korea Lifted Itself from Poverty and Dictatorship to Affluence and Democracy

Stein Ringen, Huck-ju Kwon, Ilcheong Yi, Taekyoon Kim, and Jooha Lee

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199734351
eISBN:
9780199895373
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199734351.001.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy

There are two great mysteries in the political economy of South Korea. How could a destroyed country in next to no time become a sophisticated and affluent economy? And how could a ruthlessly ... More


Russia: The Authoritarian Adaptation of an Electoral System

Steven White

in The Politics of Electoral Systems

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199257560
eISBN:
9780191603280
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199257566.003.0015
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Russia’s mixed parallel system was adopted after the collapse of communism, following a series of negotiations and disagreements between parliament and president. The high thresholds applied in the ... More


Vladimir Putin's Political Choice: Towards Bureaucratic Authoritarianism Vladimir Putin's Political Choice: Towards Bureaucratic Authoritarianism Lilia Shevtsova

Lilia Shevtsova

in Leading Russia: Putin in Perspective: Essays in Honour of Archie Brown

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199276141
eISBN:
9780191603341
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199276145.003.0012
Subject:
Political Science, Russian Politics

This chapter examines Putin’s efforts to strengthen the state, which subjects society and individuals to its will. It argues that by cancelling out the democratic achievements of the Gorbachev and ... More


Comparative Politics: Democratization Studies

Laurence Whitehead

in A New Handbook of Political Science

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294719
eISBN:
9780191599361
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294719.003.0014
Subject:
Political Science, Reference

Provides an overview of the sub‐field of democratization. Three questions are asked of democratization studies: ‘who is it for?’, ‘what is it like?’, and ‘how is it done?’. Methodological and ... More


Gorbachev and Political Transformation

Archie Brown

in The Gorbachev Factor

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780192880529
eISBN:
9780191598876
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0192880527.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Russian Politics

A central thesis of the book, elaborated especially in this chapter, is that from the outset of his General Secretaryship, Gorbachev was seriously interested in political change as well as in ... More


Introduction

Alexandra Barahona de Brito, Carmen González‐Enríquez, and Paloma Aguilar

in The Politics of Memory and Democratization

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199240906
eISBN:
9780191598869
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199240906.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

The general aim of this book is to shed light on how countries deal with legacies of repression during a transition from authoritarian or totalitarian rule to democratic rule. Two broad kinds of ... More


Constitutionalism in Belarus: A False Start

Alexander Lukashuk

in Democratic Consolidation in Eastern Europe Volume 1: Institutional Engineering

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199244089
eISBN:
9780191600364
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199244081.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

Describes the failure of the constitution‐drafting process to contribute to democratic consolidation in Belarus. Today, Belarus is considered the worst authoritarian regime in Eastern Europe. The ... More


Globalization Manqué: Regional Fragmentation and Authoritarian‐Liberalism in the Middle East

Yezid Sayigh

in The Third World Beyond the Cold War: Continuity and Change

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198295518
eISBN:
9780191599217
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198295510.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

The main strategic, economic, and political changes in the Middle East since the end of the cold war are outlined, and an attempt made to account for the linkages between them. It is argued, first, ... More


Consensus and Legitimation

Leonardo Morlino

in Democracy Between Consolidation and Crisis: Parties, Groups, and Citizens in Southern Europe

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198280828
eISBN:
9780191599965
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198280823.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

The entire double process of legitimation and consensus building in the four cases is illustrated with reference to survey data and other sets of data. Attitudes toward politics, democracy, and ... More


The Political Dimension: Authoritarianism and Democratization

Roland Dannreuther

in The Third World Beyond the Cold War: Continuity and Change

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198295518
eISBN:
9780191599217
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198295510.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Aims to contribute to the emerging debate over the nature of capitalist development and its relationship to the social and political developments in different regions of the world, by suggesting an ... More


Authoritarianism, Democracy and the Supreme Court: Horizontal Exchange and the Rule of Law in Mexico

Beatriz Magaloni

in Democratic Accountability in Latin America

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199256372
eISBN:
9780191602368
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199256373.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter examines the relationship between authoritarianism, democracy and the emergence of Supreme Court independence in Mexico. It presents three mechanisms to explain why party hegemony meant ... More


Belarus and Ukraine: Democracy Building in a Grey Security Zone

Taras Kuzio

in Democratic Consolidation in Eastern Europe Volume 2: International and Transnational Factors

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199244096
eISBN:
9780191600371
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019924409X.003.0018
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

Compares different paths of democratic consolidation in Belarus and Ukraine since the disintegration of the USSR. The author argues that Ukraine has evolved beyond ‘Electoral Democracy’ towards ‘ ... More


The Authoritarian Alternative: ‘Anti‐Politics’ In the Popular Sectors of Lima

Aldo Panfichi

in The New Politics of Inequality in Latin America: Rethinking Participation and Representation

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198781837
eISBN:
9780191598968
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198781830.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

Explores the emergence and success of President Alberto Fujimori as the dominant political figure in Peru during the first half of the 1990s. It is particularly concerned with explaining the support ... More


Promoting Capitalist Polyarchy: The Case of Latin America

William Robinson

in American Democracy Promotion: Impulses, Strategies, and Impacts

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199240975
eISBN:
9780191598999
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199240973.003.0015
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Argues that the shift in the US policy from supporting authoritarianism to promoting polyarchy in much of the Third World corresponds to the emergence of a global capitalist economy and is meant to ... More


The Mediterranean Countries: Too Late for Nostalgia, Too Early for Post-material Protest

Piero Ignazi

in Extreme Right Parties in Western Europe

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780198293255
eISBN:
9780191601903
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198293259.003.0012
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The extreme right never took hold in Spain, Portugal, and Greece. Their relatively new democratic regimes as well as socio-economic change eliminated the foundations of right-extremist values, and ... More


The Survivor and the Savant: Two Schemes for Civil Religion Compared

Terence Ball

in Reappraising Political Theory: Revisionist Studies in the History of Political Thought

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198279952
eISBN:
9780191598753
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198279957.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter compares and contrasts the schemes for a civil religion advanced by Auguste Comte and James Mill, which contrasts the former's illiberal and priestly views with the latter's liberal and ... More


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