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When Forethought and Outturn Part: Types of Unanticipated and Unintended Consequences

Perri 6

in Paradoxes of Modernization: Unintended Consequences of Public Policy Reform

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199573547
eISBN:
9780191722677
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199573547.003.0003
Subject:
Business and Management, Public Management, Organization Studies

To expect to find a theory to explain the causes of all and only unintended or unanticipated consequences is no more reasonable than hoping for a general theory of misfortunes. Yet something useful ... More


The Efficacy of Evaluation: What Are the Economic Elements of the Ability to Evaluate Risk and Reward?

Peter Politser

in Neuroeconomics: A guide to the new science of making choices

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195305821
eISBN:
9780199867783
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195305821.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter examines the economic components of the capacity to evaluate outcomes. It considers the diagnostic and management components of anticipation. Possible measures of diagnostic and ... More


Portamento

Clive Brown

in Classical and Romantic Performing Practice 1750-1900

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780198161653
eISBN:
9780191716263
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198161653.003.0016
Subject:
Music, Ethnomusicology, World Music

This chapter begins with a discussion of terminology, identifying a variety of meanings applied to the word portamento, and a number of related terms, such as cercar dells nota, messa di voce ... More


Involvement of primate orbitofrontal neurons in reward, uncertainty, and learning

Wolfram Schultz and Leon Tremblay

in The Orbitofrontal Cortex

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780198565741
eISBN:
9780191723971
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198565741.003.0007
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter reviews studies using neurophysiological recordings of the orbitofrontal cortex in behaving monkeys in order to understand the brain's representation of predictable future events of ... More


Attention and Sensorimotor Intentionality

Charles Siewert

in Phenomenology and Philosophy of Mind

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199272457
eISBN:
9780191709951
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199272457.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

In Phenomenology of Perception, Merleau–Ponty holds that sensory consciousness of place exhibits an indeterminacy that shows it is, in a sense, non-representational. But he thinks this does not ... More


Becoming a Trader

Mark Fenton-O'Creevy, Nigel Nicholson, Emma Soane, and Paul Willman

in Traders: Risks, Decisions, and Management in Financial Markets

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199269488
eISBN:
9780191699405
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199269488.003.0007
Subject:
Business and Management, Finance, Accounting, and Banking, Organization Studies

Becoming a trader does not mean that one has to be familiarized with merely one body of fixed knowledge. Traders are exposed to various intensive experiences that may or may not involve powerful ... More


Food, Economics, and Entitlements *

Amartya Sen

in The Political Economy of Hunger: Volume 1: Entitlement and Well-being

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198286356
eISBN:
9780191718465
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198286356.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Putting the acquirement problem at the heart of hunger and starvation issues, this book argues that the entitlement approach, much in line with the old traditions of economics preoccupied with ... More


Prospective Codes Fulfilled: A Potential Neural Mechanism of Will

Wheatley Thalia and E. Looser Christine

in Conscious Will and Responsibility: A Tribute to Benjamin Libet

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195381641
eISBN:
9780199864911
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195381641.003.0014
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Converging evidence from neuroscience reveals that our brains do predict the future and do so well, but on a short time scale. Bayesian anticipation of likely events appears to be a general principle ... More


A Brief History of Coping

Wallace Matson

in Grand Theories and Everyday Beliefs: Science, Philosophy, and their Histories

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199812691
eISBN:
9780199919420
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199812691.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Plants cope passively with their environments. Animals can act – move from places less to more favorable for feeding, fighting, fleeing, and/or reproducing accordingly as their nervous systems ... More


SELF-CONCERN AND SELF-APPROVAL

Ingmar Persson

in The Retreat of Reason: A dilemma in the philosophy of life

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199276905
eISBN:
9780191603198
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199276900.003.0025
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Chapter 23 concluded that the bias towards oneself is not rationally justifiable. This chapter tries to provide a causal explanation of the elements of this bias. It explains how self-concern arises ... More


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