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New Perspectives in Stochastic Geometry

Wilfrid S. Kendall and Ilya Molchanov (eds)

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199232574
eISBN:
9780191716393
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199232574.001.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, Geometry / Topology

Stochastic geometry is a subject with roots stretching back at least 300 years, but one which has only been formed as an academic area in the last 50 years. It covers the study of random patterns, ... More


The Right to Life and Conflicting Interests

Elizabeth Wicks

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199547395
eISBN:
9780191594373
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199547395.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Medical Law

The right to life is a core human right which has not yet received the detailed legal analysis that it requires. This book provides detailed, critical analysis of the controversial human right to ... More


Firms, Contracts, and Financial Structure

Oliver Hart

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198288817
eISBN:
9780191596353
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198288816.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This book provides a framework for thinking about economic relationships and institutions such as firms. The basic argument is that in a world of incomplete contracts, institutional arrangements are ... More


Increasing Returns and Efficiency

Martine Quinzii

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195065534
eISBN:
9780199855063
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195065534.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

Increasing returns to scale is an area in economics that is becoming more important in the literature. The economic phenomenon of increasing returns presents serious conceptual difficulties for the ... More


Axiomatic Bargaining Theory

Partha Dasgupta

in An Inquiry into Well-Being and Destitution

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198288350
eISBN:
9780191596094
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198288352.003.0016
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The main part of this chapter discusses the household as an allocation mechanism. It has eight sections; (1) gender differentials among adults; (2) allocations among girls and boys; (3) bridewealth ... More


Real National Income as a Measure of General Well‐Being

Partha Dasgupta

in An Inquiry into Well-Being and Destitution

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198288350
eISBN:
9780191596094
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198288352.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The main part of this chapter discusses decentralization and central guidance in relation to resource allocation. There are seven sections: (1) competitive mechanisms in the private realm; (2) the ... More


Predicting Party Sizes: The Logic of Simple Electoral Systems

Rein Taagepera

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199287741
eISBN:
9780191713408
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199287741.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

For a given electoral system, what average number and size distribution of parties can we expect? This book makes specific predictions that agree with world averages. The basic factors are assembly ... More


Seat Allocation in Federal Second Chambers and the Assemblies of the European Union

Rein Taagepera

in Predicting Party Sizes: The Logic of Simple Electoral Systems

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199287741
eISBN:
9780191713408
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199287741.003.0016
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

The number of seats in the European Parliament roughly equals the cube root of the population of the European Union. This theoretically based ‘cube root law of assembly sizes’ also fits most national ... More


Electoral Systems—Simple and Complex

Rein Taagepera

in Predicting Party Sizes: The Logic of Simple Electoral Systems

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199287741
eISBN:
9780191713408
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199287741.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

To allocate seats to candidates or parties, even a simple electoral system must specify at least the following: the total number of seats in the assembly (assembly size); the number of seats ... More


Openness to Small Parties: The Micro‐Mega Rule and the Seat Product

Rein Taagepera

in Predicting Party Sizes: The Logic of Simple Electoral Systems

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199287741
eISBN:
9780191713408
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199287741.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

The micro-mega rule says that for representation of small parties, it helps to have large assembly sizes, large district magnitudes, and large quotas or large gaps between divisors in seat allocation ... More


Individualism: An Essay on the Authority of the European Union

Alexander Somek

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199542086
eISBN:
9780191715518
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199542086.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law, EU Law

This new and innovative study explains that a transnational regime is based on a conception of citizenship that is different from the conception underlying a constitutional democracy. Citizens are ... More


Should the Multiproduct Firm Use the Market Share Metric?

Sharan Jagpal

in Fusion for Profit: How Marketing and Finance Can Work Together to Create Value

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195371055
eISBN:
9780199870745
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195371055.003.0005
Subject:
Business and Management, Marketing

This chapter examines the conditions under which the multiproduct firm should use market share as a metric for resource allocation. It distinguishes short- and long-run effects, analyze the effects ... More


From Declared to Actual Policy: Short‐Term Influences on Government Policies

Michael D. McDonald and Ian Budge

in Elections, Parties, Democracy: Conferring the Median Mandate

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199286720
eISBN:
9780191603327
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199286728.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Manifestoes and declarations state priorities for policy rather than getting down to the nitty-gritty. Actual decision-making involves the allocation of scarce resources, and this is examined in this ... More


The Federal Vision: Legitimacy and Levels of Governance in the United States and the European Union

Kalypso Nicolaidis and Robert Howse (eds)

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199245000
eISBN:
9780191599996
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199245002.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

This book is about the complex and changing relationship between levels of governance in the US and the European Union. On the basis of a transatlantic dialogue between scholars concerned about modes ... More


The Intrinsic Value of the Environment

Wilfred Beckerman and Joanna Pasek

in Justice, Posterity, and the Environment

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199245086
eISBN:
9780191598784
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199245088.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

Generations are not homogeneous entities and are composed of individuals and nations that have conflicting interests in the way in which resources are allocated among competing uses. This chapter ... More


Plural Values and Environmental Valuation

Wilfred Beckerman and Joanna Pasek

in Justice, Posterity, and the Environment

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199245086
eISBN:
9780191598784
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199245088.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

This chapter discusses critically the main criticisms of the use of cost‐benefit analysis in environmental policy, such as the incommensurability of environmental values with the values born by ... More


International Justice and Sharing the Burden of Environmental Protection

Wilfred Beckerman and Joanna Pasek

in Justice, Posterity, and the Environment

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199245086
eISBN:
9780191598784
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199245088.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

Some current environmental problems are global and have public good elements that raise, in an acute form, the question of how the costs of a collective effort from which the world as a whole will ... More


The Role of Government in Economic Development: Some Observations from the Experience of China, Hong Kong, and Taiwan

Lawrence J. Lau

in The Role of Government in East Asian Economic Development: Comparative Institutional Analysis

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780198294917
eISBN:
9780191715501
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198294917.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

This chapter examines the policies adopted and implemented by the governments of China, Hong Kong, and Taiwan in the process of their economic development. It presents a comprehensive list of policy ... More


Financial Restraint: Toward a New Paradigm

Thomas Hellmann, Kevin Murdock, and Joseph Stiglitz

in The Role of Government in East Asian Economic Development: Comparative Institutional Analysis

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780198294917
eISBN:
9780191715501
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198294917.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

This chapter introduces the new concept of financial restraint: a set of financial policies that create rent opportunities in the banking and production sectors. It is argued that these rents may ... More


The Use of Internal Models: Comparison of the New Basel Credit Proposals with Available Internal Models for Credit Risk

Michel Crouhy, Dan Galai, and Robert Mark

in Capital Adequacy beyond Basel: Banking, Securities, and Insurance

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195169713
eISBN:
9780199783717
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195169713.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This chapter presents the New Capital Adequacy Accord proposed by the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision (Basel II) to replace the current 1988 Capital Accord (Basel I) by a more risk-sensitive ... More


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