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Introduction: What Do Corporations Do?

Masahiko Aoki

in Corporations in Evolving Diversity: Cognition, Governance, and Institutional Rules

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199218530
eISBN:
9780191711510
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199218530.003.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Corporate Governance and Accountability, Strategy

This introductory chapter first revisits the generic nature of corporations as perpetual entities that first emerged in non-business domains such as religion, education, and city learning before the ... More


Associative Learning Mechanisms in Vision

Marvin M. Chun and Nicholas B. Turk-Browne

in Visual Memory

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195305487
eISBN:
9780199894260
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195305487.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter begins with a review of behavioral evidence of associative learning in vision. It considers which types of associations can be learned, and then explores the properties and constraints ... More


Associative Networks: New Structures of Representation for the Popular Sectors?

Douglas A. Chalmers, Scott B. Martin, and Kerianne Piester

in The New Politics of Inequality in Latin America: Rethinking Participation and Representation

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198781837
eISBN:
9780191598968
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198781830.003.0022
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

Despite renewed awareness of poverty and inequality, there has been a marked absence of past forms of popular mobilization. Populist, corporatist, clientelist, and broad mobilization around parties ... More


Beyond Corporatism: New Patterns of Representation in the Brazilian Auto Industry

Scott B. Martin

in The New Politics of Inequality in Latin America: Rethinking Participation and Representation

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198781837
eISBN:
9780191598968
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198781830.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

Between 1991 and 1993, metalworkers’ unions, automotive firms, and state agencies in Brazil engaged in an institutionalized, comprehensive negotiation of industrial policy issues in auto ... More


Loose Ends and Larger Ambitions

Anne Phillips

in The Politics of Presence

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294153
eISBN:
9780191600098
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294158.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter addresses three issues. The first is whether the arguments for ensuring equal or proportionate representation by gender and ethnicity in legislative assemblies should also apply to ... More


Families, Nations, and Strangers *

Samuel Scheffler

in Boundaries and Allegiances: Problems of Justice and Responsibility in Liberal Thought

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199257676
eISBN:
9780191600197
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199257671.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Scheffler's main aim in this essay is to explore the nature of ‘associative duties’—the special duties that participants in close personal relationships and members of significant social groups are ... More


Liberalism, Nationalism, and Egalitarianism *

Samuel Scheffler

in Boundaries and Allegiances: Problems of Justice and Responsibility in Liberal Thought

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199257676
eISBN:
9780191600197
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199257671.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Liberalism today is criticized from the opposing standpoints of particularism and globalism, the former claiming that liberalism underestimates the importance of national, cultural, and communal ... More


Associative theory and the phenomena of perceptual learning

Geoffrey Hall

in Perceptual and Associative Learning

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198521822
eISBN:
9780191706677
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198521822.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter outlines what is referred to as the standard associative model, which is a summary of the basic principles common to various current theories of associative learning. This model concerns ... More


Latent Inhibition as associative interference

Geoffrey Hall

in Perceptual and Associative Learning

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198521822
eISBN:
9780191706677
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198521822.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter continues the discussion of latent inhibition, dealing with features of the phenomenon that cannot be accommodated by the attentional theories discussed in Chapter 3. Chief among these ... More


Visual Memory

Steven J. Luck and Andrew Hollingworth (eds)

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195305487
eISBN:
9780199894260
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195305487.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Vision and memory are two of the most intensively studied topics in psychology and neuroscience, and the intersection between them — visual memory — is emerging as a fertile ground for research. ... More


 Learning, Memory, and the Monkey Hippocampus

Wendy A. Suzuki

in Hippocampal Place Fields: Relevance to Learning and Memory

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195323245
eISBN:
9780199869268
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195323245.003.0016
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter reviews over thirty years of findings from behavioral neurophysiological recordings in the monkey hippocampus. It shows that consistent with the memory space hypothesis, hippocampal ... More


The Role of the Body in Infant Language Learning

Chen Yu and Dana H. Ballard

in The Spatial Foundations of Language and Cognition

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199553242
eISBN:
9780191720444
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199553242.003.0010
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

We show in a series of three related studies that intentional cues encoded in body movements can provide very specific gains to language learning. A computational model is developed on the basis of ... More


The Essential Child: Origins of Essentialism in Everyday Thought

Susan A. Gelman

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195154061
eISBN:
9780199786718
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195154061.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Essentialism is the idea that certain categories, such as “dog,” “man,” or “intelligence,” have an underlying reality or true nature that gives objects their identity. This book argues that ... More


Labour, charity and voluntary action: The myth of hostility

Nicholas Deakin and Justin Davis Smith

in The Ages of Voluntarism: How we got to the Big Society

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780197264829
eISBN:
9780191754036
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264829.003.0004
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter overturns the simplistic characterisation of the twentieth-century Labour party as antagonistic to voluntarism. As it sets out, while opposition to voluntarism has indeed been a theme ... More


 Selection between Competing Responses Based on Conditional Rules

Michael Petrides

in Neuroscience of Rule-Guided Behavior

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195314274
eISBN:
9780199786695
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195314274.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

An important aspect of the control of behavior is the selection of appropriate action guided by learned conditional rules. This chapter reviews research showing that patients with unilateral frontal ... More


Acquired distinctiveness: mediation and differentiation

Geoffrey Hall

in Perceptual and Associative Learning

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198521822
eISBN:
9780191706677
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198521822.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter provides a review of experiments (conducted for the most part with human participants) intended to show that perceptual learning will go on during the course of explicit discrimination ... More


Discrimination after stimulus exposure

Geoffrey Hall

in Perceptual and Associative Learning

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198521822
eISBN:
9780191706677
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198521822.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter continues the discussion of animal discrimination learning, concentrating on the effects produced by giving the animals prior exposure to the stimuli to be discriminated. The experiments ... More


Learning and the modification of stimulus representations

Geoffrey Hall

in Perceptual and Associative Learning

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198521822
eISBN:
9780191706677
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198521822.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter summarizes the way in which the evidence described in previous chapters has necessitated modifications and extensions to the standard associative model described in Chapter 2. It ... More


Meaning and Semantic Memory

Allan Paivio

in Mental Representations: A dual coding approach

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195066661
eISBN:
9780199894086
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195066661.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter applies dual coding theory to problems of meaning and semantic memory. Illustrative studies that bear directly on dual coding predictions concerning meaning and semantic memory processes ... More


Episodic Memory

Allan Paivio

in Mental Representations: A dual coding approach

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195066661
eISBN:
9780199894086
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195066661.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter presents a case for the dual coding approach as well as for the constructive-empiricist philosophy of science that the approach represents. Dual coding theory and the convergent ... More


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