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Prevention of Bug Bites, Stings, and Disease

Daniel Strickman, Stephen P Frances, and Mustapha Debboun

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195365771
eISBN:
9780199867677
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195365771.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Natural History and Field Guides

Venoms from scorpions, spiders, centipedes, ants, wasps, and bees can be very poisonous, or induce serious allergic reactions. Blood sucking mites, ticks, lice, bed bugs, kissing bugs, sand flies, ... More


Polarization Vision

Thomas W. Cronin, Sönke Johnsen, N. Justin Marshall, and Eric J. Warrant

in Visual Ecology

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151847
eISBN:
9781400853021
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151847.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter explores how polarization sensitivity is achieved in animals and how it is used in natural behavior. Arthropods are famous for their polarization sensitivity, but other animals, ... More


Computational reconstruction of ancestral genomic regions from evolutionarily conserved gene clusters

Etienne G.J. Danchin, Eric A. Gaucher, and Pierre Pontarotti

in Ancestral Sequence Reconstruction

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199299188
eISBN:
9780191714979
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199299188.003.0013
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Gene clusters that are evolutionarily conserved between different species can result from a common ancestral genomic region. By identifying and comparing conserved gene clusters between different ... More


Host selection and its role in transmission of arboviral encephalitides

Robert S. Unnasch, Eddie W. Cupp, and Thomas R. Unnasch

in Disease Ecology: Community structure and pathogen dynamics

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198567080
eISBN:
9780191717871
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567080.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

Several highly virulent, arthropod-borne viruses (arboviruses) that cause serious human neurological diseases, such as West Nile encephalomyelitis, are transmitted by mosquitoes that feed on both ... More


Location, Location, Location

Daniel Strickman, Stephen P. Frances, and Mustapha Debboun

in Prevention of Bug Bites, Stings, and Disease

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195365771
eISBN:
9780199867677
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195365771.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Natural History and Field Guides

One of the most effective ways to avoid bites is to not be in the same place as the pests. Some kinds of biting arthropods only live in certain parts of the world or only live where climate is ... More


Stop Them at the Source

Daniel Strickman, Stephen P. Frances, and Mustapha Debboun

in Prevention of Bug Bites, Stings, and Disease

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195365771
eISBN:
9780199867677
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195365771.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Natural History and Field Guides

When biting arthropods are a problem, the logical first step is to be sure that one's home or property is not the source of the bugs through proper management and maintenance. There are a number of ... More


Will It Hurt?: Toxic Stings and Bites

Daniel Strickman, Stephen P. Frances, and Mustapha Debboun

in Prevention of Bug Bites, Stings, and Disease

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195365771
eISBN:
9780199867677
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195365771.003.0013
Subject:
Biology, Natural History and Field Guides

Unlike the bloodsucking arthropods, the venomous arthropods bite or sting humans in self‐defense. Most of the scorpions, spiders, centipedes, wasps, ants, and bees avoid people. Some species like to ... More


ECDYSOZOA

Claus Nielsen

in Animal Evolution: Interrelationships of the Living Phyla

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199606023
eISBN:
9780191774706
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199606023.003.0042
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Animal Biology

The Ecdysozoa is a clade whose ‘defining’ apomorphy is the moulting of the cuticle (ecdysis), although a few annelids have also shown complete or partial moulting. Ecdysis appears to be regulated by ... More


PANARTHROPODA

Claus Nielsen

in Animal Evolution: Interrelationships of the Living Phyla

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199606023
eISBN:
9780191774706
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199606023.003.0043
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Animal Biology

The Panarthropoda is a group of segmented ecdysozoans arranged into three phyla: Arthropoda, Onychophora, and Tardigrada. The panarthropods are almost unanimously regarded as monophyletic, and ... More


Introduction

Nancy E. McIntyre

in Urban Ecology: Patterns, Processes, and Applications

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199563562
eISBN:
9780191774713
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199563562.003.0016
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This section deals with ecology of cities, with an emphasis on processes that affect the biodiversity of flora and vegetation in urban environments. Adopting an explicitly taxonomic-centred view, it ... More


