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Nature Red in Tooth and Claw: Theism and the Problem of Animal Suffering

Michael Murray

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199237272
eISBN:
9780191717291
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199237272.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

The problem of evil remains a perennial challenge to theistic belief. However, one aspect of this challenge has been largely unexplored by theists — the problem of non-human animal pain and ... More


The Evolution of Consciousness

Euan Macphail

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198503248
eISBN:
9780191686481
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198503248.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Are non-human animals conscious? When do babies begin to feel pain? What function is served by consciousness? What evidence could resolve these issues? These questions are tackled by exploring ... More


Natural Theories of Consciousness

Peter Carruthers

in Consciousness: Essays from a Higher-Order Perspective

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199277360
eISBN:
9780191602597
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199277362.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Works its way through a variety of different accounts of phenomenal consciousness, looking at the strengths and weaknesses of each. At the heart of the chapter is an extended critical examination of ... More


Philosophical and Future Perspectives

Cyriel M. A. Pennartz

in The Brain's Representational Power: On Consciousness and the Integration of Modalities

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262029315
eISBN:
9780262330121
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029315.003.0011
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

Here we review the philosophical implications of the theory presented in previous chapters, and its consequences for future research. This leads us to demarcate the current theory from classical ... More


Planning, Memory, and Decision Making

Amanda Seed, Nicola Clayton, Peter Carruthers, Anthony Dickinson, Paul W. Glimcher, Onur Güntürkün, Robert R. Hampton, Alex Kacelnik, Murray Shanahan, Jeffrey R. Stevens, and Sabine Tebbich

in Animal Thinking: Contemporary Issues in Comparative Cognition

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262016636
eISBN:
9780262298988
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016636.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter is motivated by the following questions: What sorts of information do animals use to make decisions, and what mechanisms underpin the actions of different animal species in different ... More


Beast machines? Questions of animal consciousness

Cecilia Heyes

in Frontiers of Consciousness: Chichele Lectures

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199233151
eISBN:
9780191696596
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199233151.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The term ‘beast machines’ denies that non-human animals have souls, minds, or, in contemporary language, ‘consciousness’. This view fuelled a debate, which is often said to relate to ‘the question of ... More


Sympathy and Subjectivity

Peter Carruthers

in Consciousness: Essays from a Higher-Order Perspective

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199277360
eISBN:
9780191602597
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199277362.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Shows that even if the mental states of non-human animals lack phenomenal properties, as some accounts of mental-state consciousness imply, this need not prevent those states from being appropriate ... More


Balance of evidence

Marian Stamp Dawkins

in Through Our Eyes Only?: The Search for Animal Consciousness

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198503200
eISBN:
9780191686474
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198503200.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter interrogates whether the existence of conscious awareness is really as untestable as it is usually made out to be. In other words, it tries to question whether the distinction between ... More


The Consciousness Paradox: Consciousness, Concepts, and Higher-Order Thoughts

Rocco J. Gennaro

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262016605
eISBN:
9780262298582
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016605.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Consciousness is arguably the most important area within contemporary philosophy of mind and perhaps the most puzzling aspect of the world. Despite an explosion of research from philosophers, ... More


What Is Suffering and What Sorts of Beings Can Suffer?

David DeGrazia

in Suffering and Bioethics

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2014
ISBN:
9780199926176
eISBN:
9780199396788
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199926176.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter opens with a conceptual investigation of suffering and distinguishes broad and narrow conceptions. The section that follows argues that if we bracket radical skepticism about animal ... More


Enter qualia

Jeffrey Gray

in Consciousness: Creeping up on the hard problem

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198520917
eISBN:
9780191584916
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198520917.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter begins with a discussion of the heart of the problem of consciousness: qualia. It explores animal consciousness and shows that animals, mammals in particular, have qualia, which rules ... More


Miss Halsey moves her foot

Marian Stamp Dawkins

in Through Our Eyes Only?: The Search for Animal Consciousness

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198503200
eISBN:
9780191686474
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198503200.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The first part of human's quest for consciousness in other species is to look at what is now known about their behaviour and to see whether this can be dismissed as simply the workings of unthinking, ... More


Self-Consciousness in Nonhuman Animals

Kristina Musholt

in Thinking about Oneself: From Nonconceptual Content to the Concept of a Self

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780262029209
eISBN:
9780262329767
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029209.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter discusses the implications of the account proposed in this book for the question of whether nonhuman animals possess self-consciousness. It discusses empirical studies of mirror ... More


Inferring Consciousness Out There

Marcello Massimini and Giulio Tononi

in Sizing up Consciousness: Towards an objective measure of the capacity for experience

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
July 2018
ISBN:
9780198728443
eISBN:
9780191841828
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198728443.003.0008
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter describes a preliminary exploration in search of criteria for consciousness in the biological and physical world beyond the human skull, including dolphins, octopuses, parrots, bees, and ... More


Introduction

Rocco J. Gennaro

in The Consciousness Paradox: Consciousness, Concepts, and Higher-Order Thoughts

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262016605
eISBN:
9780262298582
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016605.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This book defends and develops the metapsychological reductive representational theory of consciousness and attempts to apply it to several importantly related problems, including concept acquisition ... More


Sensation, Intentionality, and Animal Consciousness: Malebranche’s Theory of the Mind

Nicholas Jolley

in Causality and Mind: Essays on Early Modern Philosophy

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199669554
eISBN:
9780191763076
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199669554.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

In general, seventeenth-century philosophers assume that intentionality is an essential characteristic of our mental life. Malebranche is perhaps the only philosopher in the period who stands out ... More


Sizing up Consciousness: Towards an objective measure of the capacity for experience

Marcello Massimini and Giulio Tononi

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
July 2018
ISBN:
9780198728443
eISBN:
9780191841828
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198728443.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

Sizing up Consciousness explores, at an introductory level, the potential practical, clinical, and ethical implications of a general principle about the nature of consciousness. Using information ... More


For Fabricating Science: Do animals have a sense of prestige?

Vinciane Despret

in What Would Animals Say If We Asked the Right Questions?

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780816692378
eISBN:
9781452954394
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816692378.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter explores ethology’s shifts in their scientific understanding of animal subjectivity: animals have been conceived of as both subjects with the capacity for aesthetic judgment and as ... More


Of Birds and Reptiles (And Fish)

Michael Tye

in Tense Bees and Shell-Shocked Crabs: Are Animals Conscious?

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780190278014
eISBN:
9780190278045
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190278014.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Moral Philosophy

This chapter bolsters the conclusion drawn in the previous chapter by looking at the case of birds and lizards. Like fish, birds have no neocortex. Interestingly, they have a brain region that is a ... More


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