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Zeno's Arrow Paradox

Nick Huggett

in Everywhere and Everywhen: Adventures in Physics and Philosophy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195379518
eISBN:
9780199776559
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195379518.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This pair of chapters discuss Zeno's paradoxes and some of their modern descendants: the ‘dichotomy’, the ‘arrow’, and the ‘supertasks’ of Thompson's lamp and Bernadete. These paradoxes arise from ... More


Conclusion

CATHERINE OSBORNE

in Eros Unveiled: Plato and the God of Love

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198267669
eISBN:
9780191683336
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198267669.003.0010
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies, Religion in the Ancient World

There are two main claims that this book tries to defend. One is that the correct way to understand the ancient tradition concerning Eros is to see love as inexplicable, in the way suggested by the ... More


 Just Playing?

Ken Binmore

in Playing for Real: Game Theory

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780195300574
eISBN:
9780199783748
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300574.003.0019
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This chapter offers an approach to applying game theory to David Hume's ideas on moral philosophy. It begins by explaining how the Humean approach allows a different interpretation of experimental ... More


Where There's a Will There's a Way: Causation and Freedom

Robert Hanna

in Kant, Science, and Human Nature

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199285549
eISBN:
9780191713965
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199285549.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter explores the same basic Kantian presuppositional links with respect to causation. It begins by unpacking the basics of Kant's metaphysics of causation, with special reference to the ... More


Collective Choice and Voting

ROBERT V. DODGE

in Schelling's Game Theory: How to Make Decisions

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199857203
eISBN:
9780199932597
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199857203.003.0015
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Behavioural Economics

This chapter begins with a brief voting discussion and then presents a problem and explanation from Schelling's course. It looks at sincere and strategic voting, the idea of a secret ballot, selling ... More


The Arrow of Radiation

Mathias Frisch

in Inconsistency, Asymmetry, and Non-Locality: A Philosophical Investigation of Classical Electrodynamics

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780195172157
eISBN:
9780199835294
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195172159.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter examines the relations between the arrow of radiation and other temporal arrows. It looks at the ‘puzzle of the arrow of radiation’ by Einstein and Popper, partly to correct ... More


Zeno's Paradoxes

Nick Huggett

in Everywhere and Everywhen: Adventures in Physics and Philosophy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195379518
eISBN:
9780199776559
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195379518.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This pair of chapters discuss Zeno's paradoxes and some of their modern descendants: the ‘dichotomy’, the ‘arrow’, and the ‘supertasks’ of Thompson's lamp and Bernadete. These paradoxes arise from ... More


Time

Nick Huggett

in Everywhere and Everywhen: Adventures in Physics and Philosophy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195379518
eISBN:
9780199776559
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195379518.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

These chapters investigate time, especially comparing the dimensions of time space. Many intuit that the two are fundamentally different, for instance because time ‘flows’ and space does not. While ... More


Time and Tralfamadore

Nick Huggett

in Everywhere and Everywhen: Adventures in Physics and Philosophy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195379518
eISBN:
9780199776559
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195379518.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

These chapters investigate time, especially comparing the dimensions of time space. Many intuit that the two are fundamentally different, for instance because time ‘flows’ and space does not. While ... More


A Simple Exposition of Learning by Doing in Endogenous Growth Theory

Dipankar Dasgupta

in Dimensions of Economic Theory and Policy: Essays for Anjan Mukherji

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198073970
eISBN:
9780199081615
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198073970.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This chapter presents a unified framework for understanding the implication of ‘learning by doing’ in endogenous growth models. It considers three different ways in which the concept of ‘learning by ... More


Time and the Social Discount Rate

Chris Jones

in Applied Welfare Economics

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199281978
eISBN:
9780191602535
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199281971.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

Many policies impact on inter-temporal consumption choices, with taxes on capital income being the most obvious example. This chapter examines the welfare effects of linear and non-linear personal ... More


Epistemic Failures of Majority Rule: Real and Imagined

Hélène Landemore

in Democratic Reason: Politics, Collective Intelligence, and the Rule of the Many

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691155654
eISBN:
9781400845538
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691155654.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter addresses a series of objections to the claimed epistemic properties of majority rule and, more generally, aggregation of judgments. It first considers a general objection to the ... More


The Means of Violence

Barbara Donagan

in War in England 1642-1649

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199285181
eISBN:
9780191713668
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199285181.003.0006
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

This chapter discusses weapons used in the English civil war. Civil war armies used a transitional mixture of firearms and ‘muscle-powered weapons’ ranging from heavy artillery to clubs. Even the bow ... More


Why Study Brain Dynamics?

nityam anityam, Partha P. Mitra, and Hemant Bokil

in Observed Brain Dynamics

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195178081
eISBN:
9780199864829
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195178081.003.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter addresses a number of general questions regarding the dynamics of the nervous system. The first question is concerned with why we are interested in dynamics at all: in this context, the ... More


Innovation Markets: Saving Lives and Money in the Pharmaceutical Industry

Michael A. Carrier

in Innovation for the 21st Century: Harnessing the Power of Intellectual Property and Antitrust Law

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195342581
eISBN:
9780199867035
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195342581.003.0013
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

This chapter begins by defining innovation markets, which are markets for research and development (R&D). It then sets forth the critiques that have been leveled against the markets. It proposes a ... More


Mass Espionage: Western Spying in Germany 1945–61

Paul Maddrell

in Spying on Science: Western Intelligence in Divided Germany 1945-1961

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199267507
eISBN:
9780191708404
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199267507.003.0006
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter discusses that traditional espionage using human spies peaked in Germany in the years 1945-1961. It explains two goals in conducting espionage in East Germany: to provide warning of any ... More


About Choice

S. N. Afriat

in Logic of Choice and Economic Theory

Published in print:
1987
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198284611
eISBN:
9780191595844
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198284616.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

The chapter is concerned with the generalities of choice and the optimum. Its eight sections are: forming a choice; demand as choice; choice functions; the optimum; optimal choice functions; revealed ... More


Processes of Choice

S. N. Afriat

in Logic of Choice and Economic Theory

Published in print:
1987
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198284611
eISBN:
9780191595844
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198284616.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This chapter deals with choice functions and preferences, and with the search and elimination processes involved in making a choice. Its five sections are: search and elimination; binary choice; ... More


Democratic Choice

S. N. Afriat

in Logic of Choice and Economic Theory

Published in print:
1987
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198284611
eISBN:
9780191595844
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198284616.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

The chapter discusses group choice. It is seen that, with group choice determined as a function of individual choices, democratically required neutralities inevitably lead to the ordinary voting ... More


Budget Allocation and Priority

S. N. Afriat

in Logic of Choice and Economic Theory

Published in print:
1987
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198284611
eISBN:
9780191595844
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198284616.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This chapter comments on conventional consumer theory looked at from the point of view of a simple consumer who does not understand enough of partial differential equations to implement the usual ... More


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