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Centaurs and science: The professionalization of laboratory animal care and use

Larry Carbone

in What Animals Want: Expertise and Advocacy in Laboratory Animal Welfare Policy

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195161960
eISBN:
9780199790067
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195161960.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter examines the development of the profession of laboratory animal veterinary medicine. It argues that veterinarians have carved out a limited niche for themselves without impinging on the ... More


 Do Place Cells Guide Spatial Behaviors?

Etienne Save and Bruno Poucet

in Hippocampal Place Fields: Relevance to Learning and Memory

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195323245
eISBN:
9780199869268
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195323245.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter reviews relevant data on the relationships between place cell firing and animals' spatial behavior. Evidence suggests that there is an interaction between place cells and behavior. Two ... More


The questions of animal rationality: Theory and evidence 1: Editors' introduction

Susan Hurley and Matthew Nudds

in Rational Animals?

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198528272
eISBN:
9780191689529
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528272.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This introductory chapter explains the coverage of this book, which is about animal rationality and mental processing in animals. This book discusses the ... More


General principles of cultural psychology

Carl Ratner

in Macro Cultural Psychology: A Political Philosophy of Mind

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780195373547
eISBN:
9780199918294
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195373547.003.0031
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

The chapter explains unique human psychology as the outgrowth of unique properties of culture. Human psychology is cultural because it is selected by the cultural environment. This is a Darwinian ... More


Natural law

Annabel S. Brett

in Changes of State: Nature and the Limits of the City in Early Modern Natural Law

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691141930
eISBN:
9781400838622
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691141930.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

This chapter explores the concept of natural law, turning first to the Protestant milieu. Alterity—what would in the seventeenth century come to be theorized, and problematized, as “sociability”—is ... More


The Uses of Biology

Carl N. Degler

in In Search of Human Nature: The Decline and Revival of Darwinism in American Social Thought

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195077070
eISBN:
9780199853991
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195077070.003.0011
Subject:
History, History of Ideas

This chapter examines social scientists' use of biology in the study of human behavior. The conundrum of the roots of the incest taboo among human beings is surely the most elaborate example of the ... More


Gesture, Sign, and Grammar: The Ritualization of Language

David F. Armstrong and Sherman E. Wilcox

in The Gestural Origin of Language

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195163483
eISBN:
9780199867523
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195163483.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter presents evidence from several signed languages for the emergence of grammar from the words (signs) of these languages. It details how signed words develop out of non-words — out of ... More


Behavioral Functions of Dopamine Neurons

Philippe N. Tobler

in Dopamine Handbook

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195373035
eISBN:
9780199865543
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195373035.003.0022
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems, History of Neuroscience

This chapter reviews the extracellular studies of dopamine neurons in behaving animals. Topics covered include motor functions of dopamine neurons, reward functions of dopamine neurons, reward ... More


The Chemical Interactions between Organisms

Richard Firn

in Nature's Chemicals: The Natural Products that shaped our world

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199566839
eISBN:
9780191721700
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566839.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

This chapter focuses on the important role of Natural Products in determining the interactions between individuals (of the same or of different species) that cohabit an area. The interactions between ... More


The Problem of Thinking without Words

Jose Luis Bermudez

in Thinking without Words

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195159691
eISBN:
9780199849598
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195159691.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter outlines the different types of question posed by the forms of psychological explanations of the behavior of nonlinguistic creatures given in various parts of the cognitive and ... More


The Neurobiology of Spatial Behaviour

K.J. Jeffery (ed.)

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198515241
eISBN:
9780191687914
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198515241.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This book explores the relationship between cellular processes and animal behaviour. It does this by focusing on the domain of navigation, bringing together scientists from either side of the ... More


The Effects of Cannabis on the Central Nervous System

Leslie L. Iversen

in The Science of Marijuana

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195328240
eISBN:
9780199864751
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195328240.003.0004
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

This chapter discusses the central nervous system effects of cannabis. Topics covered include subjective reports of the marijuana high, laboratory studies of marijuana in human volunteers, insights ... More


Where Is the Information in Animal Communication?

Julia Fischer

in Animal Thinking: Contemporary Issues in Comparative Cognition

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262016636
eISBN:
9780262298988
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016636.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Communication is a central topic in animal behavior studies and yet the dispute over what constitutes communication is far from settled. This chapter provides an integrative framework that views ... More


How Do Dolphins Solve Problems?

Stan A. Kuczaj II and Rachel Thames Walker

in Comparative Cognition: Experimental Explorations of Animal Intelligence

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195377804
eISBN:
9780199848461
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195377804.003.0030
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Some animals appear to engage in purposeful problem solving. Trial-and-error learning and conscious reflection appear to lie at opposite ends ... More


Affordances: A New Ecology for Psychology

Edward S. Reed

in Encountering the World: Toward an Ecological Psychology

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195073010
eISBN:
9780199846887
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195073010.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Ecological psychology holds that behavior and awareness are an animal's ways of discovering and using key resources—the values and meanings—of the animal's surroundings. Human beings are no different ... More


Rational Animals?

Susan Hurley and Matthew Nudds (eds)

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198528272
eISBN:
9780191689529
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528272.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This book focuses on one of the major debates in science today — how closely does mental processing in animals resemble mental processing in humans? It addresses the ... More


Evolution, Ecology, and Ethics

Anna L. Peterson

in Being Human: Ethics, Environment, and Our Place in the World

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520226548
eISBN:
9780520926059
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520226548.003.0009
Subject:
Anthropology, Anthropology, Theory and Practice

This chapter explores the role of anthropological claims in ethics with a look at the ways the natural sciences might contribute to alternative narratives about human nature and relations with the ... More


Animal Thinking: Contemporary Issues in Comparative Cognition

Randolf Menzel and Julia Fischer (eds)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262016636
eISBN:
9780262298988
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016636.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Do animals have cognitive maps? Do they possess knowledge? Do they plan for the future? Do they understand that others have mental lives of their own? This volume provides a state-of-the-art ... More


Animal Thinking: An Introduction

Randolf Menzel and Julia Fischer

in Animal Thinking: Contemporary Issues in Comparative Cognition

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262016636
eISBN:
9780262298988
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016636.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Since the advent of the cognitive revolution in the 1960s, animals have been viewed as goal-seeking agents that acquire, store, retrieve, and internally process information at many levels of ... More


Human Memory Search

Eddy J. Davelaar and Jeroen G. W. Raaijmakers

in Cognitive Search: Evolution, Algorithms, and the Brain

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262018098
eISBN:
9780262306003
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262018098.003.0011
Subject:
Sociology, Social Psychology and Interaction

The importance of understanding human memory search is hard to exaggerate: we build and live our lives based on what we remember. This chapter explores the characteristics of memory search, with ... More


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