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Conclusion: Perspectives

Norman Housley

in Religious Warfare in Europe 1400-1536

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199552283
eISBN:
9780191716515
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199552283.003.0007
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

Europeans in the fifteenth and early sixteenth centuries were strongly attracted by the idea that they could become the agents of God's will on the battlefield. The Wars of Religion flowed quite ... More


The Return of the Armadas: The Last Years of the Elizabethan War against Spain 1595-1603

R. B. Wernham

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198204435
eISBN:
9780191676277
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198204435.001.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

The defeat of the Spanish Armada did not put an end to Spanish sea power, nor to Spain's ambitions in northern Europe. By the mid-1590s, Spain had recovered from the disaster of 1588, and the renewed ... More


Introduction

R. B. Wernham

in The Return of the Armadas: The Last Years of the Elizabethan War against Spain 1595-1603

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198204435
eISBN:
9780191676277
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198204435.003.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

The middle years of the 1590s brought a sharp change in the emphasis of English policy in the war against Spain. The five or six years that followed the defeat of the 1588 Spanish Armada had seen ... More


Partly Fearing, Partly Hoping

Patrick Collinson

in The Elizabethan Puritan Movement

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198222989
eISBN:
9780191678554
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198222989.003.0030
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History, History of Religion

1588 was the year of wonders for which apocalyptic calamities had been anciently prophesied and it proved a wonderful year in a better sense for the protestant England of Elizabeth. The defeat of the ... More


The 1596 Armada

R. B. Wernham

in The Return of the Armadas: The Last Years of the Elizabethan War against Spain 1595-1603

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198204435
eISBN:
9780191676277
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198204435.003.0010
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

It is not surprising that the Earl of Essex failed to finish his discourse. The autumn of 1596 was an even more than usually busy time for him and his fellow Councillors. Amid all the inquisitions ... More


Plans and Preparations for 1597

R. B. Wernham

in The Return of the Armadas: The Last Years of the Elizabethan War against Spain 1595-1603

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198204435
eISBN:
9780191676277
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198204435.003.0011
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

The alarms of the autumn of 1596 had made it abundantly clear that purely defensive action could not provide adequate answers to the threat of seaborne invasion from Spain. Such a threat was the only ... More


Gales and Frustrations

R. B. Wernham

in The Return of the Armadas: The Last Years of the Elizabethan War against Spain 1595-1603

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198204435
eISBN:
9780191676277
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198204435.003.0012
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

The fleet that assembled in the Downs during the latter half of June 1597 was made up of sixteen of Queen Elizabeth I's ships, including thirty-three flyboats to carry the 4,000 troops levied in ... More


The Islands Voyage and the 1597 Armada

R. B. Wernham

in The Return of the Armadas: The Last Years of the Elizabethan War against Spain 1595-1603

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198204435
eISBN:
9780191676277
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198204435.003.0013
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

Whether or not the Earl of Essex sincerely intended attempting to burn the Spanish Armada in Ferrol, circumstances soon made such an enterprise impracticable. After the expedition finally left ... More


The Parting of the Ways

R. B. Wernham

in The Return of the Armadas: The Last Years of the Elizabethan War against Spain 1595-1603

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198204435
eISBN:
9780191676277
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198204435.003.0014
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

Upon his return, the Earl of Essex met with much friendly sympathy from his fellow Councillors and peers, including Lord Admiral Charles Howard, as well as almost undiminished adulation from the ... More


The ‘Invisible Armada’ and Trouble with Neutrals

R. B. Wernham

in The Return of the Armadas: The Last Years of the Elizabethan War against Spain 1595-1603

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198204435
eISBN:
9780191676277
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198204435.003.0018
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

Pieter van der Does's expedition, like the Earl of Cumberland's in the previous year, was not entirely without effect. It drew upon itself the attention of Spain's naval forces and in the end ... More


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