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Introduction

Hendrik Lorenz

in The Brute Within: Appetitive Desire in Plato and Aristotle

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199290635
eISBN:
9780191604027
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199290636.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

In a much-discussed passage in Republic 10 (602c-603b), Plato appears to divide the rational soul-part into two distinct sub-parts. By considering the passage in its context, the chapter shows that ... More


The Brute Within: Appetitive Desire in Plato and Aristotle

Hendrik Lorenz

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199290635
eISBN:
9780191604027
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199290636.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Plato’s Republic introduces and employs an elaborate psychological theory whose core commitment it is that human motivation comes in three forms: rational, spirited, and appetitive. The Brute Within ... More


Motive

Joseph Pilsner

in The Specification of Human Actions in St Thomas Aquinas

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199286058
eISBN:
9780191603808
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199286051.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Theology

Aquinas says that motives are responsible for the specification of human action. ‘Motive’ can generally refer to any principle of movement, but two meanings are especially significant in the context ... More


Parts of the Soul

Hendrik Lorenz

in The Brute Within: Appetitive Desire in Plato and Aristotle

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199290635
eISBN:
9780191604027
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199290636.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This chapter raises and explains two central questions about Plato’s theory of the tripartite soul. First, what is involved in Plato’s claim that the embodied human soul is a thing of parts? ... More


The Simple Picture

Hendrik Lorenz

in The Brute Within: Appetitive Desire in Plato and Aristotle

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199290635
eISBN:
9780191604027
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199290636.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

It is widely held that in Republic 8, Plato acknowledges the occurrence within appetite of conflicts, in which it desires something or other and at the same time is averse to the thing in question. ... More


Imitation and the Soul

Hendrik Lorenz

in The Brute Within: Appetitive Desire in Plato and Aristotle

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199290635
eISBN:
9780191604027
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199290636.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

That appetite can form beliefs is presupposed in the Republic and denied in the Timaeus.This chapter explains this development in Plato’s psychological theory in terms of new thoughts about what is ... More


Belief and Reason

Hendrik Lorenz

in The Brute Within: Appetitive Desire in Plato and Aristotle

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199290635
eISBN:
9780191604027
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199290636.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

That appetite can form beliefs is presupposed in the Republic and denied in the Timaeus. This chapter explains this development in Plato’s psychological theory in terms of new thoughts about what is ... More


Below Belief and Reason

Hendrik Lorenz

in The Brute Within: Appetitive Desire in Plato and Aristotle

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199290635
eISBN:
9780191604027
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199290636.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Plato’s Timaeus denies appetite the capacity for belief and yet presupposes that appetite can give rise to action, and that it can receive commands and information from the rational part of the soul. ... More


Reason and Non-rational Desire

Hendrik Lorenz

in The Brute Within: Appetitive Desire in Plato and Aristotle

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199290635
eISBN:
9780191604027
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199290636.003.0017
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

The chapter explores Aristotle’s moral psychology, arguing that it not only leaves room for, but in fact requires, a conception of non-rational or non-intellectual cognition along the lines set out ... More


Emotion and Decision-making Explained

Edmund T. Rolls

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199659890
eISBN:
9780191772078
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199659890.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Development

What produces emotions? Why do we have emotions? How do we have emotions? Why do emotional states feel like something? What is the relation between emotion, and reward value, and subjective feelings ... More


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