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Arguing for Apperception

Patricia Kitcher

in Kant’s Thinker

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199754823
eISBN:
9780199855889
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199754823.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

In this chapter the background materials from the Empiricists, the Rationalists, and Kant’s earlier work, and the interpretations of the structure of the transcendental deduction and of the crucial ... More


The Power of Apperception

Patricia Kitcher

in Kant’s Thinker

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199754823
eISBN:
9780199855889
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199754823.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Kant introduces ‘apperception’ both as a principle that is presupposed in cognition and as a power or faculty that creates cognition. This chapter focuses on the power/faculty of apperception and ... More


Kantian Apperception and the Non‐Cartesian Subject

Karl Ameriks

in Kant and the Historical Turn: Philosophy as Critical Interpretation

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199205349
eISBN:
9780191709272
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199205349.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter offers an apologetic interpretation of the most basic features of Kant's central doctrine of apperception, and argues that this doctrine reveals that Kant's view of the self is in fact ... More


Hegel on the Transcendental Deduction of the first Critique

Sally Sedgwick

in Hegel's Critique of Kant

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199698363
eISBN:
9780191738692
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199698363.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter identifies ‘speculative’ elements Hegel claims to discover in Kant’s Transcendental Deduction, elements he believes Kant himself failed to appreciate. That is, Hegel discovers resources ... More


Kant’s Thinker

Patricia Kitcher

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199754823
eISBN:
9780199855889
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199754823.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The book presents Kant’s theory of the cognitive subject. It begins by setting the stage for his discussions of the unity and power of ‘apperception’ by presenting the attempts of his predecessors to ... More


Warrant

John Skorupski

in The Domain of Reasons

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199587636
eISBN:
9780191595394
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199587636.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Self‐determining actors must be able to know what reasons they have. They must be able to audit those reasons, to assess whether they have warrant for a particular response. Chapter 5 defines warrant ... More


Locke’s Internal Sense and Kant’s Changing Views

Patricia Kitcher

in Kant’s Thinker

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199754823
eISBN:
9780199855889
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199754823.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter addresses three questions about the doctrine of ‘inner sense’ that Kant adapted from Locke: Why did he originally believe that a Lockean inner sense was crucial for a theory of rational ... More


Consciousness, Self-consciousness, and Cognition

Patricia Kitcher

in Kant’s Thinker

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199754823
eISBN:
9780199855889
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199754823.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter explains some of the puzzles about self-consciousness that bedeviled Locke, Leibniz, and Kant’s less well-known predecessors, Wolff, Crusius, and Merian. It presents Leibniz’s unusual ... More


Strands of Argument in the Duisburg Nachlaβ

Patricia Kitcher

in Kant’s Thinker

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199754823
eISBN:
9780199855889
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199754823.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter looks at a set of unpublished notes that contain Kant’s first systematic discussion of ‘apperception’ in relation to the requirements of cognition. One interpretive controversy ... More


Self and Self-Determination

John Skorupski

in The Domain of Reasons

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199587636
eISBN:
9780191595394
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199587636.003.0019
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

A certain group of concepts hang together as ingredients in our understanding of ourselves and others as persons: apperception, grasp of reasons, self‐determination, will and freedom. They are ... More


The Unity of Kant’s Active Thinker

Patricia Kitcher

in Transcendental Philosophy and Naturalism

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199608553
eISBN:
9780191729645
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199608553.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter examines Kant’s theory of the unity of apperception and the argument he offers for it in the transcendental deduction of the Critique of Pure Reason. His theory is that the unity of ... More


Individuation and identity, apperception and consciousness in Leibniz and Wolff

Udo Thiel

in The Early Modern Subject: Self-Consciousness and Personal Identity from Descartes to Hume

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199542499
eISBN:
9780191730917
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199542499.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Leibniz gives the most original and complex account of personal identity from an immaterialist point of view. This chapter analyses and evaluates Leibniz's account and the ways in which it was taken ... More


From the critique of Wolffian apperception to the idea of the ‘pre-existence’ of self-consciousness

Udo Thiel

in The Early Modern Subject: Self-Consciousness and Personal Identity from Descartes to Hume

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199542499
eISBN:
9780191730917
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199542499.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

There was a long and lively debate about of Wolff’s account of consciousness and self-consciousness in the eighteenth century; and in this context, non-Wolffian views about personal identity were ... More


The Subject of Experience

Grant Gillett

in Representation, Meaning, and Thought

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198239932
eISBN:
9780191680045
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198239932.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter discusses the present view, which sees the subject of experience quintessentially as a concept-user. In order to understand that issue, it is suggested that a modified reading of Kant's ... More


How are Cognitions Possible?

Robert Hanna

in Kant and the Foundations of Analytic Philosophy

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199272044
eISBN:
9780191699573
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199272044.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, General

This chapter argues that the key explanatory notion in Immanuel Kant's general cognitive semantics is his epigenetic or generative/productive theory of the mind, according to which object-directed ... More


Dark Matter of the Mind: The Culturally Articulated Unconscious

Daniel L. Everett

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780226070766
eISBN:
9780226401430
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226401430.001.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

This book discusses the unarticulated unconscious and tacit knowledge, termed “dark matter of the mind,” which underlies and enables verbal communication. Humans, when they speak or interpret, make ... More


Kant and the First Person

C. Thomas Powell

in Kant's Theory of Self-Consciousness

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198244486
eISBN:
9780191680779
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198244486.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter examines the views of Immanuel Kant on the first person as they relate to his theory of self-consciousness and compares them with those of Gertrude Elizabeth Margaret Anscombe. In recent ... More


Kant's Theory of Mind: An Analysis of the Paralogisms of Pure Reason

Karl Ameriks

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198238973
eISBN:
9780191597022
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198238975.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This book presents the first extensive analysis in English of Kant's systematic criticism of dogmatic accounts of the mind as a distinctive object.This criticism has been much admired, especially in ... More


Sentience, Apperception, and Language

Hubert Schwyzer

in The Unity of Understanding: A Study in Kantian Problems

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198248293
eISBN:
9780191681110
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198248293.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter discusses a claim that can serve as a premise for the main argument of the Transcendental Deduction of the Categories. Pure apperception is defined in this chapter as the necessity of ... More


Leibniz on Consciousness and Self‐Consciousness

Rocco J. Gennaro

in New Essays on the Rationalists

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195165418
eISBN:
9780199868285
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195165411.003.0017
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

“Leibniz on Consciousness and Self‐Consciousness” It is argued that Leibniz held a version of the so‐called “higher‐order thought” (HOT) theory of consciousness. According to this theory, what makes ... More


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