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Clinical Asthma Trials

Lainie Friedman Ross

in Children in Medical Research: Access versus Protection

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199273287
eISBN:
9780191603655
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199273286.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter examines four ethical issues raised by clinical asthma research involving children subjects: (1) to what extent are clinical asthma trials designed as placebo-controlled trials as ... More


The Ascetic Subject of Compliance: The Turn to Chronic Diseases in Global Health

Ian Whitmarsh

in When People Come First: Critical Studies in Global Health

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691157382
eISBN:
9781400846801
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691157382.003.0015
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

Compliance has become a principal public health issue of the twenty-first century, and compliance posits a figure with a responsibility to continually work to discipline the self into a biomedical ... More


When the Immune System Is the Problem, Not the Solution: Hypersensitivity and Allergy

William R. Clark

in In Defense of Self: How the Immune System Really Works

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195336634
eISBN:
9780199868568
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195336634.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

As scientists looked ever more closely at the immune system during the first half of the 20th century, it became apparent that in a number of situations exposure to a foreign antigen did not lead to ... More


Carpet Monsters

Nicholas P. Money

in Carpet Monsters and Killer Spores: A Natural History of Toxic Mold

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195172270
eISBN:
9780199790258
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195172270.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Microbiology

This chapter explains how mold spores can cause allergies. Spores carry proteins on their surface, and those that act as antigens can cause a cascade of immune responses resulting in the miseries of ... More


Humboldt Park:: A Community United to Challenge Asthma

Molly Martin and Juana Ballesteros

in Urban Health: Combating Disparities with Local Data

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199731190
eISBN:
9780199866465
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199731190.003.0012
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

The Sinai's Improving Community Health Survey found that Puerto Rican children had the highest asthma prevalence rate of all groups. Twenty-one percent of Puerto Rican children had diagnosed asthma ... More


Genetics of gene expression

Julian C. Knight

in Human Genetic Diversity: Functional Consequences for Health and Disease

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199227693
eISBN:
9780191711015
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199227693.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

This chapter discusses the role of genetic variation in modulating gene expression and how this can help resolve functionally important regulatory variants. The successful application of genetic ... More


Teaching chronic respiratory disease epidemiology

Josep M. Antó

in Teaching Epidemiology: A guide for teachers in epidemiology, public health and clinical medicine

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199239481
eISBN:
9780191716973
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199239481.003.021
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

The development of respiratory disease epidemiology is relatively recent compared to other disease-oriented epidemiologies, such as those devoted to infectious diseases, cancer, or cardiovascular ... More


Cardiovascular and respiratory system

Fabrizio Benedetti

in Placebo Effects: Understanding the mechanisms in health and disease

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199559121
eISBN:
9780191724022
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199559121.003.0007
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

Compared to other systems, little is known about the mechanisms of placebo and placebo-related effects in both the cardiovascular and the respiratory system. Side effects in placebo groups of ... More


Reversible Discrete Disease Processes: Asthma and Indoor Air, Dermatitis and Metalworking Fluids

Thomas J. Smith and David Kriebel

in A Biologic Approach to Environmental Assessment and Epidemiology

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195141566
eISBN:
9780199872145
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195141566.003.0014
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter illustrates the application of the disease process model approach to discrete reversible disease processes. The process model approach is applied in five steps: (1) identifying and ... More


Messages from Islands: A Global Biodiversity Tour

Ilkka Hanski

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780226406305
eISBN:
9780226406589
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226406589.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

From a small island in the Baltic Sea to the large tropical islands of Borneo and Madagascar, this book is a global tour of these natural, water-bound laboratories. The book draws upon the many ... More


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