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Invitation to Fixed-Parameter Algorithms

Rolf Niedermeier

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198566076
eISBN:
9780191713910
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566076.001.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, Combinatorics / Graph Theory / Discrete Mathematics

This book provides an introduction to the concept of fixed-parameter tractability. The corresponding design and analysis of efficient fixed-parameter algorithms for optimally solving combinatorially ... More


Fast Computation on Massive Data Sets

Željko Ivezi, Andrew J. Connolly, Jacob T. VanderPlas, Alexander Gray, Željko Ivezi, Andrew J. Connolly, Jacob T. VanderPlas, and Alexander Gray

in Statistics, Data Mining, and Machine Learning in Astronomy: A Practical Python Guide for the Analysis of Survey Data

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151687
eISBN:
9781400848911
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151687.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter describes basic concepts and tools for tractably performing the computations described in the rest of this book. The need for fast algorithms for such analysis subroutines is becoming ... More


ALGORITHMIC THEORIES OF FINITELY GENERATED SOLUBLE GROUPS

John C. Lennox and Derek J. S. Robinson

in The Theory of Infinite Soluble Groups

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198507284
eISBN:
9780191709326
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507284.003.0009
Subject:
Mathematics, Pure Mathematics

This chapter discusses the word, generalized word, and conjugacy problems; algorithmic problems for polycyclic groups; soluble minimax groups; finitely generated metabelian groups; and submodule ... More


Limit Theorems in Stochastic Geometry

Tomasz Schreiber

in New Perspectives in Stochastic Geometry

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199232574
eISBN:
9780191716393
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199232574.003.0004
Subject:
Mathematics, Geometry / Topology

This chapter gives a survey of limit techniques used in stochastic geometry, emphasizing the interplay of classical techniques with geometric and algorithmic ideas.


Plausible Reasoning

David Hodgson

in Rationality + Consciousness = Free Will

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199845309
eISBN:
9780199932269
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199845309.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, General

In Chapter 3, I consider one very important aspect of our rationality, namely our ability to engage in plausible reasoning; that is, reasoning in which the premises or data do not entail the ... More


The Uniqueness of Mathematics as a Social Practice

Jody Azzouni

in Tracking Reason: Proof, Consequence, and Truth

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195187137
eISBN:
9780199850570
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195187137.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

Before turning to mathematical practice, the chapter notes two presuppositions of any empirical study of the social inducing of consensus. First, such social inducing presupposes evidence of the ... More


The Derivation-Indicator View of Mathematical Practice

Jody Azzouni

in Tracking Reason: Proof, Consequence, and Truth

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195187137
eISBN:
9780199850570
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195187137.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter focuses on a distinction between a proof, which appears in customary mathematical discourse and has an irreducible semantic content, and a derivation, which is a syntactic object of some ... More


The Great Formal Machinery Works: Theories of Deduction and Computation at the Origins of the Digital Age

Jan von Plato

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691174174
eISBN:
9781400885039
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691174174.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The information age owes its existence to a little-known but crucial development, the theoretical study of logic and the foundations of mathematics. This book draws on original sources and rare ... More


The Logical Foundations of Means‐End Reasoning

John L. Pollock

in Common Sense, Reasoning, and Rationality

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195147667
eISBN:
9780199785865
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195147669.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter focuses on one aspect of practical cognition — plan-construction. Human plan-construction is generally based on means-end reasoning. Means-end reasoning is concerned with finding the ... More


Quantum Chaos, The Theory of Complexity, and Other Topics

Robert C. Hilborn

in Chaos and Nonlinear Dynamics: An Introduction for Scientists and Engineers

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198507239
eISBN:
9780191709340
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507239.003.0012
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter explores the connection between quantum mechanics, the theory of particle behaviour at the atomic scale, and classical chaos. The essential issue is the behaviour of quantum systems when ... More


Differentiating the Algorithmic Mind and the Reflective Mind

Keith E. Stanovich

in Rationality and the Reflective Mind

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195341140
eISBN:
9780199894307
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195341140.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Cognitive Models and Architectures

This chapter argues that it is useful to distinguish the algorithmic level of processing from the reflective level when discussing Type 2 processing. Individual differences in the former reflect the ... More


The Key Functions of the Reflective Mind and the Algorithmic Mind that Support Human Rationality

Keith E. Stanovich

in Rationality and the Reflective Mind

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195341140
eISBN:
9780199894307
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195341140.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Cognitive Models and Architectures

This chapter identifies the key operations of the algorithmic mind and the reflective mind that support human rationality. The key function of the algorithmic mind is to sustain the processing of ... More


Intentionality and the Theory of Vision

Frances Egan

in Perception

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195084627
eISBN:
9780199847167
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195084627.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The chapter discusses David Marr's theory of vision, which likens the visual system to an information-processing system with three levels: the topmost “theory of computation,” the algorithmic level, ... More


Conditional inference and constraint satisfaction: Reconciling mental models and the probabilistic approach

Mike Oaksford and Nick Chater

in Cognition and Conditionals: Probability and Logic in Human Thinking

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199233298
eISBN:
9780191696602
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199233298.003.0017
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter takes the first tentative steps towards an algorithmic level account of the probabilistic approach and demonstrates its face-validity by comparing it to a variety of data on conditional ... More


Humans as a Service: The Promise and Perils of Work in the Gig Economy

Jeremias Prassl

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
April 2018
ISBN:
9780198797012
eISBN:
9780191859458
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198797012.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Employment Law

The rise of the gig economy is disrupting business models across the globe. Platforms’ digital work intermediation has had a profound impact on traditional conceptions of the employment relationship. ... More


Bayesian brains and cognitive mechanisms:: Harmony or dissonance?

Henry Brighton and Gerd Gigerenzer

in The Probabilistic Mind:: Prospects for Bayesian cognitive science

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199216093
eISBN:
9780191695971
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199216093.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The chapter considers the project of probabilistic rational analysis in relation to a particularly well-studied and simple heuristic, the Take the Best algorithm. The authors relate the tension ... More


Fractal Philosophy (And the Small Matter of Learning How to Listen): Attunement as the Task of Art

Johnny Golding

in Deleuze and Contemporary Art

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748638376
eISBN:
9780748652662
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748638376.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter maps out the new aesthetic paradigm in relation to philosophy. It attempts to reconstruct a non-dialectical and complex Deleuzian aesthetics using resources based on Georg Wilhelm ... More


Effective Trade Execution

Riccardo Cesari, Massimiliano Marzo, and Paolo Zagaglia

in Portfolio Theory and Management

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199829699
eISBN:
9780199979790
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199829699.003.0018
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This chapter examines the role of algorithmic trading in modern financial markets. Additionally, order types, characteristics, and special features of algorithmic trading are described under the lens ... More


Algorithm Machine

Andreas Broeckmann

in Machine Art in the Twentieth Century

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780262035064
eISBN:
9780262336109
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035064.003.0004
Subject:
Art, Art History

This chapter discusses the ways in which twentieth-century artists have engaged with the aesthetic dimensions of algorithms and machine autonomy. It extends the narrative on the history of machine ... More


Applications of Artificial Chemistries

Wolfgang Banzhaf and Lidia Yamamoto

in Artificial Chemistries

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780262029438
eISBN:
9780262329460
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029438.003.0016
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter gives an overview of several domains where artificial chemistries have been applied. The first example of application is in the robotics domain, where artificial chemistries have been ... More


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