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Summary and Conclusion

Ruth Glasner

in Averroes' Physics: A Turning Point in Medieval Natural Philosophy

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199567737
eISBN:
9780191721472
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199567737.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

The three turning points that were studied in chapters 6‐8 are facets of a major turning point in Averroes' thought that led to the consolidation of his ‘Aristotelian atomism’. Chapter 9 examines the ... More


Concepts: Where Cognitive Science Went Wrong

Jerry A. Fodor

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198236368
eISBN:
9780191597404
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198236360.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Jerry Fodor presents a strikingly original theory of the basic constituents of thought. He suggests that the heart of a cognitive science is its theory of concepts, and that cognitive scientists have ... More


Aristotle on Continuity in Physics VI

David Bostock

in Space, Time, Matter, and Form: Essays on Aristotle's Physics

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199286867
eISBN:
9780191603532
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199286868.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This essay discusses almost all of Aristotle’s claims in Physics VI, highlighting some virtues in his discussion as well as inadequacies or plain mistakes. In some cases, Aristotle’s mistakes may be ... More


The False Prison Volume One

David Pears

Published in print:
1987
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198247708
eISBN:
9780191598203
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198247702.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This is the first of David Pears's acclaimed two‐volume work on the development of Wittgenstein's philosophy, covering the pre‐1929 writings. Part I of the first volume consists in a brief but ... More


Oxford Studies in Normative Ethics: Volume 2

Mark Timmons (ed.)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199662951
eISBN:
9780191745195
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199662951.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Oxford Studies in Normative Ethics aims to provide, on an annual basis, some of the best contemporary work in the field of normative ethical theory. Each volume features new essays that ... More


GREEN'S METAPHYSICS AND EPISTEMOLOGY

David O. Brink

in Perfectionism and the Common Good: Themes in the Philosophy of T. H. Green

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199266401
eISBN:
9780191600906
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199266409.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter begins with a brief discussion of Green's attack of empiricism and defence of idealism in Prolegomena. It then identifies Green's four main aims in the first book of Prolegomena. Firstly ... More


Preoccupation with ‘autonomy’

William A. Silverman

in Where's the Evidence?: Debates in Modern Medicine

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780192630889
eISBN:
9780191723568
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192630889.003.0044
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter presents a 1997 commentary on neonatal care. Neonatologists often consider themselves as the unbiased protectors of their patients' best interests and assume an advocacy role. A claim is ... More


DENYING TRANSUBSTANTIATION: Physics, Eucharist, and Apostasy

Stephen E. Lahey

in John Wyclif

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195183313
eISBN:
9780199870349
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195183313.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

Wyclif is infamous for being the first to deny the doctrine of transubstantiation, in which the bread and wine are held to become the body and blood of Christ in the sacrament of Eucharist. This ... More


From Causal Reductionism to Self‐Directed Systems

Nancey Murphy and Warren S. Brown

in Did My Neurons Make Me Do It?: Philosophical and Neurobiological Perspectives on Moral Responsibility and Free Will

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199215393
eISBN:
9780191707025
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199215393.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter criticizes overly-simple accounts of causal processes, particularly atomist-reductionism-determinism. Alternatively, a case is made for considering downward causation (the effect of the ... More


Natural Science

Jon McGinnis

in Avicenna

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195331479
eISBN:
9780199868032
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331479.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This chapter focuses on Avicenna’s treatment of the most general principles of natural things, that is, those things that are in some way subject to motion or change. It begins with Avicenna’s ... More


The Second Edition of Principia

Michael Potter

in Reason's Nearest Kin: Philosophies of Arithmetic from Kant to Carnap

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199252619
eISBN:
9780191712647
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199252619.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

In the previous chapter, it was shown that the Tractatus accounted for only a limited part of arithmetic at best. When Russell read Wittgenstein's manuscript, he was convinced that this was a gap ... More


The Language of Epicureanism in Cicero: The Case of Atomism

Tobias Reinhardt

in Aspects of the Language of Latin Prose

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263327
eISBN:
9780191734168
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263327.003.0007
Subject:
Classical Studies, Prose and Writers: Classical, Early, and Medieval

This chapter provides a discussion on Cicero’s treatment of Epicureanism. Cicero’s and Lucretius’ renderings of Epicurean terms and notions are radically different: whereas Lucretius’ seem colourful, ... More


Epicureanism at the Origins of Modernity

Catherine Wilson

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199238811
eISBN:
9780191716492
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199238811.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This book examines the role played by the rediscovery of the writings of the ancient atomists — the Greek philosopher Epicurus and his Latin successor, Titus Carus Lucretius — in the articulation of ... More


Some Rival Systems

Catherine Wilson

in Epicureanism at the Origins of Modernity

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199238811
eISBN:
9780191716492
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199238811.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

While some 17th-century critics of Epicureanism, including Margaret Cavendish, focused on the impossibility of a structured and orderly world emerging from the purposeless collision of atoms, other ... More


Meaning

Michael Potter

in Wittgenstein's Notes on Logic

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199215836
eISBN:
9780191721243
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199215836.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter discusses Wittgenstein's notion of meaning. It begins by considering Russell's lectures on logical atomism. It then focuses on Wittgenstein's theory that with each proposition there is ... More


Russell's Logical Atomism

David Bostock

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199651443
eISBN:
9780191741197
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199651443.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The book considers Bertrand Russell’s work in logic, mainly from 1900 to 1910, and his work in epistemology and metaphysics, mainly from 1910 to 1924. The part on logic includes a discussion of his ... More


The Division of Labour and the Theory of Value

Gloria Vivenza

in Adam Smith and the Classics: The Classical Heritage in Adam Smith's Thought

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198296669
eISBN:
9780191597008
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198296665.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

Deals with some analogies between Adam Smith's and Plato's thought about the division of labour, and Adam Smith's and Aristotle's formulations concerning economic value. The two parts of the chapter ... More


Husserl and the Logic of Consciousness

Wayne M. Martin

in Phenomenology and Philosophy of Mind

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199272457
eISBN:
9780191709951
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199272457.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter explores one of the most problematic theoretical commitments of Edmund Husserl's phenomenological projects: the idea of a logic of consciousness or phenomeno-logic. It shows why Husserl ... More


Averroes' Physics: A Turning Point in Medieval Natural Philosophy

Ruth Glasner

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199567737
eISBN:
9780191721472
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199567737.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

For the first time Averroes' physics is studied on the basis of all available texts and versions of his three commentaries on Aristotle's Physics, including texts that are extant only in Hebrew ... More


Plato's Hesiod: not Plato's alone 1

Hugo Koning

in Plato and Hesiod

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199236343
eISBN:
9780191717130
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199236343.003.0006
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval

This chapter shows that Plato's view of Hesiod is shaped not only by a critical tradition that pairs him with Homer, but also by sophistic appropriations of a more specific kind. Prodicus in ... More


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