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 Psychology: Soul, Intellect, and Knowledge

Peter Adamson

in Al-KindĪ

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195181425
eISBN:
9780199785087
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181425.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

Al-Kindī wrote a well-known treatise On Intellect, which was the first Arabic treatise to give a taxonomy of the types of intellect (following Greek sources, especially Philoponus, in interpreting ... More


Aristotle's Project and Method

Pavel Gregoric

in Aristotle on the Common Sense

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199277377
eISBN:
9780191707537
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199277377.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Since souls are forms of living beings, according to Aristotle, a scientific study of living beings requires first and foremost a systematic account of the soul. Such an account is supplied in the ... More


The Perceptual Capacity of the Soul

Pavel Gregoric

in Aristotle on the Common Sense

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199277377
eISBN:
9780191707537
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199277377.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This chapter looks at Aristotle's account of the perceptual capacity of the soul as delineated in the treatise De Anima. Like the soul as a whole, the perceptual part of the soul is divided ... More


De Anima III.1 425a27

Pavel Gregoric

in Aristotle on the Common Sense

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199277377
eISBN:
9780191707537
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199277377.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

One of the main purposes of De Anima III.1 is to show that there can be no sense in addition to the five familiar ones — that is, sight, hearing, smell, taste, and touch. Aristotle supplies an ... More


De Anima III.7 431b5

Pavel Gregoric

in Aristotle on the Common Sense

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199277377
eISBN:
9780191707537
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199277377.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This chapter examines whether De Anima 431 b 5 contains an elliptical occurrence of the phrase ‘common sense’, and if so, what is its exact reference. As a starting point, it is assumed that the ... More


Perceptual Discrimination

Pavel Gregoric

in Aristotle on the Common Sense

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199277377
eISBN:
9780191707537
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199277377.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This chapter examines Aristotle's notion of perceptual discrimination, which he discusses in De Anima III.2 (426 b 8-427 a 16) and III.7 (431 a 20 b 1). In the first of these passages the ... More


Waking, Sleep, and Control of the Senses

Pavel Gregoric

in Aristotle on the Common Sense

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199277377
eISBN:
9780191707537
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199277377.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

In De Somno et Vigilia 2 Aristotle observes that sleep and waking are contrary states which simultaneously affect all individual senses of an animal. Aristotle argues that this occurs because there ... More


Perceiving That We See and Hear, and Monitoring of the Senses

Pavel Gregoric

in Aristotle on the Common Sense

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199277377
eISBN:
9780191707537
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199277377.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This chapter continues the investigation of the phenomenon that Aristotle describes as ‘perceiving that we see and hear’ by analysing the much discussed passage from the beginning of De Anima III.2 ... More


Other Roles of the Common Sense

Pavel Gregoric

in Aristotle on the Common Sense

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199277377
eISBN:
9780191707537
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199277377.003.0016
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This chapter considers two perceptual operations which can be plausibly related to the common sense. These two perceptual operations are often regarded as functions of the common sense. In fact, the ... More


Conclusion

Pavel Gregoric

in Aristotle on the Common Sense

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199277377
eISBN:
9780191707537
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199277377.003.0017
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

The conclusion discusses the common sense as envisioned by Aristotle, particularly what he himself designates with the phrase and what we should designate as the Aristotelian notion of the common ... More


Uprightness

Rushmir Mahmutćehajić

in On Love: In the Muslim Tradition

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2011
ISBN:
9780823227518
eISBN:
9780823237029
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fso/9780823227518.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Islam

Truth for a person means his existence through what he is. The human self is thus identified with its essence. However, thought is incapable of surpassing ontological objectification and fundamental ... More


Democritus and Lucretius on Death and Dying

C. C. W. Taylor

in Pleasure, Mind, and Soul: Selected Papers in Ancient Philosophy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199226399
eISBN:
9780191710209
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199226399.003.0018
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This chapter compares the treatments of death and dying by Democritus and Lucretius. Both held the soul to be a physical structure of atoms, and death to consist in the loss of soul-atoms from the ... More


The Soul as an Inner Principle of Change: The Basis of Aristotle's Psychological Naturalism *

Thomas Johansen

in Maieusis: Essays in Ancient Philosophy in Honour of Myles Burnyeat

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199289974
eISBN:
9780191711008
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199289974.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This chapter examines Aristotle's claim that the soul is an inner principle of change, against the background of his account in the Physics of nature as an inner principle of change. That for ... More


Background Texts

William C. Chittick

in The Heart of Islamic Philosophy: The Quest for Self-Knowledge in the Teachings of Afdal al-Din Kashani

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195139136
eISBN:
9780199834075
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195139135.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Islam

Bâbâ Afdal drew inspiration both from Greek writings in Arabic and from the writings of various Muslim thinkers. This chapter provides excerpts from his Persian translations of the ... More


Transmission to Medieval Western Europe

Christopher I. Beckwith

in Warriors of the Cloisters: The Central Asian Origins of Science in the Medieval World

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691155319
eISBN:
9781400845170
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691155319.003.0006
Subject:
History, World Medieval History

This chapter examines how the recursive argument method was transmitted to medieval Western Europe. The appearance of the recursive argument method in Latin texts was preceded by more than a century ... More


Evaluative Cognition

Jessica Moss

in Aristotle on the Apparent Good: Perception, Phantasia, Thought, and Desire

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199656349
eISBN:
9780191742156
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199656349.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter lays the groundwork for an account of evaluative phantasia by showing that Aristotle thinks all motivation depends on some form or other of evaluative cognition: perception, phantasia, ... More


Phantasia and the Apparent Good

Jessica Moss

in Aristotle on the Apparent Good: Perception, Phantasia, Thought, and Desire

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199656349
eISBN:
9780191742156
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199656349.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter develops an account of phantasia which differs from mainstream ones in its minimalism: phantasia can do everything Aristotle attributes to it while being simply what he evidently defines ... More


Aristotle On Odour And Smell

Mark A. Johnstone

in Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy, Volume 43

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199666164
eISBN:
9780191751936
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199666164.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

The sense of smell occupies a peculiar intermediate position in Aristotle's theory of sense perception: odours, like colours and sounds, are perceived at a distance through an external medium; yet in ... More


Hearing Silence: The Perception and Introspection of Absences 1

Roy Sorensen

in Sounds and Perception: New Philosophical Essays

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199282968
eISBN:
9780191712333
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199282968.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

In the course of demarcating the senses, Aristotle defined sound in De Anima as the proper object of hearing: ‘sight has colour, hearing sound, and taste flavour’ (II.6, 418b13). Sound cannot be ... More


Anima, Gender, Feminism

Susan Rowland

in Teaching Jung

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199735426
eISBN:
9780199914524
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199735426.003.0011
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

In this chapter, the focus is on Jung's ideas about the anima archetype as a figure of the “inner feminine” in men. The chapter scrutinizes Jung's theory from a feminist perspective and finds much to ... More


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