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Preservation Versus the People?: Nature, Humanity, and Political Philosophy

Mathew Humphrey

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199242672
eISBN:
9780191599514
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199242674.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

Environmental political philosophy has generally been framed around the differing axiologies of ecocentrism (nature‐centred) and anthropocentric (human‐centred) forms of ethics. This book seeks to ... More


Three Conceptions of Environmental Sustainability

Andrew Dobson

in Justice and the Environment: Conceptions of Environmental Sustainability and Theories of Distributive Justice

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294955
eISBN:
9780191599071
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294956.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

Three conceptions of environmental sustainability are described and assessed. These take the form of a typology produced by a survey of the different answers to the generic questions common to any ... More


Sustainability: Should We Start from Here?

Alan Holland

in Fairness and Futurity: Essays on Environmental Sustainability and Social Justice

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294894
eISBN:
9780191599064
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294891.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

Alan Holland asks whether ‘sustainability’ will deliver the protection of nature. As long as it is taken to mean the extending of human welfare into the future, it may not, he argues, since this does ... More


The Intrinsic Value of the Environment

Wilfred Beckerman and Joanna Pasek

in Justice, Posterity, and the Environment

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199245086
eISBN:
9780191598784
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199245088.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

Generations are not homogeneous entities and are composed of individuals and nations that have conflicting interests in the way in which resources are allocated among competing uses. This chapter ... More


Dichotomy and Distortion: The Mutual Misunderstandings of Social Ecology and Ecocentrism

Mathew Humphrey

in Preservation Versus the People?: Nature, Humanity, and Political Philosophy

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199242672
eISBN:
9780191599514
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199242674.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

The ecocentric‐anthropocentric dichotomy is explored through the debate between social ecologists and ecocentrists. The critique of ecocentrism that comes from social ecology––that it is a thinly ... More


Conclusion: Framing, Irreplaceability, and the Ineliminability of Contingency

Mathew Humphrey

in Preservation Versus the People?: Nature, Humanity, and Political Philosophy

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199242672
eISBN:
9780191599514
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199242674.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

Here the threads of the previous chapters are pulled together, and problems posed in the putative relationship between ontology and axiology are considered. A serious problem with ecocentric argument ... More


Introduction

Jerry L. Walls

in Heaven: The Logic of Eternal Joy

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195113020
eISBN:
9780199834815
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195113020.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Theology

The first part of this introduction puts forward some examples of conflicting historical and contemporary views on Christian belief in heaven. The second part goes on to discuss the two basically ... More


Introduction

Alexander Gillespie

in International Environmental Law, Policy, and Ethics

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198298724
eISBN:
9780191685514
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198298724.003.0001
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law

This introductory chapter explains the coverage of this book, which is about the commonly used justifications for environmental protection in international environmental law. These justifications ... More


On Self‐Defence and Utilitarian Calculations: Democritus of Abdera and Hermarchus of Mytilene

Catherine Osborne

in Dumb Beasts and Dead Philosophers: Humanity and the Humane in Ancient Philosophy and Literature

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199282067
eISBN:
9780191712944
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199282067.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This chapter looks at the idea that some beasts threaten human well being, while others are conducive towards it. The views of Hermarchus on the need to wage war on the undesirable creatures, and to ... More


Subversive Spiritualities: How Rituals Enact the World

Frederique Apffel-Marglin

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199793853
eISBN:
9780199919246
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199793853.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This book takes as a starting premise the insight that non-humans have agency, which was established predominantly in the field of science studies. It argues that rituals engage not “supernatural ... More


Aristotle on Teleology

Monte Ransome Johnson

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199285303
eISBN:
9780191603143
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199285306.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Aristotle is commonly considered the inventor of teleology, although the precise term originated in the eighteenth century. But if teleology means the use of ends or goals in natural science, then ... More


Teleology and the Cosmos

Monte Ransome Johnson

in Aristotle on Teleology

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199285303
eISBN:
9780191603143
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199285306.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Aristotle’s cosmos consists of natural substances, each with its own proper functions, motions, and ends. To this extent, his cosmos is teleological. But there is no overall or cosmic teleology in a ... More


Introduction

Monte Ransome Johnson

in Aristotle on Teleology

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199285303
eISBN:
9780191603143
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199285306.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Teleology is central to Aristotle’s scientific method. He applies teleological explanations to many disciplines, including physics, cosmology, meteorology, theology, biology, zoology, anthropology, ... More


Teleology and Humans

Monte Ransome Johnson

in Aristotle on Teleology

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199285303
eISBN:
9780191603143
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199285306.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Humans are capable of intentionally pursuing goals that they consciously set for themselves, and thus a different order of teleology applies to them, one which places them in the domain of ethics and ... More


Engaging Nature: Environmentalism and the Political Theory Canon

Peter F. Cannavò and Joseph H. Lane Jr. (eds)

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780262028059
eISBN:
9780262325264
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262028059.001.0001
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

Engaging Nature is an edited collection that explores how past political theorists conceptualized the natural world and humanity’s relationship with it. The theorists profiled are largely from the ... More


Perceptual Specialization and the Definition of Colour

Mohan Matthen

in Seeing, Doing, and Knowing: A Philosophical Theory of Sense Perception

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199268504
eISBN:
9780191602283
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199268509.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Because of perceptual specialization in different species of animals, colour cannot be defined in terms of either the physical properties that human colour vision captures or the sense experiences ... More


Objectivity

George Molnar

in Powers: A Study in Metaphysics

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199204175
eISBN:
9780191695537
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199204175.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter discusses objectivity by using a necessary element called ‘necessary connection’. It explains that the issue is not just of powers but also of laws of nature and the causal relation ... More


Organologics (2): Autophony

Peter Szendy

in Phantom Limbs: On Musical Bodies

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780823267057
eISBN:
9780823272303
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823267057.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics

The organological category of autophony has meant different things starting with Athanasius Kircher in 1650 and running through Curt Sachs and Erich von Hombostel. Autophony can open the way for an ... More


Rights and Right(ness): Humanity at the Crossroads

Fred Dallmayr

in Freedom and Solidarity: Toward New Beginnings

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780813165783
eISBN:
9780813165813
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813165783.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter deals with Western bias in the conception of human rights. It poses the question whether human rights, just like freedom, have a possessive or proprietary character that reduces them to ... More


Nature Has No Price: How Then Is the Cost of Its Degradation to Be Measured?

Christian de Perthuis and Pierre-André Jouvet

in Green Capital: A New Perspective on Growth

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780231171403
eISBN:
9780231540360
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231171403.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

While it makes no sense to put a price on nature, there are nevertheless many situations in which society must evaluate the costs of its use or its destruction. One of the tragedies of environmental ... More


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