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Agricultural Production, Output, and Productivity, 1700–1914

M. E. Turner, J. V. Beckett, and B. Afton

in Farm Production in England 1700-1914

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198208044
eISBN:
9780191716577
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198208044.003.0002
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter begins by reviewing the traditional historiography on mainly English but also touching more widely on British agricultural production, output, and productivity from the pre-industrial ... More


Food Safety and Agriculture

David Vogel

in The Politics of Precaution: Regulating Health, Safety, and Environmental Risks in Europe and the United States

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691124162
eISBN:
9781400842568
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691124162.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This chapter focuses on European and American policies toward the risks of food safety and agricultural production methods. A number of food safety regulations were affected by a divergence in ... More


Prologue War and Society in Eighteenth-century India

C. A. Bayly

in Rulers, Townsmen and Bazaars: North Indian Society in the Age of British Expansion 1770-1870

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198077466
eISBN:
9780199081110
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198077466.003.0014
Subject:
History, Economic History

This chapter presents some preliminary hypotheses about the effects of war and political change on north Indian society during the eighteenth century, focusing on the movement of resources — capital, ... More


Wartime Food Production: Grain Storage, the Warlands, and the Persistence of Agricultural Individualism

Ashley Jackson

in Botswana 1939–1945: An African Country at War

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198207641
eISBN:
9780191677762
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198207641.003.0008
Subject:
History, World Modern History

An agricultural scheme that was commonly referred to as the warlands – cleared and cultivated blocks of land for producing tribal grain reserves – was utilized by the British Administration in ... More


The Future of Agricultural Pollination

Rosalind R. James and Theresa L. Pitts-Singer

in Bee Pollination in Agricultural Ecosystems

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195316957
eISBN:
9780199871575
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195316957.003.0013
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

This chapter summarizes how agricultural production and bees are inter-dependent. Honey bees are the most commonly used agricultural pollinators in the world, but are threatened by an increasing ... More


Managing the land

Chris Wickham

in Framing the Early Middle Ages: Europe and the Mediterranean, 400—800

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199264490
eISBN:
9780191698934
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199264490.003.0005
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

This chapter is concerned with the organization of agricultural production, particularly agriculture, based from the standpoint of landowners. It tries to show how unimportant slave-mode production ... More


Provisioning and regulatory ecosystem service values in agriculture

Erik Nelson, Stanley Wood, Jawoo Koo, and Stephen Polasky

in Natural Capital: Theory and Practice of Mapping Ecosystem Services

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199588992
eISBN:
9780191774638
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199588992.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology, Ecology

This chapter, which describes methods for creating maps of agricultural yield and annual net revenues using publically available data, shows how to derive the marginal production value of changes in ... More


Introduction: Women, Economic Change, and Housework in Ireland, 1890–1914

JOANNA BOURKE

in Husbandry to Housewifery: Women, Economic Change, and Housework in Ireland 1890-1914

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198203858
eISBN:
9780191676024
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198203858.003.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Social History

The market is a model of human relations. The price of commodities is an indicator of their relative worth. The ‘factors of production’, including human labour, receive their economic value in the ... More


Civil Society in the Countryside? Social Organizations and Rural Development

Gordon White, Jude Howell, and Shang Xiaoyuan

in In Search of Civil Society: Market Reform and Social Change in Contemporary China

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198289562
eISBN:
9780191684739
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198289562.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

This chapter examines the role of social organizations in two rapidly urbanizing rural areas in the economically dynamic coastal regions: the counties/cities of Xiaoshan in Zhejiang province and ... More


The Land: Climate and Geography

Michael Decker

in Tilling the Hateful Earth: Agricultural Production and Trade in the Late Antique East

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199565283
eISBN:
9780191721724
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199565283.003.0002
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

Chapter 1 provides the geographical and climatic setting. In addition to providing a description of the area of interest (the diocese of Oriens, a grouping of provinces that extended from ... More