Introducing Crabs

Judith S. Weis

in Walking Sideways: The Remarkable World of Crabs

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801450501
eISBN:
9780801466045
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801450501.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This introductory chapter looks into the physiology and diversity of crabs, including certain species which defy conventional definitions of what a crab is. It largely concerns itself with the ... More


Arthropod Navigation: Ants, Bees, Crabs, Spiders Finding Their Way

Ken Cheng

in Comparative Cognition: Experimental Explorations of Animal Intelligence

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195377804
eISBN:
9780199848461
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195377804.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Arthropods are a much-studied group of animals, characterized by a hard exoskeleton and no internal bones. They include insects, spiders, and ... More


Paleontological Context

Michel Laurin

in How Vertebrates Left the Water

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520266476
eISBN:
9780520947986
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520266476.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter presents a brief survey of the appearance and evolution of various taxa in continental habitats, first discussing the evolutionary history of terrestrial plants, arthropods, mollusks, ... More


Phylum Arthropoda

Claus Nielsen

in Animal Evolution: Interrelationships of the Living Phyla

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199606023
eISBN:
9780191774706
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199606023.003.0044
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Animal Biology

The Arthropoda is one of the largest phyla in the animal kingdom, with the insects alone purportedly consisting of several million living species. The other arthropods are estimated to be more than ... More


Effects of Urbanization on the Ecology and Evolution of Arthropods

Johan Kotze, Stephen Venn, Jari Niemelä, and John Spence

in Urban Ecology: Patterns, Processes, and Applications

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199563562
eISBN:
9780191774713
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199563562.003.0019
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Urbanisation impacts arthropod communities negatively but also creates opportunities for some species. Given their vital role in ecosystem function, arthropods are important components of urban ... More


Dispersal syndromes in butterflies and spiders

Dries Bonte and Marjo Saastamoinen

in Dispersal Ecology and Evolution

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199608898
eISBN:
9780191774560
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199608898.003.0013
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter illustrates how understanding the way dispersal influences, and is influenced by, the behavioural and/or life-history traits that are associated with it requires an understanding of the ... More


The First Catastrophe and Retreat

George R. McGhee

in When the Invasion of Land Failed: The Legacy of the Devonian Extinctions

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231160575
eISBN:
9780231536363
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231160575.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Paleontology

This chapter describes the End-Frasnian Catastrophe. In the end of Frasnian period, the vertebrates and arthropods on land began to die in greater numbers. Reproduction rates in the living fell, and ... More


Invertebrates of the Serengeti: Disturbance Effects on Arthropod Diversity and Abundance

Sara N. de Visser, Bernd P. Freymann, Robert F. Foster, Ally K. Nkwabi, Kristine L. Metzger, Andrew W. Harvey, and Anthony R. E. Sinclair

in Serengeti IV: Sustaining biodiversity in a coupled human-natural system

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780226195834
eISBN:
9780226196336
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226196336.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Our understanding of Serengeti’s invertebrates greatly lags behind our knowledge of Serengeti’s vertebrates. However, here we show some examples of interesting ecological interactions between these ... More


Worms, Leeches, Centipedes, Woodlice, etc

Ian C. Beavis

in Insects and other Invertebrates in Classical Antiquity

Published in print:
1988
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780859892841
eISBN:
9781781380598
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9780859892841.003.0001
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

This chapter describes the following: earthworms (Ges enteron/Lumbricus); leeches (Bdella/Hirudo); centipedes (Skolopendra/Centipes); and millipedes and woodlice (Ioulos, and Oniskos/Multipeda). It ... More


The invertebrate fossil record

T.S. Kemp

in The Origin of Higher Taxa: Palaeobiological, developmental, and ecological perspectives

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
December 2015
ISBN:
9780199691883
eISBN:
9780191807565
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199691883.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Molecular sequence data has resulted in a largely agreed, well-resolved phylogeny of the invertebrates. The fossil Lagerstätten of the Cambrian contain several possible stem members of invertebrate ... More


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