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From Morality to Mental Health: Virtue and Vice in a Therapeutic Culture

Mike W. Martin

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195304718
eISBN:
9780199786572
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195304713.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Morality and mental health are now inseparably linked in our view of character. Alcoholics are sick, yet they are punished for drunk driving. Drug addicts are criminals, but their punishment can be ... More


The Elephant in the Room: Silence and Denial in Everyday Life

Eviatar Zerubavel

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195187175
eISBN:
9780199943371
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195187175.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Culture

The fable of the Emperor's New Clothes is a classic example of a conspiracy of silence, a situation where everyone refuses to acknowledge an obvious truth. But the denial of social realities—whether ... More


‘Their Patience Folly?’: Catholicism and Irish Fiction

John Wilson Foster

in Irish Novels 1890-1940: New Bearings in Culture and Fiction

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199232833
eISBN:
9780191716454
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199232833.003.0005
Subject:
Literature, 20th-century Literature and Modernism

This chapter analyzes the associations between Catholicism and the Irish novel. Topics discussed include the significant number of Catholic women fiction writers, and depictions of alcoholism and ... More


The Devil's Chain: Prostitution and Social Control in Partitioned Poland

Keely Stauter-Halsted

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801454196
eISBN:
9781501701665
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801454196.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

In the half-century before Poland's long-awaited political independence in 1918, anxiety surrounded the country's burgeoning sex industry. This is the first book to examine the world of commercial ... More


Darwin's Use of Snuff and Alcohol

Ralph Colp Jr. M.D.

in Darwin's Illness

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813032313
eISBN:
9780813039237
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813032313.003.0015
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Two substances that Charles Darwin took for most of his life were snuff and alcohol. He first formed the habit of inhaling snuff when he was a teenaged student at Edinburgh and was given ... More


Treatment and Remission

Gilbert Quintero

in Drinking, Conduct Disorder, and Social Change: Navajo Experiences

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195136159
eISBN:
9780199863921
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195136159.003.0008
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter focuses on the diverse range of therapeutic options utilized by Navajos who have experienced problems related to alcohol abuse and dependency. It describes their use of formal treatment ... More


Elizabeth Bishop's Art

Peter Robinson

in Twentieth Century Poetry: Selves and Situations

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199273256
eISBN:
9780191706370
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199273256.003.0006
Subject:
Literature, 20th-century and Contemporary Literature

This chapter explores loss in Elizabeth Bishop's poetry and asks how her art may have helped her manage loss. The poet's orphaned childhood, her lesbianism, alcoholism, and her life in Brazil are ... More


Marie Esquiron: ‘Ma triste et injuste séquestration’

Susannah Wilson

in Voices from the Asylum: Four French Women Writers, 1850-1920

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199579358
eISBN:
9780191595226
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199579358.003.0004
Subject:
Literature, Prose (inc. letters, diaries), European Literature

This chapter considers a memoir written in 1893 by the feminist activist Marie Esquiron, in protest at her incarceration in a private psychiatric clinic. Using by means of comparison the case of ... More


Substance Abuse Networks

Connie Corley, Muriel Gray, and Richard Yakimo

in Handbook of Social Work in Health and Aging

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195173727
eISBN:
9780199893218
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195173727.003.0044
Subject:
Social Work, Health and Mental Health

This chapter summarizes epidemiological studies on the prevalence of alcoholism in older adults, as well as the diagnostic challenges presented by this population. It describes the service delivery ... More


Women's Treatment, Women's Spirituality

Cristopher D. Ringwald

in The Soul of Recovery: Uncovering the Spiritual Dimension in the Treatment of Addictions

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195147681
eISBN:
9780199849338
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195147681.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Alcoholic and addicted women in this chapter's study were rarely noted to be provided with the necessary treatment because, for one, women with children were not allowed to participate in such ... More


Our God, No God: Religious Methods and Secular Approaches

Cristopher D. Ringwald

in The Soul of Recovery: Uncovering the Spiritual Dimension in the Treatment of Addictions

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195147681
eISBN:
9780199849338
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195147681.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Alcoholism, addiction, or any form of substance abuse allows a person to experience his or her dark side and reveals the person's capability to perform acts of self-destruction or evil. Addicts ... More


Same Old Seventeen-Dollar Lamps

Timothy E. Quill

in Caring for Patients at the End of Life: Facing an Uncertain Future Together

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780195139402
eISBN:
9780199999859
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195139402.003.0002
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Palliative Medicine and Older People

This chapter relates the author's experience in caring for two patients who had near-death experience. One was a fundamentalist African American preacher who had vowed never to enter a hospital and ... More


Subjective Effects of Alcohol II: Individual Differences

Kenneth J. Sher and Mark D. Wood

in Mind-Altering Drugs: The Science of Subjective Experience

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195165319
eISBN:
9780199894055
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195165319.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Psychopharmacology

This chapter considers individual differences associated with alcohol effects. There is wide variability in subjective and other responses to alcohol. The sources of this variability include allelic ... More


Human genetic variation of medical significance

Kenneth K. Kidd and Judith R. Kidd

in Evolution in Health and Disease

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780199207466
eISBN:
9780191728167
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207466.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter reviews evidence on medically significant genetic variation in humans. Extensive amounts of normal genetic variation occur in humans, and every independently conceived individual is ... More


Model Behavior: Animal Experiments, Complexity, and the Genetics of Psychiatric Disorders

Nicole C. Nelson

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780226545929
eISBN:
9780226546117
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226546117.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This book examines how researchers establish and manage the intellectual justifications for animal modeling work, and how assumptions about the complexity of animals and of behavior shape this ... More


Father

Malcolm Gillies, David Pear, and Mark Carroll

in Self-Portrait of Percy Grainger

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195305371
eISBN:
9780199863624
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195305371.003.0002
Subject:
Music, History, Western

Extracts in this chapter describe the birth in England of Grainger's father, John Grainger, and his education. It covers the family tradition of “Graingerising” (keeping an artistic scrapbook) and ... More


A Marriage Tested by War: Ulysses and Julia Grant

John Y. Simon

in Intimate Strategies of the Civil War: Military Commanders and Their Wives

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195330854
eISBN:
9780199851393
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195330854.003.0008
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

This chapter describes how the marriage of Ulysses and Julia Grant withstood financial woes, accusations of alcoholism, sectionalism, civil war, and sudden unwanted fame. There were dark days, ... More


Mental health service users in research: Critical sociological perspectives

Patsy Staddon

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9781447307334
eISBN:
9781447307938
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447307334.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Social Research and Statistics

This book moves forward the narrative of service user experience and research involvement, using a sociological perspective on experiential knowledge and academic research. It examines the difficulty ... More


Alcoholism and the Working-class Man

Ruth Harris

in Murders and Madness: Medicine, Law, and Society in the Fin de Siècle

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198202592
eISBN:
9780191675430
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198202592.003.0007
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

There were also key areas in which medical knowledge had an important impact in undermining the perception of masculine moral agency. This chapter discusses the contemporary debate surrounding ... More


Types Of Alcoholics

Stephen J. Kunitz and K. Ruben Gabriel

in Drinking, Conduct Disorder, and Social Change: Navajo Experiences

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195136159
eISBN:
9780199863921
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195136159.003.0005
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter considers the question of whether behavioral manifestations of alcoholism can be used to define meaningful types of alcoholics similar to those described in other populations. The ... More


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