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The Role of Agriculture in Development

Mukesh Eswaran and Ashok Kotwal

in Understanding Poverty

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195305197
eISBN:
9780199783519
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195305191.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

As countries develop, their labor force shifts from agriculture to industry and services, and in the process, the well-being of the people improves. This essay sheds some light on the economic logic ... More


Production and Technology

John Landers

in The Field and the Forge: Population, Production, and Power in the Pre-industrial West

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199279579
eISBN:
9780191719448
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199279579.003.0003
Subject:
History, Social History, Economic History

Technology involves a trinity of three distinct elements that we shall term ‘hardware’, ‘procedure’, and ‘personnel’. The first embraces the non-human physical objects involved, whether inanimate ... More


Farming on the Eve of the Great Famine: Output and Productivity

Cormac Ó Gráda

in Ireland: A New Economic History 1780–1939

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198205982
eISBN:
9780191676895
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198205982.003.0005
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Economic History

Thomas Larcom's statistics on Ireland's agriculture for 1848 provide data on crop acreages and livestock by poor law union and barony, and on crop yields by county. From 1854 onwards, ... More


Labour Shedding and the Growth in Productivity

Robert C. Allen

in Enclosure and the Yeoman: The Agricultural Development of the South Midlands 1450-1850

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198282969
eISBN:
9780191684425
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198282969.003.0011
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

This chapter discusses the advantages of large farms, primarily labour productivity. It has been previously believed that large farms had no advantage over small using corn yields as the measure of ... More


Cropping Pattern and Agricultural Productivity

Dhian Kaur

in Economic Geography: Volume 1: Land, Water, and Agriculture

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780199458417
eISBN:
9780199086757
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199458417.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

This chapter presents a comprehensive review of the works done on contemporary themes in agricultural geography such as cropping pattern, crop combinations, crop diversifications, agricultural ... More


Land Markets

Sanjoy Chakravorty

in The Price of Land: Acquisition, Conflict, Consequence

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780198089544
eISBN:
9780199082438
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198089544.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter begins with a model of land rents and follows with separate discussions of the recent dynamics of urban and rural land markets. The data show that land prices in urban and rural settings ... More


Farming, Commercialization, and Convergence, 1850–1914

Cormac Ó Gráda

in Ireland: A New Economic History 1780–1939

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198205982
eISBN:
9780191676895
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198205982.003.0011
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Economic History

The period 1850–1914 has been the main target of the ‘new history’ of Irish tenurial relations. If the gist of Barbara Solow's influential study of the Land War was that the protracted struggle that ... More


Food Security and Sociopolitical Stability in Sub-Saharan Africa

Christopher B. Barrett and Joanna B. Upton

in Food Security and Sociopolitical Stability

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199679362
eISBN:
9780191758430
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199679362.003.0013
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Sub-Saharan Africa suffers the world’s highest rates of food insecurity, ultra-poverty, and conflict. These inter-related phenomena are all closely associated with the region’s long stagnation in ... More


Agricultural R&D, Food Prices, Poverty, and Malnutrition Redux

Julian M. Alston and Philip G. Pardey

in The Fight Against Hunger and Malnutrition: The Role of Food, Agriculture, and Targeted Policies

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780198733201
eISBN:
9780191797767
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198733201.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental, Public and Welfare

While many of the world’s poor remain undernourished, paradoxically, growing numbers of people from all income and social strata are overweight or obese. These evolving patterns of nutrition and ... More


Agriculture for Nutrition: Getting Policies Right

Prabhu Pingali, Katie Ricketts, and David E. Sahn

in The Fight Against Hunger and Malnutrition: The Role of Food, Agriculture, and Targeted Policies

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780198733201
eISBN:
9780191797767
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198733201.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental, Public and Welfare

The past 50 years have been a period of extraordinary food crop productivity growth, despite rising populations and increasing land scarcity, largely due to the Green Revolution. Despite these ... More


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