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Liberty as Non‐Domination

Philip Pettit

in Republicanism: A Theory of Freedom and Government

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198296423
eISBN:
9780191600081
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198296428.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Interference involves an intentional or quasi‐intentional worsening of someone's choice situation and occurs on an arbitrary basis to the extent that it is not forced to track the interests and ideas ... More


Cartesian Skeptics

Janet Broughton

in Pyrrhonian Skepticism

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195169720
eISBN:
9780199786343
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195169727.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This essay contrasts Descartes with three skeptical figures: the Doubting Pyrrhonist, the Agrippan Pyrrhonist, and the Cartesian Skeptic. It argues that the meditator in Descartes’s Meditations is ... More


Arbitrariness and Social Conventions

Frank Lovett

in A General Theory of Domination and Justice

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199579419
eISBN:
9780191722837
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199579419.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter considers and rejects hegemony and other form‐based conceptions of domination. It defends instead an arbitrary power conception, according to which one person or group experienced ... More


The Gesture-Language Interface

David F. Armstrong and Sherman E. Wilcox

in The Gestural Origin of Language

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195163483
eISBN:
9780199867523
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195163483.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter proposes a reunification of language and gesture, claiming that only by starting with the premise that signed languages are the original and prototypical languages can we achieve a unity ... More


The Real Moral

Joseph Mendola

in Anti-Externalism

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199534999
eISBN:
9780191715969
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199534999.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter considers three clusters of facts about reference and truth. They depend on the vagueness and indeterminacy of reference, deference to experts about the notion of reference, and the way ... More


Global Institutions and Justice

Kok-Chor Tan

in Justice, Institutions, and Luck: The Site, Ground, and Scope of Equality

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199588855
eISBN:
9780191738586
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199588855.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter builds on the luck egalitarian ideal defended in Part II, arguing that since equality matters independently of the ideal of democracy, it potentially applies outside the confines of the ... More


The Arbitrariness of Nationality

Kok-Chor Tan

in Justice, Institutions, and Luck: The Site, Ground, and Scope of Equality

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199588855
eISBN:
9780191738586
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199588855.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Chapter 7 examines objections against extending luck egalitarian considerations to the global domain. These are objections that even if nationality is arbitrary, and that the aim of egalitarian ... More


Fair and Equitable Treatment, the Rule of Law, and Comparative Public Law

Stephan W. Schill

in International Investment Law and Comparative Public Law

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199589104
eISBN:
9780191595455
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199589104.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law, Public International Law

This chapter discusses fair and equitable treatment as one of the core concepts of international investment protection. It suggests that the jurisprudence of investment tribunals on fair and ... More


The Search for Institutional Legitimacy

Eoin Carolan

in The New Separation of Powers: A Theory for the Modern State

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199568673
eISBN:
9780191721588
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199568673.003.004
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law, Public International Law

This chapter seeks to develop a more suitable theory of institutional separation from the values and exceptions identified in the previous chapter. It proceeds from the previous chapter's conclusion ... More


Good God: The Theistic Foundations of Morality

David Baggett and Jerry L. Walls

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199751808
eISBN:
9780199894840
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199751808.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This book defends an interconnected set of moral arguments for God's existence by arguing that classical theism better explains moral duty, freedom, and responsibility than naturalism does. After ... More


Arbitrariness and Territorial Borders

Cara Nine

in Global Justice and Territory

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199580217
eISBN:
9780191741456
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580217.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter engages with cosmopolitan theory in order to set the stage for the theory of exclusive collective resource rights. It criticizes the claim that territorial borders are morally arbitrary. ... More


KANT: Rationality as Practical Reason

Onora O'Neill

in The Oxford Handbook of Rationality

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780195145397
eISBN:
9780199752393
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195145399.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

O'Neill's central concern here is to explicate Kant's account of how we could have unconditional practical reasons to do as morality requires, where unconditional practical reasons are those not ... More


Plurality and Indeterminism

Robert Kane

in The Significance of Free Will

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195126563
eISBN:
9780199868506
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195126564.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

We turn to the “Intelligibility Question” about free will: How, if at all, can one make sense of a free will that is incompatible with determinism? If free choices are not determined, they must be ... More


The Death Penalty in Operation

Matthew H. Kramer

in The Ethics of Capital Punishment: A Philosophical Investigation of Evil and its Consequences

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199642182
eISBN:
9780191732188
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199642182.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology, Philosophy of Law

This chapter explores some problems surrounding the administration of capital punishment: the possibility of mistakes, the alleged arbitrariness of the distinctions between defendants who are ... More


Unruly Words: A Study of Vague Language

Diana Raffman

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199915101
eISBN:
9780199392650
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199915101.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

Because they lack sharp boundaries of application, vague words like ‘tall’ and ‘adult’ cause logical and semantic problems in philosophy, decision theory, and the law, among other disciplines. ... More


The Value of Vagueness

Scott Soames

in Philosophical Foundations of Language in the Law

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199572380
eISBN:
9780191728914
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199572380.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

Vagueness seems repugnant to the very idea of making a norm, and to the idea of rule-governed behaviour, because it leaves conduct (to some extent) unregulated. But vagueness can be valuable to ... More


International Minimum Standard and the Protection of Property

Martins Paparinskis

in The International Minimum Standard and Fair and Equitable Treatment

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199694501
eISBN:
9780191741272
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199694501.003.0009
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter addresses the international minimum standard on protection of property other than regarding administration of justice. The tripartite analytical approach applied in Chapter 8 is ... More


Objects: Nothing out of the Ordinary

Daniel Z. Korman

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780198732532
eISBN:
9780191796760
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198732532.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

One of the central questions of material-object metaphysics is which highly visible objects there are right before our eyes. This book defends a conservative view, according to which our ordinary, ... More


The Exercise of Discretionary Powers I

D. J. Galligan

in Discretionary Powers: A Legal Study of Official Discretion

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198256526
eISBN:
9780191681653
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198256526.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Philosophy of Law

The strategies of legal regulation of discretionary authority may be divided into two broad categories: one is concerned with participatory procedures to ensure the representation of groups and ... More


On the Relation Between Moral and Distributive Equality

Andrea Sangiovanni

in Cosmopolitanism versus Non-Cosmopolitanism: Critiques, Defenses, Reconceptualizations

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199678426
eISBN:
9780191757839
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199678426.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter addresses, and rejects, two arguments for the conclusion that duties of distributive justice have non-relational grounds and global scope. The first argument holds that, because our ... More


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