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Pascal's Wager: Pragmatic Arguments and Belief in God

Jeff Jordan

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199291328
eISBN:
9780191710698
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199291328.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

What if there is no strong evidence that God exists? Is belief in God when faced with a lack of evidence illegitimate and improper? Evidentialism answers yes. According to Evidentialism, it is ... More


Paradox and Platitude in Wittgenstein's Philosophy

David Pears

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199247707
eISBN:
9780191714481
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199247707.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This book is a concise and readable study of five intertwined themes at the heart of Wittgenstein's thought, written by one of his most eminent interpreters. It offers penetrating investigations and ... More


Natural Signs and Knowledge of God: A New Look at Theistic Arguments

C. Stephen Evans

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199217168
eISBN:
9780191712401
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199217168.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Theology, Philosophy of Religion

This book introduces the concept of theistic natural signs. It argues that these signs, the concept of which comes from a modified and expanded account of Reidian natural signs, provide sufficient ... More


Is There a God?

Richard Swinburne

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780198235446
eISBN:
9780191705618
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198235446.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

This book is a short and non-technical presentation of the cumulative argument for the existence of God. An explanatory hypothesis is probable insofar as it leads us to expect many otherwise ... More


The Problem of Evil: The Gifford Lectures delivered in the University of St Andrews in 2003

Peter van Inwagen

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199245604
eISBN:
9780191715310
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199245604.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This book contains in eight chapters the revised text of eight Gifford lectures, which were delivered at the University of St Andrews in 2003. The problem of evil may be formulated as a question ... More


Events and Semantic Architecture

Paul M. Pietroski

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199244300
eISBN:
9780191714153
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199244300.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

This book articulates and defends a simple conception of semantic composition: when two meaningful expressions are concatenated, the result is understood as a conjunction of monadic predicates; in ... More


*DIMENSION-REDUCTION PROBLEMS

Andrea Braides

in Gamma-Convergence for Beginners

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198507840
eISBN:
9780191709890
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507840.003.0015
Subject:
Mathematics, Applied Mathematics

This chapter presents a brief treatment of problems defined on thin structures. A scaling argument allows the expression of the problem as an asymptotic study of degenerate energies on a single set. ... More


*THE ‘SLICING’ METHOD

Andrea Braides

in Gamma-Convergence for Beginners

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198507840
eISBN:
9780191709890
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507840.003.0016
Subject:
Mathematics, Applied Mathematics

This chapter presents a self-contained account of the slicing method that allows the exhibition of a lower bound for high-dimensional problems through their one-dimensional sections. After computing ... More


By Parallel Reasoning: The Construction and Evaluation of Analogical Arguments

Paul Bartha

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195325539
eISBN:
9780199776313
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195325539.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This book proposes a theory of analogical arguments, with special focus on analogies in mathematics and science. The core principle of the theory is that a good analogical argument must articulate a ... More


Introduction

Quentin Smith

in Epistemology: New Essays

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199264933
eISBN:
9780191718472
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199264933.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This introductory chapter presents an overview of the different topics discussed in the subsequent chapters. These include process reliabilism, evidentialism, viral epistemology, anti-luminosity ... More


Essays on Skepticism

Anthony Brueckner

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199585861
eISBN:
9780191595332
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199585861.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This book is a collection of important work on the problem of scepticism, by someone who has provided perhaps the leading contemporary investigation of this problem. The guiding questions of this ... More


Probability in the Philosophy of Religion

Jake Chandler and Victoria S. Harrison (eds)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199604760
eISBN:
9780191741548
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199604760.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion, Metaphysics/Epistemology

At a time in which probability theory is exerting an unprecedented influence on epistemology and philosophy of science, promising to deliver an exact and unified foundation for the philosophy of ... More


The Ethics of Belief

Jeff Jordan

in Pascal's Wager: Pragmatic Arguments and Belief in God

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199291328
eISBN:
9780191710698
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199291328.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

Is belief in God when faced with a lack of evidence improper? Evidentialism answers yes. According to Evidentialism, it is impermissible to believe any proposition lacking adequate evidence. ... More


Introduction: The Slugs and the Tiles

Daniel Stoljar

in Ignorance and Imagination: The Epistemic Origin of the Problem of Consciousness

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195306583
eISBN:
9780199786619
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195306589.003.intro
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The main position to be defended and debated in this book — called “the epistemic view” — can be stated by first formulating a hypothesis about our epistemic situation that the author calls “the ... More


Transcendental Philosophy and Naturalism

Joel Smith and Peter Sullivan (eds)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199608553
eISBN:
9780191729645
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199608553.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Kant’s introduction of a distinctive form of philosophical investigation and proof, known as transcendental, inaugurated a new philosophical tradition. This volume reviews the present state and ... More


The Supporting Arguments

Albert Casullo

in A Priori Justification

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195115055
eISBN:
9780199786190
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195115058.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The leading arguments supporting the existence of a priori knowledge fall into three broad categories: conceptual arguments, which offer an analysis of the concept of a priori knowledge and maintain ... More


Truthmakers

David M. Armstrong

in Sketch for a Systematic Metaphysics

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199590612
eISBN:
9780191723391
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199590612.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The notion of a truthmaker is introduced, and the importance of the notion for metaphysics is stressed. Russell was a pioneer. All truth is a matter of correspondence of a proposition to reality, so ... More


Three Problems of Experience

Daniel Stoljar

in Ignorance and Imagination: The Epistemic Origin of the Problem of Consciousness

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195306583
eISBN:
9780199786619
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195306589.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The problem to be discussed is the logical problem of experience, which focuses on three inconsistent theses: there are experiential truths; if there are experiential truths, every truth is entailed ... More


Max Black's Objection to Mind‐Body Identity

Ned Block

in Phenomenal Concepts and Phenomenal Knowledge: New Essays on Consciousness and Physicalism

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195171655
eISBN:
9780199871339
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195171655.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter criticizes the property dualism argument. It argues that one version of the argument conflates two different notions of mode of presentation: the “cognitive mode of presentation,” which ... More


Zombies and Consciousness

Robert Kirk

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199285488
eISBN:
9780191603150
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199285489.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

By definition, zombies would be behaviourally and physically just like us, but not conscious. If a zombie world is possible, then physicalism is false. Just as importantly, the seductive conception ... More


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