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Design Tradeoffs

Richard M. Murray

in Biomolecular Feedback Systems

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691161532
eISBN:
9781400850501
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691161532.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

This chapter describes some of the design tradeoffs arising from the interaction between synthetic circuits and the host organism. It first considers the effects of competition for shared cellular ... More


Ethology, physiological psychology, and neurobiology of CTA

Jan Bures

in Conditioned Taste Aversion: Memory of a Special Kind

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198523475
eISBN:
9780191712678
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198523475.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology

Novel food is eaten in small quantities (neophobia) followed by several hours of abstinence, which allows for the evaluation of the visceral consequences of feeding. Positive results lead to the ... More


Central Equation of Thermoelasticity with Finite Wave Speeds

Józef Ignaczak and Martin Ostoja‐Starzewski

in Thermoelasticity with Finite Wave Speeds

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199541645
eISBN:
9780191716164
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199541645.003.0006
Subject:
Mathematics, Applied Mathematics, Mathematical Physics

This chapter focuses on a central equation of thermoelasticity with finite wave speeds, i.e. a partial differential equation which, most remarkably, has a similar form for both theories. Given next ... More


The Self as Bodily

Jonardon Ganeri

in The Self: Naturalism, Consciousness, and the First-Person Stance

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199652365
eISBN:
9780191740718
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199652365.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, History of Philosophy

A theory of self must do two things. It must tell us what kind of thing a self is: an immaterial substance; a suitably interconnected series of conscious experiences; the categorical basis of such a ... More


NEUTRON-REFRACTION AND SMALL-ANGLE SCATTERING TOMOGRAPHY

Wolfgang Treimer

in Advanced Tomographic Methods in Materials Research and Engineering

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199213245
eISBN:
9780191707582
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213245.003.0015
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Refraction and small-angle scattering can provide unique imaging signals in situations where absorption- or other attenuation-based effects are insufficient. Attenuation contrast is low in cases ... More


Resolution

G. A. D. Briggs and O. V. Kolosov

in Acoustic Microscopy: Second Edition

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199232734
eISBN:
9780191716355
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199232734.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Since the aberrations of the lens are negligible, the resolution of the acoustic microscope is essentially limited by diffraction. If the lens has a high numerical aperture the resolution is ... More


A little elementary acoustics

G. A. D. Briggs and O. V. Kolosov

in Acoustic Microscopy: Second Edition

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199232734
eISBN:
9780191716355
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199232734.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Solids support both longitudinal and shear acoustic waves; fluids support only longitudinal waves, with attenuation proportional to the viscosity and to the square of the frequency. The longitudinal ... More


The Evolution of Thought Experiment

Roy A. Sorensen

in Thought Experiments

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195129137
eISBN:
9780199786138
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019512913X.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter seeks to define “thought experiment” and dig to its origin. It argues that thought experiments evolved from experiment through a process of attenuation. This builds inductive momentum ... More


Coupling To The Soft Mode

M. E. LINES and A. M. GLASS

in Principles and Applications of Ferroelectrics and Related Materials

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780198507789
eISBN:
9780191709944
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507789.003.0010
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Near the temperature of a second-order structural phase transition, and in particular near the Curie point of a ferroelectric, anomalously strong ultrasonic absorption occurs. This chapter considers ... More


Acoustic and temperature waves

E. R. DOBBS

in Helium Three

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198506409
eISBN:
9780191709463
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198506409.003.0011
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter examines 3He-4He mixtures with acoustic and temperature waves. Topics discussed include first sound, velocity of second sound, attenuation of second sound, oscillating superleak ... More


Reducing measurement error and its effects

Emily White, Bruce K. Armstrong, and Rodolfo Saracci

in Principles of Exposure Measurement in Epidemiology: Collecting, Evaluating, and Improving Measures of Disease Risk Factors

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198509851
eISBN:
9780191723827
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198509851.003.0005
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

The primary goal when measuring exposures (risk factors) in an epidemiological study should be minimizing measurement error. Several approaches to the reduction of measurement error and its effects ... More


4. Covariate measurement errors in nutritional epidemiology: effects and remedies

David Clayton and Caroline Gill

in Design Concepts in Nutritional Epidemiology

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780192627391
eISBN:
9780191723704
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192627391.003.0004
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

The key problem in epidemiological studies is the identification of relevant exposures and outcomes, and the relationship (and error modelling) between observed and relevant measures, and between ... More


The Mindful Filter: Free Energy and Action

Karl J. Friston

in The Pragmatic Turn: Toward Action-Oriented Views in Cognitive Science

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780262034326
eISBN:
9780262333290
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262034326.003.0006
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

This chapter frames key questions about embodied cognition and action in terms of active inference; namely, the premise that the brain is trying to infer the causes of its sensory input—and samples ... More


Citizens, Experts, and Emerging Vapor Intrusion Science and Policy

Peter C. Little

in Toxic Town: IBM, Pollution, and Industrial Risks

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814760697
eISBN:
9780814764510
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814760697.003.0007
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

This chapter sheds light on the practice of vapor intrusion (VI) and examines the different roles of citizens and experts in VI debates. It showcases the experience of scientists, community leaders, ... More


Minimizer PPIs

Osamu Sawada

in Pragmatic Aspects of Scalar Modifiers: The Semantics-Pragmatics Interface

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780198714224
eISBN:
9780191782633
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198714224.003.0005
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

Chapter 5 investigates the varieties of minimizers in Japanese (and other languages) and considers the source of variations from a semantics/pragmatics interface. Although sukoshi and chotto denote a ... More


Seismic Waves and Sources

Heiner Igel

in Computational Seismology: A Practical Introduction

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780198717409
eISBN:
9780191835070
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198717409.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Geophysics, Atmospheric and Environmental Physics

The specific partial differential equation with which the numerical methods are introduced in the remainder of the volume is presented in detail. Fundamental consequences of the elastic wave equation ... More


Focused and Divided Attention to the Eyes and Ears : A Research Journey

Nelson Cowan

in From Perception to Consciousness: Searching with Anne Treisman

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199734337
eISBN:
9780190255855
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199734337.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Clinical Psychology

This chapter comments on Anne Treisman's papers Contextual cues in selective listening, published in the Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology (1960) and Divided attention to ear and eye, ... More


From the Mother Lode to Load

Nilli Lavie

in From Perception to Consciousness: Searching with Anne Treisman

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199734337
eISBN:
9780190255855
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199734337.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Clinical Psychology

This chapter comments on Anne Treisman's 1967 paper Selective attention: perception or response?, published in the Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology and written in collaboration with Gina ... More


Measurement errors

Erik Biørn and Erik Biørn

in Econometrics of Panel Data: Methods and Applications

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
December 2016
ISBN:
9780198753445
eISBN:
9780191815072
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198753445.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

A main objective of the chapter is to demonstrate how measurement error problems which are non-tractable in cross-section data can be overcome when (balanced) panel data are available. ... More


Expecting Ourselves (Creeping Up On Consciousness)

Andy Clark

in Surfing Uncertainty: Prediction, Action, and the Embodied Mind

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
October 2015
ISBN:
9780190217013
eISBN:
9780190217044
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190217013.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, General

This chapter discusses what predictive processing can tell us about consciousness, emotion, and the varieties of human experience. The goal is to bring our theoretical, large-scale picture into ... More


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