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Introduction: The ‘Picture Theory of Science’

Bas C. van Fraassen

in Scientific Representation: Paradoxes of Perspective

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199278220
eISBN:
9780191707926
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199278220.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Science

The Bildtheorie — ‘picture theory of science’ — formed the frame for much discussion and controversy among physicists in the decades around the year 1900. It emphasizes one aspect believed to be ... More


Attraction and Enchantment: Fibulae

Peter S. Wells

in How Ancient Europeans Saw the World: Vision, Patterns, and the Shaping of the Mind in Prehistoric Times

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691143385
eISBN:
9781400844777
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691143385.003.0006
Subject:
Archaeology, Historical Archaeology

This chapter is devoted to fibulae, which are clothing pins that operated on the same principle as the modern safety pin. The style of fibulae changed relatively rapidly throughout the Bronze and ... More


Status and Violence: Swords and Scabbards

Peter S. Wells

in How Ancient Europeans Saw the World: Vision, Patterns, and the Shaping of the Mind in Prehistoric Times

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691143385
eISBN:
9781400844777
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691143385.003.0007
Subject:
Archaeology, Historical Archaeology

This chapter focuses on sword and scabbards. Swords were important visual objects, larger than most other objects in Bronze and Iron Age Europe, and their shape made them visually striking. Two parts ... More


Objects and Persons

Trenton Merricks

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199245369
eISBN:
9780191598036
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199245363.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

There are no statues or rocks or chairs. But there are microscopic objects arranged statuewise and rockwise and chairwise. Moreover, there are—in addition to microscopic objects arranged ... More


Removal of MRI Artifacts from EEG Recordings

Tom Eichele, Matthias Moosmann, Lei Wu, Ingmar Gutberlet, and Stefan Debener

in Simultaneous EEG and fMRI: Recording, Analysis, and Application

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195372731
eISBN:
9780199776283
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195372731.003.0006
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

The simultaneous recording of electroencephalogram (EEG) and functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) provides several advantages over multimodal integration based on separate EEG and fMRI ... More


Using ICA for the Analysis of Multi-Channel EEG Data

Stefan Debener, Jeremy Thorne, Till R. Schneider, and Filipa Campos Viola

in Simultaneous EEG and fMRI: Recording, Analysis, and Application

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195372731
eISBN:
9780199776283
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195372731.003.0008
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

Independent component analysis (ICA) is a linear decomposition technique that aims to reveal the underlying statistical sources of mixed signals. The EEG signal consists of a mixture of various brain ... More


Democracy as a Gamble Worth Taking

Hélène Landemore

in Democratic Reason: Politics, Collective Intelligence, and the Rule of the Many

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691155654
eISBN:
9781400845538
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691155654.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This concluding chapter returns to the metaphor of the maze and the masses introduced in the first chapter and addresses a few concerns about the possibility of democratic “unreason.” Introducing the ... More


Constitution

Eric T. Olson

in What Are We?: A Study in Personal Ontology

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195176421
eISBN:
9780199872008
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195176421.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter is about the view that we are material things constituted by organisms; this view is advocated by Baker, Shoemaker, and others. Each of us is made of the same matter as an organism, but ... More


Art: Biology and Culture

Anjan Chatterjee

in The Aesthetic Brain: How We Evolved to Desire Beauty and Enjoy Art

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199811809
eISBN:
9780199369546
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199811809.003.0018
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

If art is everywhere and it has always been with us and we so enjoy it, something about it must be vital to our being the way that food and sex are vital to our being. Claiming art’s vitality is but ... More


Mississippian Mortuary Practices: Beyond Hierarchy and the Representationist Perspective

Robert C. Mainfort

Lynne P. Sullivan (ed.)

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813034263
eISBN:
9780813039619
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813034263.001.0001
Subject:
Archaeology, Prehistoric Archaeology

The residents of Mississippian towns principally located in the southeastern and midwestern United States from 900 to 1500 A.D. made many beautiful objects, which included elaborate and well-crafted ... More


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