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Separate and Unequal: Black Americans and the US Federal Government

Desmond King

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198292494
eISBN:
9780191599682
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019829249X.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

Desmond King argues that the US federal government was inherently unequal in their treatment of Black Americans both in its own ranks as well as through federal programmes, especially before the ... More


The Internationalization of European Armed Forces

Frédéric Mérand

in European Defence Policy: Beyond the Nation State

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199533244
eISBN:
9780191714474
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199533244.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, European Union

Thanks to the integrated structures of the Atlantic Alliance and the growth of multinational interventions since the end of the Cold War, West European armed forces increasingly look like ... More


The Principle of Distinction under International Humanitarian Law

Nils Melzer

in Targeted Killing in International Law

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199533169
eISBN:
9780191714511
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199533169.003.0011
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Public International Law

This chapter examines the principle of distinction in contemporary International Humanitarian Law (IHL). As a general rule, the principle of distinction permits direct attacks only against the armed ... More


After Military Rule in Asia: South Korea, Thailand, and Indonesia

Zoltan Barany

in The Soldier and the Changing State: Building Democratic Armies in Africa, Asia, Europe, and the Americas

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691137681
eISBN:
9781400845491
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691137681.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter discusses three Asian states: South Korea, Thailand, and Indonesia. The “good” case, South Korea, has been remarkably successful in consolidating democracy and carving out a proper place ... More


After World War II: Germany, Japan, and Hungary

Zoltan Barany

in The Soldier and the Changing State: Building Democratic Armies in Africa, Asia, Europe, and the Americas

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691137681
eISBN:
9781400845491
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691137681.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter examines the democratization of civil–military relations in two former fascist dictatorships, postwar Germany and Japan, whose armies had destroyed and terrorized large swathes of the ... More


After Colonial Rule in Africa: Ghana, Tanzania, and Botswana

Zoltan Barany

in The Soldier and the Changing State: Building Democratic Armies in Africa, Asia, Europe, and the Americas

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691137681
eISBN:
9781400845491
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691137681.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter focuses on Ghana, Tanzania, and Botswana. During the periods under study here, Ghana experienced intermittent military rule while Tanzania was a socialist state; their armed forces were ... More


After (Re)Unification and Apartheid: Germany, South Africa, and Yemen

Zoltan Barany

in The Soldier and the Changing State: Building Democratic Armies in Africa, Asia, Europe, and the Americas

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691137681
eISBN:
9781400845491
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691137681.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter discusses three different but equally intriguing cases where two entities are brought together or brought together again. In that of Germany, the armed forces of the newly reunified ... More


“Sincere and Steady Efforts”: Denouement

Ray A. Moore and Donald L. Robinson

in Partners for Democracy: Crafting the New Japanese State Under MacArthur

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195151169
eISBN:
9780199833917
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019515116X.003.0020
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

Recounts the climax in the House of Representatives over constitutional revision. (In Japan's new democratic dispensation, the popularly elected lower house had controlling power.) Ch. 18 tells how ... More


After Civil War: Bosnia and Herzegovina, El Salvador, and Lebanon

Zoltan Barany

in The Soldier and the Changing State: Building Democratic Armies in Africa, Asia, Europe, and the Americas

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691137681
eISBN:
9781400845491
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691137681.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter looks at the army building in three very different political environments: the war in Bosnia and Herzegovina, the Lebanese civil war (1975–90), and the civil war in El Salvador ... More


Postmodernization Erodes Respect for Authority, But Increases Support for Democracy

Ronald Inglehart

in Critical Citizens: Global Support for Democratic Government

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198295686
eISBN:
9780191600043
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198295685.003.0012
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Presents an analysis of the reasons for the post‐modern shift to declining respect for/deference to authority among the publics of advanced industrial societies, and of the accompanying growing ... More


Employment

Jan‐Erik Lane, David McKay, and Kenneth Newton

in Political Data Handbook: OECD Countries

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780198280538
eISBN:
9780191601934
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019828053X.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Reference

This section presents employment statistics on OECD countries. It features tables on labour force, employment by sectors, armed forces, producers of government services, government employment, ... More


‘The Most Revolutionary Force’: When American Armies Arrive . . .

David Ellwood

in The Shock of America: Europe and the Challenge of the Century

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198228790
eISBN:
9780191741739
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198228790.003.0009
Subject:
History, European Modern History, American History: 20th Century

The chapter debates the role of the US armed services as transmission agents for American models of modernity, conscious and otherwise, and their reception as such in a variety of European contexts ... More


Conclusion

Ray A. Moore and Donald L. Robinson

in Partners for Democracy: Crafting the New Japanese State Under MacArthur

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195151169
eISBN:
9780199833917
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019515116X.003.0024
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

The Conclusion notes that Japanese political leaders are currently considering whether to amend their Constitution, particularly article 9, renouncing war and armed forces. In this light, it is ... More


Chaplaincies

Julian Rivers

in The Law of Organized Religions: Between Establishment and Secularism

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199226108
eISBN:
9780191594243
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199226108.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration

Chaplaincies are a familiar feature of public institutions such as the armed forces, prisons, hospitals, universities, and other professional and industrial contexts. This chapter sets out and ... More


Private Military and Security Companies in Non-international Armed Conflicts: Ius ad Bellum and Ius in Bello Issues

Luisa Vierucci

in War by Contract: Human Rights, Humanitarian Law, and Private Contractors

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199604555
eISBN:
9780191725180
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199604555.003.0013
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Human Rights and Immigration

The ius ad bellum analysis hinges upon the distinction between the right of the government to make recourse to private military and security companies (PMSCs) to maintain internal law and order or to ... More


The First and Second World Wars

Martin van Creveld

in The Practice of Strategy: From Alexander the Great to the Present

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199608638
eISBN:
9780191731754
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199608638.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

In Chapter 10, Martin van Creveld focuses on grand strategy and military strategy in the First and Second World Wars. He first examines the similarities between the two wars at the highest level: ‘to ... More


Population, Power, and Technology

John Landers

in The Field and the Forge: Population, Production, and Power in the Pre-industrial West

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199279579
eISBN:
9780191719448
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199279579.003.0013
Subject:
History, Social History, Economic History

The components of armed force are technology, manpower, and economic resources of various kinds. Committing manpower and economic resources to war requires diverting them from the productive economy. ... More


Not So Simple

Mark A. Drumbl

in Reimagining Child Soldiers in International Law and Policy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199592654
eISBN:
9780191738807
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199592654.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

How do children come to be associated with armed forces or armed groups? Once there, which roles do they serve? What do they do and how are they used? What is known about why some child soldiers ... More


Transitional states in search of support: Private military companies and security sector reform

Elke Krahmann

in From Mercenaries to Market: The Rise and Regulation of Private Military Companies

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199228485
eISBN:
9780191711435
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228485.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter looks at the role of PMCs in security sector reform (SSR) and problems arising from their involvement for transitional states and donor governments, respectively. While the work of PMCs ... More


German Right-Wing Radicalism, Strategic Adventurism, and Mechanized Warfare

Azar Gat

in Fascist and Liberal Visions of War: Fuller, Liddell Hart, Douhet, and Other Modernists

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198207153
eISBN:
9780191677519
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198207153.003.0004
Subject:
History, Military History, History of Ideas

German fascism is inevitably marked by Nazism which had created a great impact across the modern German, Western, and the world history. However the Nationalist Socialist party and its leader, Adolf ... More


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