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Natural Justice

Ken Binmore

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195178111
eISBN:
9780199783670
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195178111.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This book attempts to create an evolutionary theory of fairness. Sharing food is commonplace in the animal kingdom because it insures animals that share against hunger. Anthropologists report that ... More


The Architecture of Reason: The Structure and Substance of Rationality

Robert Audi

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195158427
eISBN:
9780199871407
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195158427.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

The literature on theoretical reason has been dominated by epistemological concerns, treatments of practical reason by ethical concerns. This book overcomes the limitations of dealing with each ... More


General Introduction

Stephen G. Post

in Altruism and Health: Perspectives from Empirical Research

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195182910
eISBN:
9780199786794
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195182910.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Health Psychology

This introductory chapter begins by defining the term altruism. Altruism, for the purposes of this volume, refers to a fundamental orientation of the agent that is primarily ‘other-regarding’, in ... More


Motivation, Agency, and Public Policy: Of Knights and Knaves, Pawns and Queens

Julian Le Grand

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199266999
eISBN:
9780191600869
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199266999.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

Can we rely on the public service ethos to deliver high quality public services? Are professionals such as doctors and teachers really public‐spirited altruists—knights—or self‐interested ... More


Responsibility for Omissions

Ingmar Persson and Julian Savulescu

in Unfit for the Future: The Need for Moral Enhancement

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199653645
eISBN:
9780191742033
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199653645.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

The more our power to act — including our power to prevent suffering — grows because of the advance of scientific technology, the more important it becomes to see the falsity of the act-omission ... More


The Group Selection Controversy

Samir Okasha

in Evolution and the Levels of Selection

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199267972
eISBN:
9780191708275
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199267972.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter examines the notorious issue of group selection in behavioural ecology, one of the mainstays of the traditional levels of selection debate. The history of the group selection controversy ... More


Partiality and Impartiality: Morality, Special Relationships, and the Wider World

Brian Feltham and John Cottingham (eds)

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199579952
eISBN:
9780191595233
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199579952.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

What is owed to others that I may not keep for myself? What may I keep for myself, even when others are in need? These transparently moral questions may immediately invite knee-jerk moralistic ... More


Love and Friendship in Plato and Aristotle

A. W. Price

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198248996
eISBN:
9780191681172
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198248996.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This book fully explores for the first time an idea common to Plato and Aristotle, which unites their treatments—otherwise very different—of love and friendship. The idea is that although persons are ... More


A Theory of Virtue: Excellence in Being for the Good

Robert Merrihew Adams

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199207510
eISBN:
9780191708824
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207510.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This book offers a systematic, comprehensive framework for thinking about the moral evaluation of character. Many recent attempts to stake out a place in moral philosophy for this concern define ... More


Parochialism, Altruism, and War

Samuel Bowles and Herbert Gintis

in A Cooperative Species: Human Reciprocity and Its Evolution

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151250
eISBN:
9781400838837
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151250.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

This chapter examines the coevolution of two genetically transmitted individual traits, parochialism and altruism, each providing the conditions for the evolutionary success of the other, and both ... More


Epilogue

A. W. Price

in Love and Friendship in Plato and Aristotle

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198248996
eISBN:
9780191681172
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198248996.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The character of life that has permitted people to unite egoism and altruism to a certain degree is that which is called moral fecundity. It is necessary that individual life should diffuse itself ... More


Rational Actors and Social Citizenship

Peter Taylor‐Gooby

in Reframing Social Citizenship

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199546701
eISBN:
9780191720420
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199546701.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Political Economy

This chapter examines the arguments about whether social citizenship can be based on an individual rational actor logic or requires a framework of normative principles, embedded in the institutions ... More


Altruism

Robert Merrihew Adams

in A Theory of Virtue: Excellence in Being for the Good

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199207510
eISBN:
9780191708824
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207510.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Finding an appropriate way of evaluating altruistic benevolence is a crucial test of a theory of virtue as a sort of intrinsic excellence. Some may think that altruism is sufficiently commended by ... More


Moral Science

Ken Binmore

in Natural Justice

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195178111
eISBN:
9780199783670
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195178111.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This chapter presents an overview of the book. It argues that the metaphysical approach to ethics is a failure and that the time has come to take a scientific view of morality. A social contract is ... More


Reciprocity

Ken Binmore

in Natural Justice

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195178111
eISBN:
9780199783670
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195178111.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

The folk theorem shows that cooperative behavior can be sustained as a Nash equilibrium in indefinitely repeated games — a phenomenon known as reciprocal altruism. The same theorem offers a solution ... More


From Rationality to Equality

James P. Sterba

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199580767
eISBN:
9780191745836
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580767.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

Most contemporary moral and political philosophers would like to have an argument showing that morality is rationally required. This book provides just such an argument and further show that ... More


Altruism and Welfare

David Miller

in Market, State, and Community: Theoretical Foundations of Market Socialism

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198278641
eISBN:
9780191599903
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198278640.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Libertarians argue that altruistic concern for the poor should be channelled through private charity rather than through a (compulsory) welfare state. Altruism, however, is a complex idea. Should it ... More


INTRINSIC CONCERN FOR OTHERS

David O. Brink

in Perfectionism and the Common Good: Themes in the Philosophy of T. H. Green

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199266401
eISBN:
9780191600906
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199266409.003.0017
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter examines Aristotle's and Green's concern for the common good. It is argued that both Aristotle and Green have the analytic resources to provide a eudaimonist justification of ... More


Others as Ends

Robert Audi

in The Architecture of Reason: The Structure and Substance of Rationality

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195158427
eISBN:
9780199871407
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195158427.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Much of what we want, such as food and entertainment and good company, we want for our own consumption or enjoyment; but we can also want those same sorts of things for other people. Indeed, if we ... More


Social selection

Graham Bell

in Selection: The Mechanism of Evolution

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780198569725
eISBN:
9780191717741
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198569725.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Selection is often generated by interaction with other organisms: neighbours, partners, or antagonists. The force and direction of selection in these social contexts is very generally influenced by ... More


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