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When Truth Gives Out

Mark Richard

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199239955
eISBN:
9780191716881
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199239955.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Language

Is the point of belief and assertion invariably to think or say something true? Is the truth of a belief or assertion absolute, or is it only relative to human interests? Most philosophers think it ... More


Relative Truth

Manuel García-Carpintero and Max Kölbel (eds)

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199234950
eISBN:
9780191715846
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199234950.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Language

The truth of an utterance depends on various factors. Usually these factors are assumed to be: the meaning of the sentence uttered; the context in which the utterance was made; and the way things are ... More


The Case for Contextualism: Knowledge, Skepticism, and Context, Vol. 1

Keith DeRose

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199564460
eISBN:
9780191721410
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199564460.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Language

Contextualism is the view that the epistemic standards that a subject must meet in order for a sentence attributing knowledge to her to be true vary according to the contexts in which those sentences ... More


Epistemic Luck

Duncan Pritchard

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199280384
eISBN:
9780191602290
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019928038X.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

One of the key supposed ‘platitudes’ of contemporary epistemology is the claim that knowledge excludes luck. One can see the attraction of such a claim, in that knowledge is something that one can ... More


Truth and the Expressing in Expressivism

Stephen Barker

in Metaethics after Moore

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199269914
eISBN:
9780191710032
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199269914.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

This chapter proposes a new framework for metaethical expressivism that involves a combination of several elements. First, it claims that evaluative sentences are used to make genuine assertions, and ... More


Aristotle's De Interpretatione: Contradiction and Dialectic

C. W. A. Whitaker

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199254194
eISBN:
9780191598654
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199254192.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

The De Interpretatione is one of Aristotle's core works, containing highly influential analyses of the basic elements of language and the nature of truth and falsehood, as well as the famous ... More


Introduction

Patrick Greenough and Duncan Pritchard

in Williamson on Knowledge

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199287512
eISBN:
9780191713620
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199287512.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, General

This introductory chapter presents an overview of the key epistemological themes in the work of Timothy Williamson, including: ‘knowledge-first’ epistemology, knowledge as a state of mind, cognitive ... More


Sentences, Assertion, and the Semantics–Pragmatics Boundary

Robert J. Stainton

in Words and Thoughts: Subsentences, Ellipsis, and the Philosophy of Language

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199250387
eISBN:
9780191719523
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199250387.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter focuses on the speech act of assertion. In the first section, it considers whether what makes something an assertion is a matter of semantics — where, in this context, ‘semantic’ is used ... More


Epistemological Disjunctivism

Duncan Pritchard

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199557912
eISBN:
9780191743290
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557912.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This book offers a defence of epistemological disjunctivism. This is an account of perceptual knowledge which contends that such knowledge is paradigmatically constituted by a true belief which ... More


Chapter 12: Modal Assertions

C. W. A. Whitaker

in Aristotle's De Interpretatione: Contradiction and Dialectic

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199254194
eISBN:
9780191598654
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199254192.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Aristotle now turns his attention to assertions involving the ideas of necessity and possibility, and examines how they should be arranged into their correct contradictory pairs. Here, he argues, the ... More


Chapter 4: Phrases and Assertions

C. W. A. Whitaker

in Aristotle's De Interpretatione: Contradiction and Dialectic

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199254194
eISBN:
9780191598654
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199254192.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Aristotle moves on to define longer utterances, distinguishing those, which possess truth‐value, from those such as prayers, which do not. Also, no single word can be an assertion, since an assertion ... More


Chapter 5: Simple and Compound Assertions

C. W. A. Whitaker

in Aristotle's De Interpretatione: Contradiction and Dialectic

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199254194
eISBN:
9780191598654
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199254192.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This chapter offers two criteria for the unity of an assertion: the semantic claim that a single assertion is one which claims one thing about one thing, and the syntactic claim that an assertion may ... More


Chapter 6: Contradictory Pairs

C. W. A. Whitaker

in Aristotle's De Interpretatione: Contradiction and Dialectic

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199254194
eISBN:
9780191598654
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199254192.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This chapter, which concludes the introductory section of the work, narrows the focus to simple assertions. Aristotle demonstrates with brilliant neatness that all such assertions either affirm or ... More


Introduction

Jason Stanley

in Knowledge and Practical Interests

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199288038
eISBN:
9780191603679
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199288038.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter lays out the basic evidence for the thesis that whether or not someone knows a proposition at a given time is partly determined by his or her practical interests. It considers and ... More


Commercial Applications of Skepticism

Roy Sorensen

in Pyrrhonian Skepticism

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195169720
eISBN:
9780199786343
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195169727.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This essay argues that Pyrrhonian skeptics, including Fogelin, are conditional skeptics, and hence not really skeptics at all. Conditional skeptics refute themselves, for when they assert ... More


The Rhetoric of Primer, Commentary, Canon

Tony K. Stewart

in The Final Word: The Caitanya Caritamrita and the Grammar of Religious Tradition

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195392722
eISBN:
9780199777327
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195392722.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism

The Caitanya caritāmṛta opened with the doctrine of the pañca tattva, the theological basis for Caitanya’s descent with his retinue, dhāma, whose individuals were named by the hundreds. To articulate ... More


Norms of Assertion and Testimonial Knowledge

Jennifer Lackey

in Learning from Words: Testimony as a Source of Knowledge

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199219162
eISBN:
9780191711824
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199219162.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter examines a further objection that has been raised to the view defended in this book — an objection that is grounded in a widely accepted thesis about the norm governing proper assertion. ... More


Assertion: New Philosophical Essays

Jessica Brown and Herman Cappelen (eds)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199573004
eISBN:
9780191595127
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199573004.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This volume brings together new chapters on assertion by leading epistemologists and philosophers of language. The chapters are arranged into two sections. The chapters in the first section address ... More


The Pragmatic Fallacy (1991) *

Nathan Salmon

in Content, Cognition, and Communication: Philosophical Papers II

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199284726
eISBN:
9780191713774
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199284726.003.0017
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter exposes a fallacy commonly committed in arguments concerning the philosophy of semantics. The Pragmatic Fallacy consists in inferring a semantic property of an expression from the ... More


Vagueness as Semantic

Max Kölbel

in Cuts and Clouds: Vagueness, its Nature, & its Logic

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199570386
eISBN:
9780191722134
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199570386.003.0018
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter argues that vagueness, understood as a semantic phenomenon, can be accommodated within standard semantics by assimilating it to contingency in standard modal semantics and suitably ... More


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