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Answering for Exclusion: Deliberative Democracy and the Demands of Justice

Craig T. Borowiak

in Accountability and Democracy: The Pitfalls and Promise of Popular Control

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199778256
eISBN:
9780199919086
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199778256.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory, International Relations and Politics

This chapter turns to deliberative democracy frameworks to further expand the meaning of accountability beyond instrumental and disciplinary approaches and to raise questions about institutional ... More


Responsibility

J. R. Lucas

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198235781
eISBN:
9780191679117
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198235781.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Responsibility is a key concept in our moral, social, and political thinking, but is not itself properly understood. This book elucidates it in terms of answerability—the obligation to answer the ... More


The Hubris of Humanism (2)

David E. Cooper

in The Measure of Things: Humanism, Humility, and Mystery

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199235988
eISBN:
9780191696688
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199235988.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter argues that human beings are incapable of the ‘dis-incumbenced’ posture by establishing its unlivability. The first two sections support the claim that the dis-incumbenced posture is ... More


Responsibility, Morality, and Culture

Matt Matravers

in Criminal Law and Cultural Diversity

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780199676590
eISBN:
9780191756023
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199676590.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

In the criminal law, responsibility is best understood in terms of answerability. For a person to be answerable, s/he must be capable of responding to, and acting on, reasons. Certain conditions must ... More


On Criminal and Moral Responsibility

David Shoemaker

in Oxford Studies in Normative Ethics: Volume 3

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199685905
eISBN:
9780191765803
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199685905.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The aim of this chapter is to investigate the underexplored relation between criminal and moral responsibility. Most Anglo-American legal and moral theorists simply assume the two related tenets that ... More


Ethics of Reading II: Bakhtin and the Novel

Adam Zachary Newton

in To Make the Hands Impure: Art, Ethical Adventure, the Difficult and the Holy

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780823263516
eISBN:
9780823266470
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823263516.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

Chapter 5 examines the earliest major work of Mikhail Bakhtin, Toward a Philosophy of the Deed (1919) and an unfinished essay in aesthetic phenomenology, “Author and Hero in Aesthetic Activity” ... More


Introduction

Eric L. Santner

in On the Psychotheology of Everyday Life: Reflections on Freud and Rosenzweig

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226734873
eISBN:
9780226734897
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226734897.003.0001
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

Scholars have argued that a better grasp of the historical roots of intolerance—of patterns of ethnic, religious, and national enmity—will help people throughout the world to establish a genuine ... More


The Feminist Debate over Values in Autonomy Theory

Diana Tietjens Meyers

in Autonomy, Oppression, and Gender

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199969104
eISBN:
9780190225711
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199969104.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Feminist intuitions differ about values and autonomy. I show that values enter into autonomy theories in two ways. Theories may prescribe or proscribe certain types of behavior or allow any sort of ... More


Responsibility from the Margins

David Shoemaker

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780198715672
eISBN:
9780191783364
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198715672.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This book develops a pluralistic quality of will theory of responsibility, motivated by our ambivalence to real life cases of marginal agency, such as those with clinical depression, scrupulosity, ... More


Criminal Answerability and the Offence/Defence Distinction

Luís Duarte d’Almeida

in Allowing for Exceptions: A Theory of Defences and Defeasibility in Law

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199685783
eISBN:
9780191765766
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199685783.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter makes use of the analyses set forth in the book to cast light on our legal practices of holding people responsible for their actions. The focus is on criminal responsibility. Criminal ... More


An Instrumental Legal Moralism

James Edwards

in Oxford Studies in Philosophy of Law Volume 3

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
October 2018
ISBN:
9780198828174
eISBN:
9780191866845
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198828174.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

Many writers defend or attack the position nowadays known as legal moralism. According to the most common formulation, legal moralists endorse the following thesis: the fact that φ‎ing is morally ... More


Unconscious Omissions, Reasonable Expectations, and Responsibility

Angela M. Smith

in The Ethics and Law of Omissions

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780190683450
eISBN:
9780190683481
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190683450.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Unconscious omissions involve failures to act that occur without an agent’s awareness. How, then, do we determine when an agent has “committed” an unconscious omission? The puzzle is to give an ... More


Varieties of Moral Responsibility

Michael J. Zimmerman

in The Nature of Moral Responsibility: New Essays

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
June 2015
ISBN:
9780199998074
eISBN:
9780190238933
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199998074.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

There is a burgeoning literature on the nature of moral responsibility that has given rise to a wide array of claims regarding what such responsibility is and what conditions are either necessary or ... More


Answerability

David Shoemaker

in Responsibility from the Margins

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780198715672
eISBN:
9780191783364
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198715672.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

While attributability is about volitional structures—how our motivational attitudes express our deep selves—answerability is something agents have in virtue of their ability (in principle) to “answer ... More


Accountability

David Shoemaker

in Responsibility from the Margins

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780198715672
eISBN:
9780191783364
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198715672.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Accountability is perhaps the most widely discussed type of responsibility, as it is often thought to implicate the kinds of sanctions or rewards that are taken to fall most obviously under the ... More


Psychopathy and Intellectual Disability: Impairments of Judgment

David Shoemaker

in Responsibility from the Margins

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780198715672
eISBN:
9780191783364
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198715672.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Chapter 6 focuses on answerability by comparing and contrasting psychopaths and adults with mild intellectual disability (MID). Psychopaths tend to be impaired at answerability because of their ... More


Deprivation and Dementia: How History Does and Doesn’t Matter

David Shoemaker

in Responsibility from the Margins

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780198715672
eISBN:
9780191783364
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198715672.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

While the tripartite theory of responsibility is an ahistorical theory, there is one case of marginal agency—those from poor formative circumstances (PFCs)—that many have thought motivates some ... More


Perceiving Language: Issues between Travis and Chomsky

John Collins

in The Philosophy of Charles Travis: Language, Thought, and Perception

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
July 2018
ISBN:
9780198783916
eISBN:
9780191826566
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198783916.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Philosophy of Mind

Charles Travis seeks to forge a concord between Frege, McDowell, and Chomsky. The three thinkers all profoundly reject empiricism in the guise of rejecting of what Travis calls the Martian Principle. ... More


Answerability: A Condition of Autonomy or Moral Responsibility (or Both)?

Natalie Stoljar

in Social Dimensions of Moral Responsibility

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
April 2018
ISBN:
9780190609610
eISBN:
9780190609634
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190609610.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

This chapter defends externalist or “constitutively relational” conceptions of autonomy through an examination of an alternative approach developed by Andrea Westlund. Westlund develops her approach ... More


Answerability without Blame?

Andrea C. Westlund

in Social Dimensions of Moral Responsibility

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
April 2018
ISBN:
9780190609610
eISBN:
9780190609634
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190609610.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

Widely derided by popular psychologists as a destructive response, blame has many defenders among contemporary philosophers. The chapter pushes against their defenses of blame by distinguishing ... More


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