Negotiating Land Use Rights and Income Distribution in Agricultural Production

Yi Wu

in Negotiating Rural Land Ownership in Southwest China: State, Village, Family

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780824846770
eISBN:
9780824872168
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824846770.003.0009
Subject:
Anthropology, Asian Cultural Anthropology

This chapter reveals that while farmland was contracted to rural households under the Household Responsibility System in the early 1980s, farmers didn’t enjoy full production freedom due to the local ... More


Food security, inclusive growth, sustainability and the sustainable development agenda<sup>1</sup>

Craig Hanson, Tim Searchinger, Richard Waite, Betsy Otto, Brian Lipinski, and Kelly Levin

in Did the Millennium Development Goals Work?: Meeting Future Challenges with Past Lessons

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9781447335702
eISBN:
9781447335740
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447335702.003.0016
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter considers the food security challenge to 2030 and its implications for the sustainable development agenda. It first outlines three proposed food security targets that integrate ... More


Restoring Control

Jenny Leigh Smith

in Works in Progress: Plans and Realities on Soviet Farms, 1930-1963

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780300200690
eISBN:
9780300210316
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300200690.003.0003
Subject:
History, Russian and Former Soviet Union History

During the 1930s, state-sponsored initiatives introduced bureaucratic and scientific professionals to Soviet farms. However, because of their poor performance, these professionals did not stay in ... More


Agricultural Production

Alain Bresson

in The Making of the Ancient Greek Economy: Institutions, Markets, and Growth in the City-States

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780691183411
eISBN:
9781400852451
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691183411.003.0005
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

This chapter examines the growth of agricultural production in the Greek city-states. It traces the evolutions and mutations of agriculture in the ancient Greek world as well as the consequences of ... More


Land Reform in Russia: Institutional Design and Behavioral Responses

Stephen K. Wegren

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300150971
eISBN:
9780300156409
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300150971.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Urban and Rural Studies

This book presents an account of Russia's land reform initiatives from the late 1980s to today. In Russia, a country controlling more land than any other nation, land ownership is central to ... More


The Economy of the Agricultural World

Alain Bresson

in The Making of the Ancient Greek Economy: Institutions, Markets, and Growth in the City-States

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780691183411
eISBN:
9781400852451
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691183411.003.0006
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

This chapter examines the social and technical conditions that both structured the Greek agricultural economy's permanent features and presided over the changes it experienced. It first considers the ... More


Social Dimensions of Organic Coffee Production in Mexico: Lessons for Eco-Labeling Initiatives

David B. Bray, José Luis Plaza Sanchez, and Ellen Contreras Murphy

in Confronting the Coffee Crisis: Fair Trade, Sustainable Livelihoods and Ecosystems in Mexico and Central America

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262026338
eISBN:
9780262267526
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262026338.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

This chapter focuses on analyzing the pros and cons of producing certified organic coffee in the context of social justice and biodiversity conservation, as revealed in the case study in Chiapas, ... More


The Ideological Pursuit of Ecology: Qingchuan County

Christian P. Sorace

in Shaken Authority: China's Communist Party and the 2008 Sichuan Earthquake

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9781501707537
eISBN:
9781501708503
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501707537.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Asian Politics

This chapter introduces a relatively new concept in the Chinese Communist Party's political vocabulary: “ecological civilization” (shengtai wenming), which offers a new metric of development apart ... More


Assessing the Scope and Severity of Pesticide Drift

Jill Lindsey Harrison

in Pesticide Drift and the Pursuit of Environmental Justice

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015981
eISBN:
9780262298766
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015981.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

Pesticide drift is a problem that needs critical examination, and to substantiate this assertion, the author presents technical evidence of pesticide illness and drift. This chapter begins with a ... More


The Making of the Ancient Greek Economy: Institutions, Markets, and Growth in the City-States

Alain Bresson

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780691183411
eISBN:
9781400852451
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691183411.001.0001
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

This comprehensive introduction to the ancient Greek economy revolutionizes our understanding of the subject and its possibilities. The book combines a thorough knowledge of ancient sources with ... More


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