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Backsliding: Understanding Weakness of Will

Alfred R. Mele

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199896134
eISBN:
9780199949533
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199896134.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

People backslide. They freely do things they believe it would be best on the whole not to do – and best from their own point of view, not just the perspective of their peers or their parents. The aim ... More


An Essay on Belief and Acceptance

L. Jonathan Cohen

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198236047
eISBN:
9780191679179
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198236047.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

This study examines the tension between voluntariness and involuntariness in human cognition. The book seeks to counter the widespread tendency for analytic epistemology to be dominated by the ... More


Autonomous Agents: From Self-Control to Autonomy

Alfred R. Mele

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195150438
eISBN:
9780199869091
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195150430.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Explores the related topics of self‐control and personal autonomy. Self‐control is understood as the contrary of akrasia or weakness of will, and autonomy is placed in the family of metaphysical ... More


Weakness of Will and Practical Irrationality

Sarah Stroud and Christine Tappolet (eds)

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199257362
eISBN:
9780191601842
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199257361.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Among the many practical failures that threaten us, weakness of will or akrasia is often considered to be a paradigm of irrationality. The eleven new essays in this collection give a rich overview of ... More


Hard Luck: How Luck Undermines Free Will and Moral Responsibility

Neil Levy

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199601387
eISBN:
9780191729256
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199601387.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The concept of luck has played an important role in debates concerning free will and moral responsibility, yet participants in these debates have relied upon an intuitive notion of what luck is. This ... More


Desire

David Wolfsdorf

in Trials of Reason: Plato and the Crafting of Philosophy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195327328
eISBN:
9780199870646
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195327328.003.0002
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Greek, Roman, and Early Christian Philosophy

This chapter explains how arguments in Meno, Protagoras, and Lysis present a coherent conception of desire. Furthermore, it is argued that the much discussed passage at Gorgias 466–68 is ... More


Emotional Conflict and the Divided Self

Richard Sorabji

in Emotion and Peace of Mind: From Stoic Agitation to Christian Temptation

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199256600
eISBN:
9780191712609
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199256600.003.0021
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Plato's Socrates denies akrasia (wanting the course one thinks worse), but his Republic allows that Leontius did that, at the cost of revealing a divided soul, since one thing cannot simultaneously ... More


The Hedonism of the Protagoras Reconsidered

C. C. W. Taylor

in Pleasure, Mind, and Soul: Selected Papers in Ancient Philosophy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199226399
eISBN:
9780191710209
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199226399.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This chapter reconsiders the question of whether Socrates is represented in the Protagoras as maintaining some version of hedonism in his own person, or merely arguing ad hominem that the sophists ... More


Weakness of Will

Joseph Heath

in Following the Rules: Practical Reasoning and Deontic Constraint

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195370294
eISBN:
9780199871230
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195370294.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

The argument of the previous chapter suggests that, in general, people act in the way that they have best reason to act. This constitutes a tacit denial of the view that there is such a thing as ... More


Philosophy of Action: Defective Action and Belief-Formation

Nigel Voak

in Richard Hooker and Reformed Theology: A Study of Reason, Will, and Grace

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199260393
eISBN:
9780191602146
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199260397.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Theology

Examines Hooker’s philosophy of action, and in particular his views on defective action and belief-formation, in order to understand how the mental faculties, examined in the previous chapter, ... More


Is Procrastination Weakness of Will?

Sarah Stroud

in The Thief of Time: Philosophical Essays on Procrastination

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195376685
eISBN:
9780199776306
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195376685.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter investigates whether procrastination is a species of weakness of will. Procrastination resembles weakness of will: the procrastinating agent is not doing x even though he in some sense ... More


Parts of the Soul and the Psychology of Virtue

Christopher Bobonich

in Plato's Utopia Recast: His Later Ethics and Politics

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199251438
eISBN:
9780191597084
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199251436.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Plato's psychology in the Phaedo and the Republic is committed to a partitioning thesis that partitions the individual human being into a compound of distinct agent‐like parts. This chapter argues ... More


Akrasia and the Apparent Good

Jessica Moss

in Aristotle on the Apparent Good: Perception, Phantasia, Thought, and Desire

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199656349
eISBN:
9780191742156
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199656349.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter focuses on phantasia’s role in appetites, and in particular in Aristotle’s account of akrasia, weakness of will (acting on appetite against rational desire). This chapter uses Chapter ... More


Akrasia And Self‐Rule In Plato's Laws

Joshua Wilburn

in Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy, Volume 43

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199666164
eISBN:
9780191751936
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199666164.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This paper challenges the commonly held view that Plato acknowledges and accepts the possibility of akrasia in the Laws. It offers a new interpretation of the image of the divine puppet in Book 1 - ... More


Spenser, Psychomachia, and the Limits of Governance

Christopher Tilmouth

in Passion's Triumph over Reason: A History of the Moral Imagination from Spenser to Rochester

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199212378
eISBN:
9780191707254
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199212378.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, 17th-century and Restoration Literature

This chapter explores the presentation of the passions in The Faerie Queene, arguing that Spenser treats these as hostile, morally disruptive forces within the soul, powers which reason must fight ... More


A Partisan’s Guide to Socratic Intellectualism

Matthew Evans

in Desire, Practical Reason, and the Good

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195382440
eISBN:
9780199870158
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195382440.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, General

In a celebrated passage of Plato’s Protagoras (351b–58e) Socrates argues that it is impossible for us to do things that we know are better left undone. His claim, roughly put, is that we are capable ... More


Weakness of Will

Richard Holton

in Willing, Wanting, Waiting

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199214570
eISBN:
9780191706547
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199214570.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Philosophical orthodoxy identifies weakness of will with akrasia: the weak willed person is someone who intentionally acts against their better judgment. This chapter argues that this is a mistake. ... More


Introduction

Alfred R. Mele

in Backsliding: Understanding Weakness of Will

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199896134
eISBN:
9780199949533
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199896134.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter identifies the book’s goal—to show that weak-willed action is possible and to explain why it happens. The chapter provides conceptual and historical background, including background on ... More


Weakness of Will and Akrasia

Alfred R. Mele

in Backsliding: Understanding Weakness of Will

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199896134
eISBN:
9780199949533
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199896134.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

There is a voluminous philosophical literature on akrasia that at least purports to be about weakness of will. Richard Holton has developed a view of the nature of weak-willed actions that, as he ... More


Paradoxes of Irrationality

Donald Davidson

in Problems of Rationality

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780198237549
eISBN:
9780191601378
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198237545.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, General

The author believes that large‐scale rationality on the part of the interpretant is essential to his interpretability, and therefore, in his view, to her having a mind. How, then are cases of ... More


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