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Biology of Aggression

Randy J. Nelson (ed.)

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195168761
eISBN:
9780199865444
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195168761.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

The primary goal of this book is to summarize and synthesize recent advances in the biological study of aggression. Other than maternal aggression, most aggressive encounters among human and ... More


Androgens and Aggression

Neal G. Simon and Shi-Fang Lu

in Biology of Aggression

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195168761
eISBN:
9780199865444
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195168761.003.0009
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

This chapter utilizes conspecific, offensive aggression in males and females as model systems to exemplify androgenic influences on aggressive behavior. This form of aggression is a productive ... More


Hormonal Influences on Brain Plasticity: II. Sex Hormones

Luis Miguel García-Segura

in Hormones and Brain Plasticity

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195326611
eISBN:
9780199864881
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326611.003.0004
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

This chapter discusses the actions of gonadal hormones on synaptic plasticity and cellular replacement, and the potential mechanisms involved in the hormonal actions. It begins by examining the ... More


Sex Differences in Neuroplasticity

Csaba Leranth, Neil J. MacLusky, and Tibor Hajszan

in Sex Differences in the Brain: From Genes to Behavior

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195311587
eISBN:
9780199865048
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195311587.003.0011
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

In a concomitant study, using electron microscopic stereological calculation, Woolley and McEwen (Woolley & McEwen, 1992) have demonstrated that, even during the ovarian cycle there is a fluctuation ... More


Prostate Cancer

Lorelei A. Mucci, Lisa B. Signorello, and Hans-Olov Adami

in Textbook of Cancer Epidemiology

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195311174
eISBN:
9780199865093
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195311174.003.0020
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Since prostate cancer began to attract more epidemiologic interest in the 1980s, numerous etiologic clues have been identified, and areas are now emerging as promising in the search for causes of ... More


Hormonally-regulated trade-offs: Evolutionary variability and phenotypic plasticity in testosterone signaling pathways

Michaela Hau and John C. Wingfield

in Mechanisms of Life History Evolution: The Genetics and Physiology of Life History Traits and Trade-Offs

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199568765
eISBN:
9780191774591
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199568765.003.0026
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Hormones have been proposed as internal signals that mediate life history trade-offs in both invertebrates and vertebrates. This chapter reviews the evidence for such a role. It outlines possible ... More


The Distribution and Regulation of Aromatase in the Mammalian Brain: from Mice to Monkeys

Charles E. Roselli

in Brain Aromatase, Estrogens, and Behavior

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199841196
eISBN:
9780199979837
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199841196.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

The mammalian brain produces low levels of estrogens relative to the ovary and placenta, but by restricting synthesis to the site of estrogen action is able to exert powerful effects on neural ... More


Expression, Regulation, and Potential Functions of Aromatase in Radial Glial Cells of the Fish Brain

Elisabeth Pellegrini, Colette Vaillant, Nicolas Diotel, Pascal Benquet, François Brion, and Olivier Kah

in Brain Aromatase, Estrogens, and Behavior

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199841196
eISBN:
9780199979837
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199841196.003.0007
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

Brain aromatase in fish is an exciting research topic because of several unconventional features that challenge the established view based on studies in other vertebrates. First, the brain of teleost ... More


The Aromatization Hypothesis, 1970–1990

Lynwood G. Clemens

in Brain Aromatase, Estrogens, and Behavior

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199841196
eISBN:
9780199979837
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199841196.003.0009
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

In the 1970s Carlos Beyers and his colleagues demonstrated that androgens that cannot be aromatized to estrogen also do not mimic testosterone in some test situations. These early tests of the ... More


Diving Deeper into Mechanism: Individual and Sex Differences in Testosterone Production, Sensitivity, and Genomic Responses

Kimberly A. Rosvall, Christine M. Bergeon Burns, and Mark P. Peterson

in Snowbird: Integrative Biology and Evolutionary Diversity in the Junco

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780226330778
eISBN:
9780226330808
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226330808.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

If we are to understand how hormone-mediated traits evolve, we need to examine the mechanisms underlying individual and sex differences in hormones and their effect on physiology, behavior, and ... More


Parental Influences on Offspring Personality Traits in Oviparous and Placental Vertebrates

Ton G. G. Groothuis and Dario Maestripieri

in Animal Personalities: Behavior, Physiology, and Evolution

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226922058
eISBN:
9780226922065
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226922065.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Animal Behavior / Behavioral Ecology

This chapter explores the maternal effects on offspring personality development in both oviparous and placental vertebrates. In particular, it discusses how prenatal maternal stress and prenatal ... More


Prostate Cancer

Catherine M. Tangen, Marian L. Neuhouser, and Janet L. Stanford

in Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780190238667
eISBN:
9780190238698
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190238667.003.0053
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology, Public Health

Prostate cancer is the most common solid tumor and the second leading cause of cancer-related mortality in American men. Worldwide, prostate cancer ranks second and fifth as a cause of cancer and ... More


The neuroendocrine regulation of sexual behaviour in the adult female

Alan F. Dixson

in Primate Sexuality: Comparative Studies of the Prosimians, Monkeys, Apes, and Humans

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199544646
eISBN:
9780191810022
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199544646.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter discusses the effect of hormones in the central nervous system or genitalia that influence the behaviour and sexual attractiveness of female primates. It explores the function of adrenal ... More


Hormones and sexual behaviour in the adult male

Alan F. Dixson

in Primate Sexuality: Comparative Studies of the Prosimians, Monkeys, Apes, and Humans

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199544646
eISBN:
9780191810022
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199544646.003.0013
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter discusses the seasonal changes in hormones and sexual behaviour of male primates. It examines the effects of castration, testosterone replacement, anti-androgens, and metabolites on male ... More


The Integrative Psychobiology of Early Gender Development

Melissa Hines

in Gender, Sex, and Sexualities: Psychological Perspectives

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780190658540
eISBN:
9780190658571
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190658540.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter describes the role of early testosterone exposure in gender development. It discusses these hormonal influences and how they relate to genetic influences, socialization by others, and ... More


The Neuroendocrine System and General Mechanisms of Endocrine Disruption

Heather B. Patisaul and Scott M. Belcher

in Endocrine Disruptors, Brain, and Behavior

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780199935734
eISBN:
9780190678524
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199935734.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Behavioural Neuroendocrinology

The neuroendocrine system is the interface between the endocrine and nervous systems. This chapter presents an overview of the neuroendocrine system and endogenous hormones, with a primary focus on ... More


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