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Brain Aromatase, Estrogens, and Behavior

Jacques Balthazart and Gregory Ball (eds)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199841196
eISBN:
9780199979837
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199841196.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

Aromatase—or estrogen, as it is commonly known—is present in the brain and has been the subject of much recent research, not only with regard to menopause and the dwindling supply of estrogen and its ... More


Aromatase and Behavior: Concepts Gained from Studies of Aromatase in the Avian Brain

Barney Schlinger and Jacques Balthazart

in Brain Aromatase, Estrogens, and Behavior

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199841196
eISBN:
9780199979837
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199841196.003.0010
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

Avian studies have played a pivotal role in our appreciation of the importance of brain aromatization, the mechanics of neuroestrogen production, and the roles of neuroestrogens in organization of ... More


Testosterone Metabolism in Reptiles

Rachel E. Cohen and Juli Wade

in Brain Aromatase, Estrogens, and Behavior

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199841196
eISBN:
9780199979837
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199841196.003.0012
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

In the brain, testosterone (T) can be metabolized into estradiol via the action of the aromatase enzyme, and into 5α-dihydrotestosterone via the action of the 5α-reductase (5αR) enzyme. This chapter ... More


Aromatase, Low Temperature Dormancy, and Reproduction in the Red-Sided Garter Snake

Randolph W. Krohmer

in Brain Aromatase, Estrogens, and Behavior

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199841196
eISBN:
9780199979837
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199841196.003.0013
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

The red-sided garter snake (RSGS) exhibits a dissociated reproductive pattern, mating when gonads are inactive. Although it is now recognized that sex steroid hormone plasma concentrations remain ... More


Differential Actions of Estrogens in the Male and Female Brain: A Case for Sex-Specific Medicines

Glenda E. Gillies

in Brain Aromatase, Estrogens, and Behavior

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199841196
eISBN:
9780199979837
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199841196.003.0014
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

Estrogens are ubiquitous hormones that are now known to have profound effects in the brain of both males and females across species. Available clinical and preclinical data indicate the potential for ... More


Aromatase and Sexual Differentiation of the Rodent Brain: The Old, the New, and the Unexpected

Margaret M. McCarthy, Christopher L. Wright, and Anne T. M. Konkle

in Brain Aromatase, Estrogens, and Behavior

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199841196
eISBN:
9780199979837
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199841196.003.0016
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

The central role of neuronal aromatase activity in masculinization of the rodent brain has been firmly established for almost 40 years, yet the myriad of mechanisms by which the principal product of ... More


Aromatase, Estrogens, and Differentiation of Sexual Behavior and Partner Preference in Birds

Elizabeth Adkins-Regan

in Brain Aromatase, Estrogens, and Behavior

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199841196
eISBN:
9780199979837
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199841196.003.0018
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

Birds show a rich array of sexually differentiated behavior. Research on two species, the Japanese quail and the zebra finch, is the source of most of what is known to date about the role of hormones ... More


Cellular Mechanisms Controlling Rapid Changes in Brain Aromatase Activity

Thierry D. Charlier, Charlotte A. Cornil, Gregory F. Ball, and Jacques Balthazart

in Brain Aromatase, Estrogens, and Behavior

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199841196
eISBN:
9780199979837
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199841196.003.0022
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

Beside their action at the genomic level, estrogens such as 17β-estradiol (E2) also activate rapid and transient cellular, physiological, and behavioral changes. Aromatase is the key limiting enzyme ... More


The Distribution and Regulation of Aromatase in the Mammalian Brain: from Mice to Monkeys

Charles E. Roselli

in Brain Aromatase, Estrogens, and Behavior

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199841196
eISBN:
9780199979837
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199841196.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

The mammalian brain produces low levels of estrogens relative to the ovary and placenta, but by restricting synthesis to the site of estrogen action is able to exert powerful effects on neural ... More


Multiple Forms of Aromatase in Suiformes: Tissue Distribution, Regulation, and Functional Significance

Alan Conley, Veronica N. Orr, Brian C. Trainor, Trish Berger, and Austin Hughes

in Brain Aromatase, Estrogens, and Behavior

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199841196
eISBN:
9780199979837
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199841196.003.0004
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

Pigs have three CYP19 genes encoding functional paralogues of aromatase cytochrome P450 expressed tissue specifically in the gonads/hypothalamus, placenta, and preimplantation blastocyst. Gene ... More


Regional Distribution of Aromatase in the Human Brain

Anat Biegon, Joanna Fowler, Sunny Kim, Jean Logan, Deborah Pareto, and Gene-Jack Wang

in Brain Aromatase, Estrogens, and Behavior

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199841196
eISBN:
9780199979837
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199841196.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

Aromatase catalyzes the last step in the biosynthesis of estrogens in humans as well as in other species. The regional distribution and cellular and subcellular expression of human brain aromatase ... More


Expression, Regulation, and Potential Functions of Aromatase in Radial Glial Cells of the Fish Brain

Elisabeth Pellegrini, Colette Vaillant, Nicolas Diotel, Pascal Benquet, François Brion, and Olivier Kah

in Brain Aromatase, Estrogens, and Behavior

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199841196
eISBN:
9780199979837
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199841196.003.0007
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

Brain aromatase in fish is an exciting research topic because of several unconventional features that challenge the established view based on studies in other vertebrates. First, the brain of teleost ... More


The Aromatization Hypothesis, 1970–1990

Lynwood G. Clemens

in Brain Aromatase, Estrogens, and Behavior

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199841196
eISBN:
9780199979837
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199841196.003.0009
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

In the 1970s Carlos Beyers and his colleagues demonstrated that androgens that cannot be aromatized to estrogen also do not mimic testosterone in some test situations. These early tests of the ... More


Breast Cancer

Rulla Tamimi, Susan Hankinson, and Pagona Lagiou

in Textbook of Cancer Epidemiology

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
February 2018
ISBN:
9780190676827
eISBN:
9780190676858
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190676827.003.0016
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology, Public Health

Most of the established reproductive risk factors for breast cancer, like age at menarche or parity, are not appropriate for public health intervention. Several lines of evidence, like the ... More


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