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Moral Sentimentalism

Michael Slote

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195391442
eISBN:
9780199866250
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195391442.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

There has been a great deal of interest in moral sentimentalism in recent years, but most of that interest has been exclusively either in metaethical questions about the meaning of moral terms or in ... More


 Prophecy and Truth

Niels Christian Hvidt

in Christian Prophecy: The Post-Biblical Tradition

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780195314472
eISBN:
9780199785346
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195314472.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Theology

Prophecy has never gone without opposition, mainly due to the danger of false prophecy, a danger that can rightly be called the “Achilles heel” of prophecy. Without the process of testing the ... More


Conclusion

Michael Schaller

in Reckoning with Reagan: America and Its President in the 1980s

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195090499
eISBN:
9780199854196
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195090499.003.0007
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter sums up the key findings of this study on the accomplishments and achievements of Ronald Reagan as U.S. president. Reagan achieved many of the symbolic goals he had pledged to strive ... More


Five Years After the Fall: Trajectories of Support for Democracy in Post‐Communist Europe

William Mishler and Richard Rose

in Critical Citizens: Global Support for Democratic Government

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198295686
eISBN:
9780191600043
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198295685.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Assesses the trajectories and dynamics of public support for seven democratizing regimes in Central and Eastern Europe—Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Hungary, Poland, Romania, and ... More


Sympathy and Imagination

D. D. Raphael

in The Impartial Spectator: Adam Smith's Moral Philosophy

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199213337
eISBN:
9780191707544
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213337.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Sympathy and imagination are the basic elements of Smith's explanation of moral judgement. Although Smith entitles his first chapter ‘Of Sympathy’, the role of imagination is in fact greater than ... More


Value Constellations and American Political Life

Steven Hitlin and Katherine W. O. Kramer

in Improving Public Opinion Surveys: Interdisciplinary Innovation and the American National Election Studies

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151458
eISBN:
9781400840298
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151458.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter augments the discussion of the values measures in the 2006 ANES Pilot Study in three ways. First, it compares the items drawn from the Portrait Values Questionnaire (PVQ) with the ... More


Partisan Differences in Job Approval Ratings of George W. Bush and U.S. Senators in the States: An Exploration

Gary C. Jacobson

in Facing the Challenge of Democracy: Explorations in the Analysis of Public Opinion and Political Participation

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151106
eISBN:
9781400840304
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151106.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter addresses issues related to partisan differences in political opinions by examining a unique set of state-level public opinion surveys. It compares the state-level determinants of the ... More


The General Point of View: Love and Moral Approval in Hume's Ethics

Christine M. Korsgaard

in The Constitution of Agency: Essays on Practical Reason and Moral Psychology

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199552733
eISBN:
9780191720321
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199552733.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Hume thinks moral judgments are based on sentiments of approval and disapproval we feel when we contemplate someone from a “general point of view.” But why do we take up the general point of view? ... More


The genesis of secular modality

Brian Leftow

in God and Necessity

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199263356
eISBN:
9780191741777
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199263356.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter sets out the genesis of secular modal status as a sequence, though in this context being earlier only means being presupposed by what follows. The steps are: God thinks up secular states ... More


Psychosocial Attributes

Robert Rosenthal

in Artifacts in Behavioral Research: Robert Rosenthal and Ralph L. Rosnow's Classic Books

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195385540
eISBN:
9780199869824
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195385540.003.0013
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

The experimenter attributes discussed in Chapter 4 were all readily assessable by inspection. This chapter discusses experimenter attributes which are also readily assessable, but not simply by ... More


Characteristics of the Volunteer Subject

Robert Rosenthal and Ralph L. Rosnow

in Artifacts in Behavioral Research: Robert Rosenthal and Ralph L. Rosnow's Classic Books

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195385540
eISBN:
9780199869824
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195385540.003.0034
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter gives some empirically-based conclusions about the characteristics of the subject who volunteers for participation in behavioral research, including gender, birth order, sociability, ... More


Constituent Perceptions of Representation Styles and Democratic Accountability

David C. Barker and Christopher Jan Carman

in Representing Red and Blue: How the Culture Wars Change the Way Citizens Speak and Politicians Listen

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199796564
eISBN:
9780199979714
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199796564.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter explores other ways that trustee-style representation preferences within constituencies could ultimately translate into trustee-style governing styles on the part of elected ... More


Reassuring the Reluctant Warriors: U.S. Civil-Military Relations and Multilateral Intervention

Stefano Recchia

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801452918
eISBN:
9781501701559
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801452918.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

Why did American leaders work hard to secure multilateral approval from the United Nations or NATO for military interventions in Haiti, Bosnia, and Kosovo, while making only limited efforts to gain ... More


Moral Approval and Disapproval

Michael Slote

in Moral Sentimentalism

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195391442
eISBN:
9780199866250
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195391442.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter begins the enterprise of trying to account for moral meaning in sentimentalist terms by focusing on the phenomena of approval and disapproval. Hume sought to clarify the meaning of moral ... More


Empathy in Moral Judgment

Michael Slote

in Moral Sentimentalism

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195391442
eISBN:
9780199866250
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195391442.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter shows how the new conception of approval and disapproval helps explain various key features of moral judgment or utterances: for example, that they typically motivate, that they can be ... More


A New Kind of Reference‐Fixing

Michael Slote

in Moral Sentimentalism

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195391442
eISBN:
9780199866250
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195391442.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter offers a specific account of the meaning of moral terms based on semi‐Kripkean theory that fixes the reference of right, wrong, and the like in relation to feelings of warmth and chill ... More


How To Derive “Ought” from “Is”

Michael Slote

in Moral Sentimentalism

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195391442
eISBN:
9780199866250
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195391442.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter seeks to show that our semi‐Kripkean semantics and other forms of metaethical sentimentalism as well (e.g. subjectivism and ideal observer theory) do indeed imply that an “ought” can be ... More


The Use Of Moral Judgments

Michael Slote

in Moral Sentimentalism

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195391442
eISBN:
9780199866250
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195391442.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter takes up some important implications of the previous account of moral language and judgment. Recent sentimentalists have held that it is morally preferable if we don't have to consult or ... More


SELF-CONCERN AND SELF-APPROVAL

Ingmar Persson

in The Retreat of Reason: A dilemma in the philosophy of life

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199276905
eISBN:
9780191603198
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199276900.003.0025
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Chapter 23 concluded that the bias towards oneself is not rationally justifiable. This chapter tries to provide a causal explanation of the elements of this bias. It explains how self-concern arises ... More


CONCERN FOR AND APPROVAL OF OTHERS

Ingmar Persson

in The Retreat of Reason: A dilemma in the philosophy of life

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199276905
eISBN:
9780191603198
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199276900.003.0026
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter tries to explain concern for and approval of others in a way similar to how concern for and approval of oneself were explained in chapter 24. It argues that because love of another ... More


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